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Ancient egypt (Great Pyramid Khufu's pyramid)

  1. 1.
  2. 2. EGYPTIAN LIFE<br />
  3. 3. EGYPTIAN LIFE<br />-Daily life revolved around the Nile and the fertile land along its banks. <br />-The yearly flooding of the Nile enriched (To add value or quality to something.) the soil and brought good harvests and wealth to the land.<br />-Built mudbrick homes in villages and in the country. <br />-They grew some of their own food and traded in the villages for the food and goods they could not produce. <br />
  4. 4. EGYPTIAN LIFE<br />Most ancient Egyptians worked as field hands, farmers, craftsmen and scribes. A small group of people were nobles. Together, these different groups of people made up the population of ancient Egypt. <br />
  5. 5. PYRAMID 'Great Pyramid'.("Khufu's pyramid.“)<br />
  6. 6. PYRAMID 'Great Pyramid'. <br />The ancient Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs (rulers of ancient Egypt.) and their queens. The pharaohs were buried in pyramids of many different shapes and sizes from before the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom. <br />Introduction<br />
  7. 7. There are about eighty pyramids known today from ancient Egypt. The three largest and best-preserved of these were built at Giza at the beginning of the Old Kingdom. The most well-known of these pyramids was built for the pharaoh Khufu. It is known as the 'Great Pyramid'. <br />
  10. 10. INSIDE THE khufu’S PYRAMID<br />the door to the left.<br />walkway through low corridors<br />End of the staircase, the tomb is through the door to the left.<br />
  11. 11. Video of Inside Great Pyramid<br />
  12. 12. PYRAMID 'Great Pyramid'. <br />Construction<br />Khufu's architects were wise and experienced men. They knew the importance of building the pharaoh's final resting place so that its sides faced directly north, south, east and west. <br />
  13. 13. PYRAMID 'Great Pyramid'. <br />They planned a large pyramid- the largest one ever built in ancient Egypt. The outlines of the pyramid were measured and marked in the desert sand. <br />
  14. 14. PYRAMID 'Great Pyramid'. <br />Then the building began. Large blocks of stone were cut from quarries nearby. They were dragged by groups of men across the desert to the site of the pyramid and set in place. Most of the workers were farmers who worked on building the pyramid during the flood season when their fields were under water. <br />
  15. 15. PYRAMID 'Great Pyramid'. <br />After the first level of blocks was in place, the workers built ramps of mudbrick, limestone chips and clay. The workers dragged the large stones up the ramps to build the next level of the pyramid. <br />
  16. 16. PYRAMID 'Great Pyramid'. <br />For about 20 years, hundreds of men worked on building the pyramid. As they built each level, they also built up the ramps around the pyramid.At construction the Great Pyramid was 146 metres (481 feet) tall, but due to erosion its current height is 137 metres (450 feet).<br />
  17. 17. PYRAMID 'Great Pyramid'. <br />When the pyramid was almost finished, a special block covered in shining metal (either gold or electrum) was placed on the top of the pyramid. Then, blocks of white limestone from quarries across the Nile were used to cover the pyramid. The blocks were trimmed to make the outside of the pyramid smooth. <br />Finally, the pyramid was finished. <br />
  18. 18. PYRAMID 'Great Pyramid'. <br />Material'<br />The pyramid was constructed of limestone, basalt, and granite stones from two to four tonnes in weight each, adding up to a total estimated weight of some 7 million tonnes, and a volume of ³2,600,600 cubic metres. It is the largest Egyptian pyramid .At completion, the Great Pyramid was surfaced by white 'casing stones' – slant-faced, but flat-topped, blocks of highly polished white limestone.<br />'casing stones'<br />
  19. 19. Construction of Great Pyramid<br />
  20. 20. PYRAMID 'Great Pyramid'.("Khufu's pyramid.“)<br />END<br />-<br />-<br />