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Indonesia Conservation Finance Strategies

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By Direktur Kehutanan dan Konservasi Sumber Daya Air
Bappenas

Published in: Environment
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Indonesia Conservation Finance Strategies

  1. 1. Indonesia Conservation Finance Strategies Disampaikan pada Inception Meeting EPASS 2016 Novotel, 19 November 2015 Direktur Kehutanan dan Konservasi Sumber Daya Air Bappenas
  2. 2. | Konteks Indonesia a. Target pembangunan sektor kehutanan program konservasi sumber daya alam dan ekosistem begitu ambisius ① Kegiatan-kegiatan terkait dengan peningkatan populasi 25 species terancam punah ② Pembangunan santuary ③ Operasionalisasi KPHK ④ Jumlah desa di daerah penyangga ⑤ Luas Community Conservation Areas 100.000 ha ⑥ Paket data dan informasi setiap kawasan konservasi ⑦ Peningkatan efektivitas pengelolaan  nilai METT 70 ⑧ Restorasi ekosistem b. Dukungan pendanaan pemerintah yang kurang memadai Dibutuhkan alternatif pendanaan berkelanjutan untuk investasi di kegiatan konservasi 1
  3. 3. | Anggaran untuk pengelolaan kawasan konservasi Indonesia 2 Luas kawasan konservasi Indonesia 22 juta hektar Rata-rata anggaran per tahun sekitar Rp 1,5 trilyun Anggaran pengelolaan per hektar kawasan konservasi = Rp 68.000,00/hektar
  4. 4. | Key questions on Resource Mobilization for Biodiversity 1. What has materilized in the past (Indonesia and World)? 2. What will likely happen in the future? 3. What funding action the global community may take to influence the future course of financial development? 4. What Indonesia should prepare to have an innovative financial instrument for biodiversity?
  5. 5. | Limited Government of Indonesia Spending for Biodiversity – From Forestry Sector Program Dukungan Manajemen dan Pelaksanaan Tugas Teknis Lainnya Kementerian Kehutanan; 622,3 ; 11% Program Pengawasan dan Peningkatan Akuntabilitas Aparatur Kementerian Kehutanan; 56,7 ; 1% Program Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kementerian Kehutanan; 329,7 ; 6% Program Bina Hutan Produksi dan Usaha Kehutanan; 991,9 ; 18% Program Bina Hutan Lindung dan Pengelolaan DAS; 1.000,8 ; 18% Program Pengelolaan Hutan Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Hayati; 1.656,7 ; 30% Program Perencanaan Makro Bidang Kehutanan dan Pemantapan Kawasan Hutan; 500,9 ; 9% Program Penyuluhan dan Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Kehutanan; 415,8 ; 7% Total Dana Kemhut 2015: Rp. 5,574.9 triliun Ministry of Forestry 2015
  6. 6. | Sources of Resource Mobilization: 1. Public: ▪ Internal (nationally allocated) ▪ International (Bilateral and Multilateral Aid) ▪ Non-markets: Fiscal incentives * Biodiversity-related aid is defined as activities that promote at least one of the three objectives of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD): – the conservation of biodiversity, – sustainable use of its components (ecosystems, species or genetic resources), or – fair and equitable sharing of the benefits of the utilization of genetic resources. 2. Private Sector: ▪ CSR and Market Based Instrument
  7. 7. | Mekanisme Pendanaan APBN • Belanja K/L • Dana Perimbangan • Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK) • Dana Dekonsentrasi dan Tugas Pembantuan • Performance-Based Grant (Dana Insentif Kinjera) • Dana hibah/pinjaman yang diteruskan (on granting/on lending) • Insentif dan Disinsentif Fiskal ▪ Investment Allowance ▪ Tax Holiday ▪ Pembebasan Bea Masuk ▪ PPN Terutang, Dibebaskan atau Tidak dipungut • Penyertaan modal pemerintah ▪ Dana bergulir (revolving fund) ▪ Jaminan pemerintah (government guarantee) • Indonesia Green Investment Fund (IGIF) 6
  8. 8. | Tools for Financing Conservation Source: Bayon et al., Financing Biodiversity Conservation, 2000 7
  9. 9. | Bridging Ambitious Strategies and Less Funds 8 Indonesia Conservation Fund Sources of Funds: • International supports • CSR • Phylantrophic Protecting and conserving Indonesia biodiversity Government budget National parks Communities KPHKs Gov agencies NGOs
  10. 10. | 3 types of Conservation Fund Strategy funds Dana yang dimandatkan untuk mendukung program konservasi di tingkat nasional, seperti RPJMN dan Renstra 9 Parks funds Dana yang digunakan untuk mendukung kegiatan- kegiatan pengelolaan Taman Nasional dan KPHK Grant funds Dana yang didiperuntukkan bagi LSM dan kelompok masyarakat untuk membantu upaya konservasi
  11. 11. | With heavy pressures from subsidy, foreign and domestic loan repayment, and other commitments on education, health and infrastructures,… it is difficult to rely upon Indonesia national budget to cover Biodiversity funding need.
  12. 12. | TERIMA KASIH 11

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