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The challenging future of open education final [modalità compatibilità]


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My keynote speech at Eurocall 2012 -
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The challenging future of open education final [modalità compatibilità]

  1. 1. Photo by Ricardo Fernández Ferreras ttp:// The challenging future of open education Eleonora Pantò – CSP ICT Innovation Digital Media & Contents Manager LEARNING THROUGH SHARING: OPEN RESOURCES, OPEN PRACTICES, OPEN COMMUNICATION University of Bologna, CILTA 29-30 March 2012
  2. 2. Education is more accessible than ever before inhuman history, thanks entirely to the Internet.Islamic Peace by Trey Ratcliff.
  3. 3. Multiscreen Learning
  4. 4. The digital revolution of Prosumer M.C. Escher, Drawing hands, 1948
  5. 5. 2001-2008FIRST STEPS
  6. 6. 1998- David WyleyOpen Content- Applying todigital contents the sameconcept of Open Sources FLOSS 1998- New licence- Open Public licence Intellectual Elearning1994- Wayne Hodgins PropertyReusable learning object ,standard and remixable
  7. 7. 4 R Models forOERReuseRedistributeReviseRemix
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Started in 1999Focused on thetextbook: openand modifiable•1700 authors•1.2 millions usermonth•190 countries
  10. 10. 2002- UNESCO Conference•OER - Digitized educationalmaterials offered freely andopenly for use and re-use inteaching, learning andresearch•Unesco Virtual University,500 participants from 90countries•OER WIKI Unesco Community•“OER - The Way Forward”translated in 12 languages
  11. 11. 2009-2012BEYOND THE CONTENTS
  12. 12. Capetown declaration (2008) Open education is not limited to just open educational resources. It also draws upon open technologies that facilitate collaborative, flexible learning and the open sharing of teaching practices that empower educators to benefit from the best ideas of their colleagues. It may also grow to include new approaches to assessment, accreditation and collaborative learning
  13. 13.
  14. 14. The OpenCourseWare Consortium has indexed more than 4000 high quality university level coursesHeller, 2010; OpenCourseWare Consortium: Online
  15. 15. The OpenLearn website hosted by the British Open University provides free access to over 8000 hours of learning materials(Open University: Online )
  16. 16. More than 6000 journals are listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals. of Open Access Journals: 2011.
  17. 17. FlatworldKnowledge , theworlds firstcommercialpublisher ofopen textbookslist over 74textbooks intheir catalogueas of December2010. (Wikipedia2011: Online)
  18. 18.
  19. 19. OPEN EDUCATION PRACTICESOpen Educational Practices (OEP) are defined aspractices which support the production, use andreuse of high quality open educational resources(OER) through institutional policies, which promoteinnovative pedagogical models, and respect andempower learners as co-producers on their lifelonglearning path.OEP address the whole OER governancecommunity: policy makers, managers andadministrators of organizations, educationalprofessionals and learners.
  20. 20. MOOC Massive Open Online Course“You are NOT expected to read and watch everything.Even we, the facilitators, cannot do that. Instead,what you should do is PICK AND CHOOSE contentthat looks interesting to you and is appropriate foryou. If it looks too complicated, don’t read it. If itlooks boring, move on to the next item.”The learning outcomes will, consequently, “bedifferent for each person.”
  21. 21. The future of higher education /What Does 2009 Hold? Another Pentax?
  22. 22. 75% of public higher learning institutions haveonline education in their long-term plansBy 2019, it is estimated than 50% of all class taughtwill be delivered online and many of these will bedelivered for freeCambridge University Photo by Extramedium
  23. 23. Today online education is a $34 billion industry:O Photo By Mohammed Alnaser
  24. 24. Is it only about flexibility and lower cost ?
  25. 25. Your institution will be irrelevant by 2020
  26. 26. Edupunk“an approach toteaching that avoidsmainstream tools likePowerpoint andBlackboard, andinstead aims to bringthe rebellious attitudeand D.I.Y. ethos of’70s bands like theClash to theclassroom” Jim Groom
  27. 27. Changing the attitudes of teacher
  28. 28. According to UNESCO(2009), there were almost153 million post-secondarystudents worldwide in2007, a 53% increase sincethe year 2000 and a fivefoldincrease in less than 40years.The demand for highereducation is predicted toexpand from 97 millionstudents in2000 to over 262 millionstudents by 2025.
  29. 29. India alone would need nearly 2400 additional universitiesin the next 25 years – or roughly two new universities perweek
  30. 30. Contents
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33. In the time it takes to brew a cup of coffee, youcould be printing a book
  34. 34.
  35. 35. Assessment &Accreditation
  36. 36. If there are 500M OER in the world, we need something onthe order of 1.5B OAR
  37. 37.
  38. 38.
  39. 39. The OER university concept. Adapted from Taylor 2007.
  40. 40. European model
  41. 41. Self Accreditation
  42. 42.
  43. 43. Sustainability
  44. 44. Since 2004 23 million of $
  45. 45. “People around the world have gone crazy for this opportunity. Fully two-thirds of my 160,000 classmates live outside the US. There are students in 190 countries— from India and South Korea to New Zealand and the Republic of Azerbaijan. More than 100 volunteers have signed up to translate the lectures into 44 languages, including Bengali. In Iran, where YouTube is blocked, one student cloned the CS221 class website and—with the professors’ permission—began reposting the video files for 1,000 students.”
  46. 46. In 50 years, there will be only 10 institutions in the world delivering higher education and Udacity has a shot at being one of them. Sebastian Thrun
  47. 47. A special focus to Italy• Lack of institutional project for OER• We don’t have an open university• Coo-petition is far away• No culture about sharing.. Education materials are the assets of University
  48. 48. Learning forfree or free learning?
  49. 49. The real challenge is to give everyone the sameopportunities /School Children in Balata Refugee Camp
  50. 50. Credits• A special thanks to Antonio Fini for his inspiring presentation• Thanks to David Wyley, Stephen Downes, George Siemens, Jim Groom, Philips Schmidt, Susan D’Antoni - inspirers and supporters of the open education movement DisclaimerThis presentation uses low-resolution images for educational andscientific purposes and not for profit, as provided by Italian Law 2 of 2008.This presentation is licensed under CC BY-SA ITA 2.5
  51. 51. References• Giving knowledge for free – The emergence of open educational resources –OECD (2007),3343,en_2649_35845581_38659497_1_1_1_1 ,00.html• Opening Up Education The Collective Advancement of Education through Open Technology, Open Content, and Open Knowledge Edited by Toru Iiyoshi and M. S. Vijay Kumar, Foreword by John Seely Brown, MIT Press, 2008• OER HANDBOOK for EDUCATOR v.1.0 -• OER COMMONS• Wikieducator• OER blogs• OER Toolkit• David Wiley, Seth Gurrell, A decade of development… in Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, Volume 24, Issue 1 February 2009 , pages 11 - 21• OER U -• My collection of link on Delicious regarding OER
  52. 52. Thank you!Eleonora Pantò –eleonora.panto@csp.itCSP ICT InnovationDigital Media & ContentsManagerRegistered and Central Offices Via Nizza, 15010126 TorinoTel +39 011 4815111Fax +39 011 4815001