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The Coming Decade of Open Access

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Moving Beyond Traditional Forms and Functions of Scholarly Communications

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The Coming Decade of Open Access

  1. 1. The Coming Decade of Open Access Moving Beyond Traditional Forms and Functions of Scholarly CommunicationsLeslie ChanUniversity of Toronto ScarboroughBioline International
  2. 2. Agenda• What is Open Access and its key benefits• Growth of OA in the last ten years• Key trends and developments – Global and Local trends (Brazil) – New and Exciting Developments• Areas that are still deficient• Looking to the Future and Suggestions for Collaborations
  3. 3. Key Messages• Open Access as a philosophical principle and a set of practical tools• “Journal” no longer serves the needs of networked scholarship• From “Wealth of Nations” to “Wealth of Networks”• Need to rethink measurements of “impact” and values, especially for research relevant to development• Innovations are happening in the “peripheries” but there are gatekeepers and social barriers• Aligning funding and reward policies with new scholarly practices and inclusive metrics
  4. 4. “By "open access" to this literature, we mean its freeavailability on the public internet, permitting any users toread, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link tothe full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing,pass them as data to software, or use them for any otherlawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technicalbarriers other than those inseparable from gaining accessto the internet itself. The only constraint on reproductionand distribution, and the only role for copyright in thisdomain, should be to give authors control over theintegrity of their work and the right to be properlyacknowledged and cited.”BOAI 2002 http://www.soros.org/openaccess/read
  5. 5. Modes of Open Access User Rights Gratis Libre Green Green-Gratis Green-Libre Author Self- Archiving ofVenues published papers orand pre-prints in InstitutionalDelivery RepositoriesVehicles Gold Gold-Gratis Gold-Libre Author publish in journals that are open access
  6. 6. http://maps.repository66.org/
  7. 7. http://www.doaj.org/
  8. 8. http://www.openaccessmap.org
  9. 9. http://www.scielo.org/php/index.php
  10. 10. http://www.scielo.org.za/
  11. 11. The World of Journal Publishing According to Thomson’s ISI Science Citation Index Data from 2002 http://www.worldmapper.org/display.php?selected=205
  12. 12. http://www.bioline.org.br
  13. 13. OA does not only remove or reduce pricebarriers for researchers in developing countries,it offers a more equitable model for theexchange of knowledge as a global public good(the philosophical dimension)
  14. 14. Some Key Trends in OA
  15. 15. Institutional and Funder Mandates
  16. 16. Policy Developments• The World Bank launched an institutional repository and adopted an OA mandate on April 10, 2012• UNESCO published an OA Policy Guidelines in March 2012• UK, EU, and the USA are all developing major funding policies on OA
  17. 17. http://thecostofknowledge.com/
  18. 18. http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/jan/16/academic-publishers-enemies-science
  19. 19. PIPA (Protect IP Act)ResearchWorks Act
  20. 20. http://youtu.be/5FoYxzPZDuw
  21. 21. New Ways of thinking about Scholarly Communications
  22. 22. http://www.peerproject.eu/
  23. 23. Key Findings1. There is no evidence of any harm topublishers as a result of embargoed green OA2. There is evidence of increased total usagethrough green OA3. There is evidence that green OA through thePEER project actually drives usage at thepublisher site.David Prosser, May 29, 2012
  24. 24. http://total-impact.org/
  25. 25. The IF cannot be reproduced, even if itreflected actual citations http://jcb.rupress.org/content /179/6/1091.full
  26. 26. The IF are more effhttp://iai.asm.org/content/early/2011/08/08/IAI.05661-11.full.pdf+html?view=long&pmid=21825063
  27. 27. http://arxiv.org/abs/1205.4328
  28. 28. From “Big”science toNetworkedscienceKnowledge forlocal problemsolving
  29. 29. Convergence• Brazil, biodiversity and sustainable development• Information society policy• Free Culture Movement – Access to Knowledge in Brazil
  30. 30. Institutional DesignSustainability as a set of institutional structures and processes that build and protect the knowledge commons (Mook and Sumner 2010)
  31. 31. Broadening the definition of “prestige”, “impact”, “value” and “capital” Business value monetary return, financial capital, efficiency, competiveness Scholarly value Reputation and citation; trust; symbolic capital Institutional value Public mission, community outreach, intellectual capital Social value Equity, participation, inclusion, diversity, social capital Political value Evidence based policy, transparency, accountability, civic capital
  32. 32. Conclusions• Leverage the various Open movement• Align the values of research with appropriate incentives and recognition• Also need to align policies that are emerging from the top with initiatives are rising from the bottom• Support for metadata standards and open licences• Recognition of non-proprietary and collaborative research output from networked scholarship• Reward dissemination of research findings through multiple means – beyond the journal• Move Prestige to Open Access
  33. 33. http://www.openoasis.org http://www.bioline.org.br http://www.openaccessmap.org Thank You!chan@utsc.utoronto.ca

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