Han Dynasty

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Key aspects of the Han dynasty

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Han Dynasty

  1. 1. Han Dynasty 202 BCE - 220 CE
  2. 2. Beginnings <ul><li>Qin “looses the mandate” </li></ul><ul><li>Revolts in central China </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocrats revolt </li></ul>
  3. 3. Liu Bang <ul><li>Army lieutenant defeats last Qin emperor and his leader </li></ul><ul><li>Founds Han Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Man of the people - common roots, realized the importance of maintaining popular suport. </li></ul><ul><li>Did away with Qin legalism but maintained strong central power </li></ul><ul><li>Revived Confucian learning and applied Confucian principles to government. </li></ul><ul><li>Did NOT restore power to aristocracy. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Threats <ul><li>Internal - distant states under Han rule were hard to govern. </li></ul><ul><li>External - Xiong-nu (aka Huns) - nomads from the north </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wage attacks on (& through) the great wall. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As Xiong-ne came closer to Changan, Liu Bang offere a Chinese princess to marry the son of the Xiong-nu leader and gave silk, liquor, rice, and money. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xiong-nu will be a menace, off and on, until 52 BC. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Wu Di <ul><li>Expanded borders </li></ul><ul><li>Palace Writers System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Writers write the emperors decrees and orders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine which documents get to the emperor. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Gov’t Appointments <ul><li>Beginnings of Exam System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommended men took a written exam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grand Master of Ceremonies graded the papers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The king looked at the scores and made final selection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Demanded the best from high ranking officials and generals. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Zhang Qian <ul><li>Traveled north to seek an alliance against the Xiong-nu </li></ul><ul><li>Captured by the Xiong-nu & held for 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>After escaping he continued on his original mission. </li></ul><ul><li>The tribe he sought had moved on, so he tracked them down in Afghanistan. </li></ul><ul><li>They didn’t want anything to do with China. </li></ul><ul><li>Failure? China became more aware of the world to the west. </li></ul><ul><li>Zhang Qian is sent out to explore again and finds opportunities to trade. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Life under Wu Di <ul><li>Maintained permanent defense on great wall using smoke and flag signals. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular mail delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>Trained police dogs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Scary Times 87 BC - 23 AD <ul><li>After Wu Di died, a corrupt general had control and disrupted his systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Several people around the palace vied for favors. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Wang Mang 9-23 AD <ul><li>Seizes power and attempts to form a new dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Makes all land gov’t land and redistributes it to peasants. </li></ul><ul><li>Chaos insues - the system of land distribution fails. </li></ul><ul><li>Major flood further complicates life. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Red Eyebrow Revolt <ul><li>Led by Mother Lu </li></ul><ul><li>Painted their faces to look like demons </li></ul><ul><li>Argued that Wang Mang did not have the Mandate of Heaven. </li></ul><ul><li>Wang Mang was killed. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Guang Wu Di <ul><li>Ended revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocrats and officials who were causing problems were mostly dead. </li></ul><ul><li>Moved capital to Luoyang (flooding in Changan) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ban Chao <ul><li>Explorer for Guang Wu Di </li></ul><ul><li>Finds the Caspian Sea </li></ul><ul><li>97 AD - visits Persia (modern Iran/Iraq) </li></ul><ul><li>Began to trade silk through Persia to Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn about Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Both China and Rome consider themselves center of the universe and exist independently. </li></ul>
  14. 14. End of Han <ul><li>180’s AD - Floods along Yellow River </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow Turbans - group of frustrated poor people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daoist - desire to create a place of great peace where all are equal and share everything. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other groups revolt as well. </li></ul><ul><li>190’s AD Powerful generals sack and burn the capital. </li></ul><ul><li>Empire splits into 3 pieces. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Han Poetry
  16. 16. Poem Without a Category <ul><li>Office work: a wearisome jumble; </li></ul><ul><li>Racing the writing brush, no time to eat, </li></ul><ul><li>Sun slanting down but never a break; </li></ul><ul><li>Swamped and muddled in records and reports, </li></ul><ul><li>Head spinning till it’s senseless and numb- </li></ul><ul><li>I leave off and go west of the wall, </li></ul><ul><li>Climb the height and let my eyes roam; </li></ul><ul><li>Square embankments hold back the clear water </li></ul><ul><li>Wild ducks and geese at rest in the middle- </li></ul><ul><li>Where can I get a pair of whirring wings </li></ul><ul><li>So I can join you to bob on the waves? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Li Furen <ul><li>The sound of her silk skirt has stopped. </li></ul><ul><li>On the marble pavement dust grows. </li></ul><ul><li>Her empty room is cold and still. </li></ul><ul><li>Fallen leaves are piled against the doors. </li></ul><ul><li>Longing for that lovely lady </li></ul><ul><li>How can I bring my aching heart to rest? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Speaking My Mind <ul><li>The Great Way - simple as it is, </li></ul><ul><li>Few spy out its secrets… </li></ul><ul><li>From times past, ties and entanglements… </li></ul><ul><li>These hundred worries - what are they? </li></ul><ul><li>All that’s most important rests in you! </li></ul><ul><li>Hand your woes to the sky above, </li></ul><ul><li>Bury your troubles in the ground, </li></ul><ul><li>Flout and discard the Five Classics, </li></ul><ul><li>Put an end to the songs. </li></ul><ul><li>And those muddled scraps that are the hundred philosophers- </li></ul><ul><li>Consign them please to the flames!… </li></ul>
  19. 19. At Fifteen I Joined the Army <ul><li>At fifteen I joined the army, </li></ul><ul><li>At eighty I first came home. </li></ul><ul><li>On the road I met a villager, </li></ul><ul><li>“At my home what kin are there?” </li></ul><ul><li>“Look over there-that’s your home!” </li></ul><ul><li>Pine, cypress, burial mounds piled, piled high… </li></ul><ul><li>The inner garden grown wild with corn… </li></ul><ul><li>I leave by the gates, look east. </li></ul><ul><li>Tears fall and soak my clothes. </li></ul>

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