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Peter jarvis burnse


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Peter Jarvis Learning Theory

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Peter jarvis burnse

  1. 1. Learning Process Theory Elizabeth P. Burns Walden UniversityRichard W. Riley School of Education and Leadership Adult Education Program 1
  2. 2. Learning Objectives Define Jarvis’ Learning Process Theory. Who influenced Jarvis Learning Process. The major components of the learning process. The three stages of learning. How Jarvis’ Process relate to adult learners & educators. 2
  3. 3. Introduction and Background  British scholar, researcher, and speaker.  Professor of Continuing Education in UK.  Adjunct Professor at University of Georgia.  Authored and edited 200 articles.  Critiqued more than 30 books. 3
  4. 4. Reflections 4
  5. 5. Life Situation Reflect on a time in your life when you were faced with a situation you were unprepared to handle.
  6. 6. Right or Wrong Decision Did the reflection or situation lead you to think you made the right or the wrong decision? 6
  7. 7. EmotionsWhat emotion(s) did you feel from this reflection? 7
  8. 8. Change Did your reflection change your behavior and how you now view the world? 8
  9. 9. New LearningDid you learnsomething thatwould be usefullater in life? 9
  10. 10. Role of the Adult LearnerAdults learn as a whole person.Adults bring prior knowledge, experience, and personal history.Adults understand the “whys” of life.Adults are able to make sense of life situations. 10
  11. 11. Jarvis Learning Process “is the combination of processes where the whole person experiences social situations, in which the content is transformed and integrated into the individuals biography resulting in a changed or more experienced person.” 11
  12. 12. Who influenced Jarvis Learning Process Model? David Kolbs Experiential Learning Theory Learning entails four elements: Concrete experience Observation and reflection Formation of abstract concepts Testing in new situation 12
  13. 13. Four Elements of Kolbs Theory 13
  14. 14. Jarvis’s Learning Process Model Built on foundation from Kolbs theory. Begins with adult life experience or life situation. Links the whole person. – mind, body, self, and life history Causes a disjuncture between persons biography and the experience. 14
  15. 15. Learning Process Chart 15
  16. 16. Jarvis’ Three Stages of Learning No-Learning Non-Reflective learning Reflective Learning 16
  17. 17. Non-Learning Stage No learning takes place. Only three responses: – Presumption – Non-consideration – Rejection 17
  18. 18. Non-Reflective Stage Some learning occurs. The person: – experiences pre- conscious – practices the experience – memorizes the experience or new information
  19. 19. Reflective Learning Stage The learner now reflects on what has taken place. Three types -Contemplation -Reflective -Experiential 19
  20. 20. Reflective Stage – “Life Experience” 20
  21. 21. How does Jarvis Model relates to adult learners? Affects person positively or negatively . Person learns new meaning of the world and events. Person has changed, become more experienced, more able to cope with life situations or problems. 21
  22. 22. Role of the EducatorHelp adults make sense of daily life.Link explanations and illustrations.Link activities to experiences.Be creative. 22
  23. 23. Summary Adult learning begins with an experience. Learner senses have been transformed. Learner advances to the next stage of lifelong learners. 23
  24. 24. ReferencesInternational Adult and Continuing Education Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 12, 2013 from, P. (1987). Adult learning in the social context. New York: Croom Helm (Retrieved 3/7/2013 from, P. (2006). Towards a comprehensive theory of human learning: Lifelong learning and the learning society (Vol. 1). London & New York: Routledge.Jarvis, P. Retrieved from, D. A. (1984). 24
  25. 25. References (con’t)Merriam, S. B., Caffarella, R. S., & Baumgartner, L. M. (2007). Learning in adulthood: A comprehensive guide (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-BassPicture retrieved from eter_jarvis.jpg on 3/20/2013.Video clips retrieved from on 3/29/2013. 25