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Keynote address at WCELfest2015, February 12, 2015.

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  1. 1. Know Thyself: ePortfolios and Reflective Stories of Deep Learning Dr. Helen Barrett University of Alaska Anchorage (retired) International Researcher & Consultant
  2. 2. Key Concepts • Portfolios for Lifelong Learning • Identity Development & Online Professional Branding • Metacognition & Reflection • Digital Storytelling & Reflection • Technology Tools & Apps
  3. 3. Simon Sinek’s Golden Circle 3 motivation process product
  4. 4. WHAT?
  5. 5. Portfolio One Word, Many Meanings Specialty Case Responsibilities InvestmentsArt Work Collection of Artifacts Workspace Showcase
  6. 6. DEFINITIONS Who was the first famous “folio” keeper?
  7. 7. Leonardo da Vinci’s Folio
  8. 8. E-Portfolio Components < Multiple Portfolios for Multiple Purposes -Celebrating Learning -Personal Planning -Transition/entry to courses -Employment applications -Accountability/Assessment < Multiple Tools to Support Processes -Capturing & storing evidence -Reflecting -Giving & receiving feedback -Planning & setting goals -Collaborating -Presenting to an audience < Digital Repository (Becta, 2007; JISC, 2008)
  9. 9. Convergence
  10. 10. Digital Storytelling Process • Create a 2-to-4 minute digital video clip – First person narrative [begins with a written script ~ 400 words] – Told in their own voice [record script] – Illustrated (mostly) by still images – Music track to add emotional tone
  11. 11. A Dozen Purposes for DS in EP • Introduction of Self – Voice & Personality – Legacy – Biography – Memoir • Artifacts – Evidence of Collaboration – Documentary – Record of Experience – Oral Language • Reflection – Transition – Decision – Benchmarking Development – Change over Time
  12. 12. Good Morning Sunshines A teacher’s reflection on professional growth
  13. 13. WHY?
  14. 14. Multiple Purposes from Hidden Assumptions What are yours? • Showcase • Assessment • Learning • 346082.png
  15. 15. Multiple Purposes of E-Portfolios in Education –Learning/ Process/ Planning –Marketing/ Showcase/ Employment –Assessment/ Accountability "The Blind Men and the Elephant” by John Godfrey Saxe
  16. 16. Purpose • The overarching purpose of portfolios is to create a sense of personal ownership over one’s accomplishments, because ownership engenders feelings of pride, responsibility, and dedication. (p.10) • Paris, S & Ayres, L. (1994) Becoming Reflective Students and Teachers. American Psychological Association
  17. 17. Personal Learning Environment Supports Self-Directed Learning
  18. 18. Lifelong Learner Four key pillars of Lifelong Learning (Barbara Stäuble, Curtin University of Technology, Australia)
  19. 19. Knowing the learner (Self-awareness) • Understanding prior knowledge • Motivation for and attitudes toward learning • Help learners understand themselves • See their growth over time
  20. 20. “Know Thyself” Temple at Delphi
  21. 21. Managing Oneself • “Success in the knowledge economy comes to those who know themselves – their strengths, their values, and how best they perform.” • Purpose: Use ePortfolios for managing knowledge workers' career development • What are my strengths? • How do I perform? • What are my values? • Where do I belong? • What should I contribute? • Responsibility for Relationships • The Second Half of your Life Peter Drucker, (2005) Harvard Business Review
  22. 22. Planning for learning (Self management) • Setting goals • Develop a plan to achieve these goals
  23. 23. Evaluating learning (Self monitoring) • Systematic analysis of learners’ performance • Responsibility to construct meaning • Be reflective & think critically • Learners construct meaning, monitor learning, evaluate own outcomes
  24. 24. Understanding how to learn (Meta-learning) • Awareness of learners to different approaches to learning • Deep vs. Surface Learning, Rote vs. Meaningful Learning • Different Learning Styles • Help learners recognize success • Accommodate approaches that are not successful
  25. 25. Deep Learning • involves reflection, • is developmental, • is integrative, • is self-directive, and • is lifelong Cambridge (2004)
  26. 26. “The portfolio is a laboratory where students construct meaning from their accumulated experience." (Paulson & Paulson, 1991, p.5)
  27. 27. Portfolio Learning Figure 2 A model of e-portfolio-based learning, adapted from Kolb (1984) JISC, 2008, Effective Practice with e-Portfolios, p. 9 Experience Understanding FeelingReviewing Reflecting Publishing & Receiving Feedback Sharing & Collaborating Dialogue Selecting Synthesizing Recording Organizing Planning Conceptualizing & Constructing Meaning
  28. 28. QUOTE  The e-portfolio is the central and common point for the student learning experience… It is a reflection of the student as a person undergoing continuous personal development, not just a store of evidence. -Geoff Rebbeck, e-Learning Coordinator, Thanet College, quoted in JISC, 2008, Effective Practice with e-Portfolios
  29. 29. PORTFOLIOS HELP LEARNERS FIND THEIR VOICE… and explore their Purpose and Passions through Choice!
  30. 30. Lifelong Context for E-Portfolios
  31. 31. Lifelong Life-Wide Scenario • Lifelong, life-wide approach to: - Lifetime personal web space - Electronic portfolios - Online Videos - Digital Stories Scenario
  32. 32. Families are the Centerpiece Scenario
  33. 33. Informal Learning Scenario Social Networking
  34. 34. Early Childhood Portfolios Scenario
  35. 35. Digital Birth: Welcome to the Online World • Mothers with children aged under two (N=2200) that have uploaded images of their child (2010) • Overall – 81% – USA – 92% – Canada - 84% – (EU5 - 73%) UK - 81% France - 74% Italy - 68% Germany - 71% Spain – 71% – Australia – 84% – New Zealand – 91% – Japan - 43% The research was conducted by Research Now among 2200 mothers with young (under two) children during the week of 27 September. Mothers in the EU5 (UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain), Canada, the USA, Australia, New Zealand and Japan were polled. 006006722/en/Digital-Birth-Online-World
  36. 36. Formal Education: Assessment Portfolio Systems • Two approaches Formative (Learning) Summative (Evaluation) Scenario
  37. 37. Children enter school Scenario
  38. 38. High School Graduation
  39. 39. Digital Identity • Creating a positive digital footprint
  40. 40. Post-Secondary - Benchmarks Scenario
  41. 41. Portfolios in the Work Place • Less well-defined • Some professions produce digital products – Music – Art – Website design • Accreditation of prior learning • Personnel Evaluation? Scenario for Professional Development Scenario
  42. 42. Digital Stories - Legacies Scenario
  43. 43. “Memex” – Memory Extender • Cognitive Prosthesis • Memory Enhancement Research • Autobiographies (Family Legacy) Scenario
  44. 44. Coming Full Circle
  45. 45. REFLECTION FOR LEARNING site/reflection4learning/ Resource on Reflection
  46. 46. The Learning Cycle David Kolb from Dewey, Piaget, Lewin, adapted by Zull
  47. 47. Experiential Learning Model Lewin/Kolb with adaptations by Moon and Zull Try out what you have learned Learn from the experience Reflect on the experience Have an experience Practice Metacognition
  48. 48. Portfolio as Story "A portfolio tells a story. It is the story of knowing. Knowing about things... Knowing oneself... Knowing an audience... Portfolios are students' own stories of what they know, why they believe they know it, and why others should be of the same opinion.” (Paulson & Paulson, 1991, p.2)
  49. 49. Reflection = Storytelling The “Heart and Soul” of a Portfolio Reflection in portfolios helps learners construct meaning. “What?” “So What?” “Now What?”
  50. 50. “metacognition lies at the root of all learning” “…self-knowledge, awareness of how and why we think as we do, and the ability to adapt and learn, are critical to our survival as individuals…” - James Zull (2011) From Brain to Mind: Using Neuroscience to Guide Change in Education
  51. 51. What is Reflection? • Major theoretical roots: – Dewey – Habermas – Kolb – Schön • Dewey: “We do not learn from experience…we learn from reflecting on experience.”
  52. 52. Storytelling as Reflection (Schön, 1988) “…for storytelling is the mode of description best suited to transformation in new situations of action.” “Stories are products of reflection, but we do not usually hold onto them long enough to make them objects of reflection in their own right.”
  53. 53. Roger Schank, Tell Me a Story “Telling stories and listening to other people's stories shape the memories we have of our experiences.” Stories help us organize our experience and define our sense of ourselves.
  54. 54. Storytelling as a Theory of Learning • Two educators from New Zealand - staff developer and health educator • Relates storytelling to literature on learning and reflection • Provides stages of storytelling related to reflection
  55. 55. Deana’s Story
  56. 56. HOW?
  57. 57. Digital Tools for Reflection Reflective Journal (Blog) Digital Storytelling and Engagement
  58. 58. Is the Future of ePortfolio Development in your Pocket? • “Capture the Moment” – Reflection in the Present Tense • What am I learning at this moment? • Using the tools in our pockets!
  59. 59. INTEGRATE INTO EVERYDAY ACTIVITIES Photos: Flickr by Kim Cofino
  60. 60. APPS Software to support ePortfolio & Digital Storytelling Development
  61. 61. More Effective Use of Mobiles = + Mobile Devices Accounts in the Cloud Apps 
  62. 62. Self-Regulated Learning Abrami, P., et. al. (2008), Encouraging self-regulated learning through electronic portfolios. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, V34(3) Fall 2008.
  63. 63. Learning/Reflection Cycle blog websiteSo What? Why? (double-loop learning) Now What? What?
  64. 64. Planning & Setting Goals Giving & Receiving Feedback Reflective Journal Planning Doing Reflecting
  65. 65. CAPTURE THE MOMENT With Mobile Devices Text Images Audio Video Doing
  66. 66. Storage Capturing & Storing Evidence Mobile Apps + Website Google Docs Capture Images & Video Capture VoiceStore Online DropBoxGoogle Drive now
  67. 67. Other apps Others? Interactive Whiteboard CamScanner Free (& + & Pro) Notability only only 3-Ring Explain Everything $2.99 $2.99 screencasting
  68. 68. MaharaDroid
  69. 69. Web 2.0 Sites Presenting to an Audience Create Presentations Create Videos Share Online Online Video Editing Reflecting
  70. 70. 73 Reflection & Relationships … the “Heart and Soul” of an e-portfolio… NOT the Technology! A Reminder…
  71. 71. What’s Your Story?
  72. 72. My Portfolio & Choices
  73. 73. 76 My Final Wish… E-portfolios become dynamic celebrations & stories of deep learning across the lifespan. Thank You!
  74. 74. DR. HELEN BARRETT Researcher & Consultant Electronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide Learning Founding Faculty, REAL* ePortfolio Academy for K-12 Teachers *Reflection, Engagement, Assessment for Learning Twitter: @eportfolios