Using Active Reading Strategies Palombo 2012-2013
Ask yourself pre-reading strategies• Think about:• What is the topic, and what do you know what about it?• How does it connect to what we have been doing in class?
Identify and Define Any New Terms• PLEASE look up a word you do not understand! – The dictionary, dictionary.com
Main Idea• Bracket the main idea or thesis of the reading, and put an asterisk next to it. Pay particular attention to the introduction or opening paragraphs to locate this information.• You should also bracket the main idea(s) of the chapters when reading a novel.
Annotating the Text• Write questions in the margins, and then answer the questions in a reading journal or on a separate piece of paper. If you’re reading a textbook, try changing all the titles, subtitles, sections and paragraph headings into questions.• Re-write the main idea in your own words!• Underline only the key points
Annotating Continued• Harvard’s library even told incoming students: “ First of all, throw away the highlighter in favor of a pen or pencil. Highlighting can actually distract you from the business of learning and dilute your comprehension. In actual fact, it can lure to you into a dangerous passivity”( 2005).•• WHY ANNOTATE?• It keeps students focused and engaged with the texts.• It makes comprehension a little more conscious and intentional.• When a text becomes difficult, annotating helps to heighten your awareness.• To remember information for later discussion and application•• THE TWO TIPS TO USEFUL ANNOTATING• For students to annotate in a way that empowers later discussion, they must to do two things:• Mark ONLY the most important sections• Stop and write down their thinking in their words.
Graphic Organizers• Make outlines, flow charts, or diagrams that help you to map and to understand ideas visually.• See worksheet
Determine the Main Idea• Read each paragraph carefully and then determine "what it says" and “what it does.” Answer “what it says” in only one sentence. Represent the main idea of the paragraph in your own words. To answer “what it does,” describe the paragraph’s purpose within the text, such as “provides evidence for the author’s first main reason” or “introduces an opposing view.”
Summarizing• Write a summary of an essay or chapter in your own words. Do this in less than a page. Capture the essential ideas and perhaps one or two key examples. This approach offers a great way to be sure that you know what the reading really says or is about.• Write your own exam question based on the reading.