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Forms of Innovation: Collaboration, Attribution, Access

I presented this content at the Forms of Innovation: Humanities, Copyright and New Technologies workshop at the University of Durham on Saturday 27 April 2013.
To download this file, please go to

This deck of slides is a slightly modified version of the original file I showed that day.

This deck of slides is licensed by Ernesto Priego under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Forms of Innovation: Collaboration, Attribution, Access. Ernesto Priego. figshare.
Retrieved 13:25, Apr 29, 2013 (GMT)

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Forms of Innovation: Collaboration, Attribution, Access

  1. 1. Forms of Innovation:Collaboration, Attribution, AccessDr Ernesto Priego @ernestopriego#citylis
  2. 2. • I presented this content at the Forms ofInnovation: Humanities, Copyright and NewTechnologies workshop at the University ofDurham on Saturday 27 April 2013.• This deck of slides is a slightly modifiedversion of the original file I showed that day.• This deck of slides is licensed by Ernesto Priegounder a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 UnportedLicense.
  3. 3. • I have shared this deck of slides as a .pptx file so if you findany content here interesting you can just reuse it easily.• If you reuse any of this content please cite this file as yoursource.Suggested citation:• Priego, Ernesto. (2013). “Forms of Innovation:Collaboration, Attribution, Access”. Deck of slides. figshare.Retrieved 10:57, Apr 29, 2013 (GMT)
  4. 4. Fair Warning: I’m Biased!
  5. 5. The Comics Grid:Journal of Comics Scholarship
  6. 6. The Comics Grid• Born Digital• Digital Media Specific (To be read on screens)• Open Access• International• Collaborative• Rapid Publication• Submissions and Open Peer Review via Google Docs• Articles are Peer Reviewed Openly• Blog-based, includes blog section, blog posts proof-read by twoeditors• Reputation by innovation, openness, engagement andcollaboration, not by rejection rate• Becoming Gold Open Access Journal late May 2013, to be publishedby Ubiquity Press
  7. 7. The State of the Party• For better or worse, the Web is the primarygateway to information search and access• What is not accessed is not used• In the Web, friction reduces attention andusage• Paradigm shift in the attention economy andthe economics of online attention: if there’s apaywall you will jump over it without paying
  8. 8. What We Need to Bring to the Party…• We need more honesty in why academic workis published in non-OA journals that areexpensive, restrictive and difficult to find• We need scholars form arts, humanities andsocial sciences fields to engage in a criticalrevision of copyright, lincensing, functions ofacademic publishing
  9. 9. Digital ScholarshipScholars engaged in digital scholarship:• have advanced digital literacy skills• self-archive• filter and share with others• blog about their research• publish in open access journals• comment openly on the works of others•build networks(After Terry Anderson, 2009; Martin Weller, 2011)• Scholars ask: all cool, but who rewards/incentivises/funds allthis?
  10. 10. Scholarly Outputs (Cronin 2012)From 1970:• Working paper• Occasional paper• Preprint• Conference paper• Journal article• Letters• Research notes• Monograph• Book review• Literature reviewFrom 2010:• Same as 1970 plus…Journalarticle and supplementarymaterials• Hyperlinked articles• Tweets• Blogs• Videos (YouTube)• E-preprints• Webpages• Webinars/podcasts etc.
  11. 11. Scholarship Needs Sharing• No longer completely different tasks• The harder it is to find something, the harder it isto access it• The harder it is to access something, the harder itis to find an audience• The harder it is to find an audience, the harder itis to create sustainable engagement• The harder it is to create sustainableengagement, the harder it is to have an impact
  12. 12. Scholarship Needs Sharing• If it can’t be accessed, it won’t be read• If it can’t be read, it won’t be cited• Sharing/Citation/attribution is the essence ofethical, professional scholarship• Since (sadly) not everyone does it naturally, aframework of incentives/rewards needs toallocate financial, legal, infrastructural, timeresources for this
  13. 13. World Wide Web:Not Wild Wild West!• Digital media unsettles/disrupts previousconceptions ofauthority, originality, ownership, derivation,copy, piracy• A digital file is always-already a copy• People who plagiarise will plagiarise nomatter what.• “All Rights Reserved” does not stopplagiarism.
  14. 14. World Wide Web:Not Wild Wild West!• Digital textuality is always-already made possible bysource code• CC Licensing is a way of developing a culture thatunderstands the specificities of digital content andpromotes reuse, collaboration, reciprocity and ethicalbehaviour like proper attribution of sources.• CC Licenses can not prevent plagiarism either, but ithelps develop a culture of ethical online sharing and itis legally enforceable if need be.• CC Licensing is not opposed to Copyright; itcomplements it.
  15. 15. Innovator, Pioneer: @lessig(2008)(2004)(2001)Book covers images © respective authors/publishers.
  16. 16. a world based in sharing andreusing, attribution, reciprocity and feedbackare key best practices
  17. 17. Fear Deters Innovation!• Some of the anxieties about Open Access rightnow are around Intellectualproperty, plagiarism, copyright law in thedigital age.• We need to study and communicate betterhow existing legal frameworks interact withexisting Creative Commons licenses andinstitutional funding and publisher’s policies.
  18. 18. (Form of Innovation)“Get Credit for All Your Research” (with DOIs!)
  19. 19. (Form of Innovation)Open Library of Humanities
  20. 20. (Form of Innovation)Ubiquity Press
  21. 21. “Non-explicit Closed-ness”• PDFs with all restrictions in place (no printing, nocopy/paste, no metadata, blocked for web crawlers)• “Free for you”: Non-explicit costs in accessing paid-subscription journals from an institutionalaccount/device/network• Educational Resources shared in closed PDFformats, deck of slides shared-but-not-really-shared, not allowing downloads, closingcomments, not engaging, not listening, notreplying, etc.
  22. 22. And very explicit closedness…
  23. 23. “Integrity” Undermined?(and I quote…)London Review of Books, Letters, Vol. 35 No. 2 · 24January 2013
  24. 24. Information, Education:Open Learning
  25. 25. Get Creative!
  26. 26. Download, Share
  27. 27. Symbiosis: “a world-building tool-kit”“inside of every consumer is a creator.”“readers become co-authors”“Take what Im making, build on it, playwith it, impress us all with what youcan do. ”"Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike3.0 Unported" license.“Commercial license will be easilygranted with an affordable licensingagreement. If the project is small (i.e.Its not for a corporation or an LLC) Illlikely not ask for any cut or fee at all.”
  28. 28. My Vision for Future Scholarship:Research Publications asCC-Licensed Toolkits!
  29. 29. Thank you!Comments or questions?Direct feedback:@ernestopriegoThis deck of slides is licensed by Ernesto Priego under a CreativeCommons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.Please use. Please attribute and link back.