Electronic Portfolios have been with us for almost two decades (since 1991) used primarily in education to store documents and reflect on learning, provide feedback for improvement, and showcase achievements for accountability or employment.As defined in a JISC publication, Effective Practices with e-portfolios: The e-portfolio is the central and common point for the student experience… It is a reflection of the student as a person undergoing continuous personal development, not just a store of evidence. (Geoff Rebbeck, e-Learning Coordinator, Thanet College, quoted in JISC, 2008, Effective Practice with e-Portfolios)
How is social networking impacting ePortfolio development? It is having a huge impact on our social and political world!Social networks have emerged over the last five years, and are used by individuals and groups to store documents and share experiences, showcase accomplishments, communicate and collaborate with friends and family, and, in some cases, facilitate employment searches.[Erin’s story – Messiah – feedback immediate.]
The boundaries are blurring between eportfolios and social networks. As we consider the potential of lifelong e-portfolios, will they resemble the structured accountability systems that are currently being implemented in many educational institutions? Or are we beginning to see lifelong interactive portfolios emerging as… mash-ups in the Web 2.0 cloud, using Blogs or wikis or Twitter, Facebook or Ning, Flickr or Picasa or YouTube, etc.?
So I’d like you to think: What are the engagement factors that drive the use of social networks and how can we incorporate those factors into ePortfolios?
Portfolios in Formal Education: Exploring Personal and Professional IdentityBuilding a Professional Online Brand.
Who knows what this means?
Success in the knowledge economy comes to those who know themselves – their strengths, their values, and how best they perform.
In his newest book still to be released, called From Brain to Mind: Using Neuroscience to Guide Change in Education, coming out in May
How do we implement ePortfolios in a manner that engages students and helps achieve the purposes?
We have witnessed a revolution in mobile computing this year with the iPad. But most of the world has plain mobile phone.
Common Tools vs. Proprietary systems
I’m not convinced that deep reflection can be represented in 140-160 characters of a tweet or SMS message. But this format can be an effective way to document process over time --to capture the moment-- and can later be aggregated and analyzed for deeper understanding. As a current example, the tweets that were coming out of Egypt prior to February 11 told a very compelling story of the revolution as it was happening (as curated and retweeted by PBS’s Andy Carvin [@acarvin] - an incredible service!). We have seen the power of digital media in social change; it can also be part of individual transformation through understanding oneself and showcasing achievements in reflective portfolios. “tiny bursts of learning”: http://chrisbetcher.com/2011/04/1483/
Collection -- Creating the Digital Archive (regularly – weekly/monthly)Digital Conversion (Collection)Artifacts represent integration of technology in one curriculum area (i.e., Language Arts) Stored in GoogleDocs
Level 2Collection/Reflection (Immediate Reflection on Learning & Artifacts in Collection) (regularly) organized chronologically (in a blog?)Captions (Background Information on assignment, Response)Artifacts represent integration of technology in most curriculum areas (i.e., Language Arts, Social Studies, Science, Math) (in GoogleDocs?)
Grade 3-5 classroom in Portland using Evernote. Scanner wirelessly emails documents to each student’s Evernote account. Use of tags, software recognizes text in scanned docs.
Level 3Selection/Reflection and Direction (each semester? End of year?) organized thematically (in web pages or wiki)Why did I choose these pieces? What am I most proud to highlight about my work?What do they show about my learning? What more can I learn (Goals for the Future)?Presentation (annually)
BUT! “Portfolios should be less about tellingand more about talking!” Julie Hughes, University of WolverhamptonLearning is a Conversation. (Chris Betcher)
Using "Free" Online Toolsfor ePortfolio Development:Web 2.0 and socialnetworking tools(plus mobiles) Dr. Helen Barrett EIFEL Conference July9, 2012electronicportfolios.org/slideshare.net/eportfolios/ Hashtag: #eportfolios Account: @eportfolios
Key Concepts in Workshop • What? Context & Definitions • Why? Purpose – Reflection – Identity Development – Online Branding • How? Tools – Web 2.0 Tools – Mobile Devices • Q&A
WHAT ARE INTERACTIVE PORTFOLIOS?Portfolios using Web 2.0 tools to:• reflect on learning in multiple formats• showcase work online to multiple audiences• dialogue about learning artifacts/reflections• provide feedback to improve learning
Simon Sinek’sGolden Circle product process motivation 4
What is a Portfolio?• Dictionary definition: a flat, portable case for carrying loose papers, drawings, etc.• Financial portfolio: document accumulation of fiscal capital• Educational portfolio: document development of human capital
+Electronic• digital artifacts organized online combining various media (audio/video/text/images)• interactivity/conversation/feedba ck
Electronic Portfolios• almost two decades (since 1991)• used primarily in education to – store documents – reflect on learning – feedback for improvement – showcase achievements for accountability or employment
Social networks• last five years –store documents and share experiences, –showcase accomplishments, –communicate and collaborate – facilitate employment searches
Process/Product ePortfoliois both process and product” Process: A series of events (time and effort) to produce a result - From Old French proces Portfolio as Journey Workspace Product: the outcome/results or “thinginess” of an activity/process Destination Portfolio as Wiktionary Showcase
Multiple Purposes from Hidden Assumptions What are yours? • Showcase • Assessment • Learning •http://www.rsc-northwest.ac.uk/acl/eMagArchive/RSCeMag2008/choosing%20an%20eportfolio/cool-cartoon- 346082.png
Digital Identity• Creating a positive digital footprint
Purpose • The overarching purpose of portfolios is to create a sense of personal ownership over one’s accomplishments, because ownership engenders feelings of pride, responsibility, and dedication. (p.10) • Paris, S & Ayres, L. (1994) Becoming Reflective Students and Teachers. American Psychological Association
Passion and Self-Directed LearningLisa Nielsen’s “The Innovative Educator” blog entries:• Preparing Students for Success by Helping Them Discover and Develop Their Passions (Renzulli’s Total Talent Portfolio)• 10 Ways Technology Supports 21st Century Learners in Being Self Directed http://theinnovativeeducator.blogspot.com/
Managing Oneself Peter Drucker, (2005) Harvard Business Review• “Success in the • What are my strengths? knowledge economy • How do I perform? comes to those who • What are my values? know themselves – their strengths, their • Where do I belong? values, and how best • What should I contribute? they perform.” • Responsibility for• Purpose: Use Relationships ePortfolios for • The Second Half of your managing knowledge Life workers career development
Reflection• Source: http://peterpappas.blogs.co m/copy_paste/2010/01/tax onomy-reflection-critical- thinking-students-teachers- principals-.html• Based on Bloom’s Taxonomy (Revised)
Self-Regulated Learning Abrami, P., et. al. (2008), Encouraging self-regulated learning through electronic portfolios. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, V34(3) Fall 2008. http://www.cjlt.ca/index.php/cjlt/article/viewArticle/507/238 Captions/Journals Blog MobilesBlog Pages Web Sites
Deep Learning • involves reflection, • is developmental, • is integrative, • is self-directive, and • is lifelong Cambridge (2004)
The Learning CycleDavid Kolb from Dewey, Piaget, Lewin, adapted by Zull
Experiential Learning Model Lewin/Kolb with adaptations by Moon and ZullPractice Have an experience Reflect on the experienceTry out what youhave learned Metacognition Learn from the experience
“metacognition lies at the root of all learning”“…self-knowledge, awareness of how and whywe think as we do, and the ability to adapt and learn, are critical to our survival as individuals…”James Zull (2011) From Brain to Mind:Using Neuroscience to GuideChange in Education (Stylus Publishers)
Action -> Discovery -> Joy• Action and Exploration lead to Discovery• Discovery leads to Joy“The ultimate outcome of the journey is to understand our own understanding.” (p.15) (metacognition)“Emotional links generate motivation… Zull (2011) From Brain to Mind: The brain rewards itself with joy.” Using Neuroscience to Guide Change in Education. Stylus (p.17) Publishing
Balancing the Two Faces of E-PortfoliosWorking Portfolio Presentation Portfolio(s)Digital Archive Docs The “Story” or Narrative (Repository of Artifacts)Collaboration Space Sites Multiple Views (public/private)Reflective Journal Blog Varied Audiences & PurposesPortfolio as Process Portfolio as ProductWorkspace Showcase
Structure of E-Portfolio Types• Portfolio as Process/ • Portfolio as Product/ Workspace Showcase – Organization: Chronological – blog – Organization: Thematic – Documenting Documenting growth over achievement of Standards, Goals time for both internal and or Learning Outcomes for external audiences primarily external audiences website – Primary Purpose: – Primary Purpose: Learning or Reflection Accountability or Employment or Showcase – Reflection: immediate – Reflection: retrospective focus on artifact or learning focus on Standards, Goals or experience Learning Outcomes (Themes) mobiles
Mobile Touch:A Guide to Implementing Mobile E-learning in Your Organisation
Capture the Moment with Mobile Phones • SMS messages • Camera – Twitter posts – Still – Facebook updates – video
Why Mobile is a Must• Kids today are captivated by the personalization and socialization of online tools--the ability to build large networks of friends; share their thoughts, feelings, and goals; and communicate as they wish. …And not only is it possible, its possible anytime and anywhere, via a plethora of devices and widely available cellular and WiFi networks.• The upshot is, these digital natives now have in their hands the tools to shape their own education in once unimagined ways. They have the ability to interact with other learners at their convenience, with differences in time and place presenting no hurdle. They can research, on the spot, any topic of interest. And they can capture the moment, whether its in a picture, a video, or a blog entry. • -- Mary McCaffrey “Why Mobile is a Must” T.H.E. Journal http://thejournal.com/articles/2011/02/08/why-mobile-is-a-must.aspx
Posted on ePortfolio Conversations Google Group:• Question: How to collect evidence of informal learning rather than formal education.• Response: "Start with SMS [on mobile phones] - it’s the morse code of the present generation... and it works.”
What functions can be achieved with mobile phones for each of these processes?• Capturing & storing evidence - this evidence of learning can be in the form of text, images, audio or video• Reflecting - “the heart and soul of a portfolio” - this reflection could be captured in real time in different formats: writing, voice capture (and voice-to-text conversion), video capture and digital stories• Giving & receiving feedback - one of the most effective uses of a portfolio is to review a learner’s work and providing feedback for improvement• Planning & setting goals - a very important part of the portfolio process is personal development planning and setting goals for achievement• Collaborating - learning is a social activity - technology provides new forms of collaboration• Presenting to an audience - at specific points in the learning process, a learner may put together a presentation of their learning outcomes for an audience, either real or virtual
Mobile Web is becoming the Personal Learning Environment of the “Net Generation”Learning that is…oSocial and ParticipatoryoLifelong and Life WideoIncreasingly Self-DirectedoMotivating and Engagingo… and Online all the time!
Speak-to-Tweet• SayNow.com bought by Google, January 25, 2011
Twittermicro-blogging “tiny bursts of learning”
Blogging* by eMail *the act of sharing yourselfTumblr Posterous• Set up account on website • Just email to• Send email to: firstname.lastname@example.org myaccount.tumblr.com • iPhone App• iPhone App • Cross-post to Facebook&• Call in your posts for audio Twitter post to blog• Cross-post to Facebook& Twitter
Post to from Mobile Phones• Send email to pre-arranged email address• Use BlogPressiOS app ($2.99)• Set up Blogger Mobile and send SMS
Evernote One Account, Many Devices • Capture Anything • Access Anywhere • Find Things Fast • Capture something in one place -- access it from another • Web page accessEmailing your memoriesEmail notes, snapshots, and audio directly into your account.Emailed notes will go directly into your default notebook.
Evernote• All in one recording/saving to Evernote Account (email address)• Grades 3-5, Trillium Charter School, Portland (see my blog) iPod Touch4 $239 & Lexmark Pinnacle Pro901 $199
Case Study: Grades 3-5Trillium Charter School, Portland, ORhttp://blog.helenbarrett.org/2011/06/evernote-for-intermediate-portfolios.htmliPod Touch 4
Web Authoring Tools that can be “branded” with your own domain (annually)• Weebly.com ($40)• Webs.com ($100)• Yola.com ($100)• Apps.google.com ($10+)• Squarespace.com ($144+)• WordPress.com ($12-$17)
Why?• Integrated EcoSystem• Single Sign-On• Walled Garden• Transferable
Creating an ePortfolio with GoogleApps1. Storage = Google Docs2. Reflective Journal = Blogger or Google Sites Announcements page type3. Presentation = Google Sites
Mobile Phone Appsfor E-Portfolios U.K. Metacognitives Mahara PortfolioUP(m ore tools under development in U Minnesota Duluth OSPI N.Z)
Student examples• Hunter Park Kindergarten & Abigails E- Profile (NZ) – Blogger• Kim Cofino’s 6th graders (Japan) - Blogger• Pt. England School (NZ) - Blogger• Ryan’s Senior Project (US) – Google Sites• My Google Sites Presentation Portfolio
*Reflection REAL*Engagement ePortfolioAssessment for Academy for K-12Learning Teachers
Online Course Available1. Intro to Student-Centered Electronic Portfolios in K-12 Education (tool-neutral – focus on “Portfolio” Reflection Process & Feedback) – online NOW2. Supplemental modules: – Implement Electronic Portfolios with K-12 Students using Google Apps (Docs, Sites, Blogger, YouTube, Picasa, Digication, Teacher Dashboard) (Focus on “Electronic”) – Implement Electronic Portfolios with K-12 Students using Mobile Devices (iOS, Android) – Create Your Professional Portfolio (tool neutral)
My Final Wish… Your e-portfolios become dynamic celebrations & stories of deep learning across the lifespan. Thank You! 80
DR. HELEN BARRETTResearcher & ConsultantElectronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide LearningFounding FacultyREAL*ePortfolio Academy for K-12 Teachers*Reflection, Engagement, Assessment for Learningeportfolios@gmail.comhttp://electronicportfolios.org/Twitter: @eportfolioshttp://slideshare.net/eportfolios