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PSI as personal data:moving towards pragmatismHans Graux, ICT Lawyer
Personal data and data subjects Definition:      “any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person...
Not so easy… Recital 26:      “to determine whether a person is identifiable, account should be taken of all the means lik...
Personal data in PSI    Crime data in Manchester – personal data?                                                4
Blurry real life case     Personal data   Not personal data                                         5
Pushing the limits… Adress lists and purely geographic data: – Main Street has houses numbered from 1 to 250; – Statue of ...
Seeking reason… Pragmatic approach: distiction between: – Personal data from its nature: contact data, health data,    pic...
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PSI as Person

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  1. 1. PSI as personal data:moving towards pragmatismHans Graux, ICT Lawyer
  2. 2. Personal data and data subjects Definition: “any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (data subject); an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identification number or to one or more factors specific to his physical, physiological, mental, economic, cultural or social identity” 2
  3. 3. Not so easy… Recital 26: “to determine whether a person is identifiable, account should be taken of all the means likely reasonably to be used either by the controller or by any other person to identify the said person” Opinion WP136 on the Concept of Personal Data (2007): “One should consider costs, intended purpose, modalities of processing, incentives, interests for the individuals, and organisational/technical risks” 3
  4. 4. Personal data in PSI Crime data in Manchester – personal data? 4
  5. 5. Blurry real life case Personal data Not personal data 5
  6. 6. Pushing the limits… Adress lists and purely geographic data: – Main Street has houses numbered from 1 to 250; – Statue of Local Hero is located at coordinates 50.877931,4.703541; – A nice shrubbery is planted at 50.86075,4.756103 Personal data? Surely not… 6
  7. 7. Seeking reason… Pragmatic approach: distiction between: – Personal data from its nature: contact data, health data, pictures of persons,… : law clearly applies – Personal data from its contextual use: geolocation, pictures of environments, object data, …: only become personal data when their use implies a linking to natural persons. If identifiability (whether intended or not) is not a foreseeable result of normal use, then data protection laws do not apply. Not so much based on law, but on realism 7

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