Exploring the Open Source Movement


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Behind our social networks, the government of China, and even the French National Police is open source software. Both the GNU movement spearheaded by Richard Stallman and the inception of Linux contributed greatly to a more global community of software volunteers. Although open source is influential in shaping how we interact as human beings in the 21st century, it is equally mysterious to many more. To better understand how to take FOSS movement further, we could use a bit of its history.

In my presentation, I will cover:
* the relevance of open source today
* the origins of the open source movement
* the stories of Richard Stallman and Linus Torvalds
* the key ideologies of open source

Presented on February 22, 2014 at SCALE 12X.

Published in: Technology
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Exploring the Open Source Movement

  1. 1. Exploring the Open Source Movement By John Kim 02/22/14
  2. 2. Objectives 1.Open Source Today 2.Origins of Open Source 3.Linus Torvalds and Richard Stallman 4.Key Ideologies
  3. 3. 1. Open Source Today
  4. 4. Examples
  5. 5. Significance “No matter who you are, most of the smartest people work for someone else.” -Bill Joy, cofounder of Sun Microsystems
  6. 6. 2. Origins of Open Source
  7. 7. The First Hackers Baroque age of hackerdom ●The term “hacker” comes from MIT's computer culture ●ARPAnet ●PDP-10's ●Stanford, Carnegie Mellon, and MIT lead the way ●XEROX PARC and mailing lists ●
  8. 8. Rise of Unix
  9. 9. Rise of Unix '70s: Classical age of hackerdom ●Early Unix adopters used PDP-11s and VAX ●UUCP ●Usenet ●
  10. 10. Microcomputer Revolution Microcomputer enthusiasts wanted to bring computers to the masses ●First personal computer released (1975) ●Apple founded (1977) ●BASIC ●
  11. 11. Proprietary & Free Unixes '80s: A major transition between three groups ●Ethernet and Motorola 68000 ●Unix gains X Window System and “flavours” ●Decline of Proprietary Unix ●Dawn of Free Unixes ●
  12. 12. Why was Linux Successful? ● Cathedral Model ● Bazaar Model ● Linux proved that the Bazaar model works
  13. 13. What about MC Revolution? ● Windows 3.1 (1992) ● Not a “network nation” ● Development tools didn't come by default
  14. 14. 3. Pivotal Figures
  15. 15. Richard Stallman
  16. 16. RMS's Contributions
  17. 17. RMS's Impact
  18. 18. Linus Torvalds
  19. 19. Accidental Revolutionary “What would you like to see in Minix? -Linus Torvalds, August 25, 1991, on comp.os.minix “Linux is Obsolete” -Andrew Tanenbaum, 1996, on comp.os.minix
  20. 20. Linus's Impact
  21. 21. 4. Key Ideologies
  22. 22. General Public License (GPL) 1. Make source code of copylefted software freely available. 2. Same code could be used elsewhere. 3. Users free to do whatever they want with software.
  23. 23. GPL's Impact ● ● Robust, free software Hotbed for aspiring coders.
  24. 24. Final Thoughts
  25. 25. Suggested Reading
  26. 26. Contact Me John Kim thinkndev@gmail.com Twitter: @epikvision Google+: +JohnKim96