Eileen O’Connor, Ph.D.Eileen.oconnor@esc.edu             March 2013
   Review of instructor course evolution, with    increasing digital literacies –       The goal—to improve science-teac...
Explore new                          technology -                          • Ie. YouTube; digital                         ...
Online can be more than simply text &                          discussion boardsVisual learning; dual coding theories; mul...
 To close the gap-move beyond writing  proxies (aka lesson plans) in science teacher  education Students were required t...
Value to using YouTube, in general    Easily        • Accessible to most students                  • Useful especially wit...
 Instruction? Sharing? The―technology‖ is easy – but how do you direct and assess a performance?
HOW CAN “WORKING    TOWARDS PUBLIC    SHARING” IMPROVE    TEACHING &    LEARNING?     Teams developed support wikis / vote...
The assignment                    Plan & create                    wiki w/ team         process  Final vote of            ...
Instructor Evaluation of wiki                         Team 1                 Team 2                  Team 3           Team...
Students comment on team work– some have misgivings                                                                  % (#)...
• School endorsement? Ongoing updating?Web issues      Professional presence?              • No longer simply content prov...
So, how might you use peer- reviewed wikis/websites to improve instruction? What topics / assignments would you have  stu...
Establishing peer reviews –              with badges – can increase            interest & distributed learningMotivation t...
Grad course                        •Create, model, make                         criteria, require, assess                 ...
   REAL connections with & support for    science (Cornell; www.globe.gov;    www.nasa.gov)   Science literacy; science ...
   During an Emerging Technology course    students award badges to Prezi, Facebook,    Websites, YouTubes and such as th...
-- Encourage reflection around                 course criteria? -- Provide evidence of outside-   the-course accomplishmen...
Where, how, & why can virtualrealities create moreengagement, ownership,context, & community?   With infinite application...
MAT Science Center – meetings &presentationsand, meeting the Dean
Students across the stategive virtual presentations
Posters: presented to the class & to judges(former students) > votes too
Teaching others, acrossthe state or the world   Individual support to faculty    members . . . who can now    present the...
   From a development & fun six months with    the Mall of the Universe  to SER/VE (the    project on the next pages)   ...
These middle school studentscreated sophisticated interiors
An animated co-instructor helpedwith the weekly requirements –AKA, DaddyDarren Denver
For the final presentations
Overall: Many ways to develop, create, meet,  and share in virtual reality; ESC has had virtual holdings since  2004; N...
In closing Digital closes gaps, preserves  interactions, extends across time and  geography, empowers multiple  learning ...
Selected peer-reviewed publications and a book chapterO’Connor, E.A. (2013). Next generation online: advancing learning t...
Ongoing integration of digital communications into online courses
Ongoing integration of digital communications into online courses
Ongoing integration of digital communications into online courses
Ongoing integration of digital communications into online courses
Ongoing integration of digital communications into online courses
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Ongoing integration of digital communications into online courses

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This presentation explains how one instructor developed an approach to the ongoing integration of digital communications within online courses – using a cycle of testing, implementation, evaluation, and dissemination. Examples are shown from YouTube, wikis, badging, and virtual reality. Questions are posed for instructors considering such tools in their courses. A list of the author’s publications are included.

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  • For example, the instructor was able to get a very good perspective on the technology and science-lesson skills of the student.
  • Instructors can not simply give the assignment and then return and grade a finished product; the teacher is now involved in the outcome and the way it can / might look to the world ; I didn’t put my name on the finished product
  • Ongoing integration of digital communications into online courses

    1. 1. Eileen O’Connor, Ph.D.Eileen.oconnor@esc.edu March 2013
    2. 2.  Review of instructor course evolution, with increasing digital literacies –  The goal—to improve science-teacher education, especially online; to build communities of learners A cycle with integration, testing, evaluation, improvement & dissemination – ongoing & generative Several focusing themes:  Needing to map to the emerging world and live of digital natives; ultimate K12 learners  Expanding digital-literacy science teaching – and assessing via video  Helping adult learners in changing times – addressing uncertainty . . . and making quality, open work Highlighting – YouTube / Wikis / Badging / Virtual
    3. 3. Explore new technology - • Ie. YouTube; digital probesDisseminate Integrate into• Conferences & online or f2f publications • Align w/ course• Slideshare – hist. objectives Digital ethnography NOTE: community • Holistic study of the building is an course • IRB - process objective
    4. 4. Online can be more than simply text & discussion boardsVisual learning; dual coding theories; multipleintelligences; multi-lingual; information processing(brain based); 21st century skills
    5. 5.  To close the gap-move beyond writing proxies (aka lesson plans) in science teacher education Students were required to demonstrate a tech-in-science use related to their lessons and to share with class Instructor could review equipment, presentation style, and competency . . . in addition to written planning documentation Colleagues – learned from and about their peers
    6. 6. Value to using YouTube, in general Easily • Accessible to most students • Useful especially with online; improves student &implemented teacher communication “Performance” • Many facets can be studied • Richer assessments possible since live materials can can now be be readily reviewed observed • Data can be saved, stored, compared over time New ways of • New questions arise about what is evidence of teaching & learning in the content arealearning emerge
    7. 7.  Instruction? Sharing? The―technology‖ is easy – but how do you direct and assess a performance?
    8. 8. HOW CAN “WORKING TOWARDS PUBLIC SHARING” IMPROVE TEACHING & LEARNING? Teams developed support wikis / votes on what to go public . . . and whyCommunities of practice; situatedlearning; Vygotsky & social aspects oflearning; 21st century skills
    9. 9. The assignment Plan & create wiki w/ team process Final vote of Anonymous peerpublication ready assessment Some made Instructor revisions evaluation Peer comments circulated
    10. 10. Instructor Evaluation of wiki Team 1 Team 2 Team 3 Team 4Coverage & Well covered Adequate Well covered Well coveredquality coverageK12 applications Well explained Poorly explained; Well explained Well explainedor background background info little info aboutinfo K12Formatting (not Excellent: Fair: multiple Good: multiple Poor: one longan evaluation multiple pages; pages; images pages; images page; infrequentcriteria) images used well; used though used well use of images internal links some were too largeGrade given 98% 82% 94% 94% Students’ comments: Team 1 Team 2 Team 3 Team 4Clarity & quality 4.4 out of 5 3.9 out of 5 4.5 out of 5 3.8 out of 5Usefulness 4.5 out of 5 4.5 out of 5 4.8 out of 5 4.2 out of 5% think public 85% 62% 92% 69%ready
    11. 11. Students comment on team work– some have misgivings % (#)The team was supportive, in general 77% (10)Working as a team improved over time 77% (10)The team provided help with topic 46% (6)Team provided help with organization of wiki 38% (5)Would have worked differently alone 31% (4)Would have worked better if alone 23% (3)Students who said they were “nervous” about working 23% (3)in this format“Everyone has different ideas and are working on different ideas so sometimesthe page seems disjointed or the team is not working at the same pace.”“At first, I thought working with a team would be a breeze because I would nothave to bear the entire workload and the different perspectives would make thewiki better. As the assignment wore on I realized the difficulties of working withteam members.”
    12. 12. • School endorsement? Ongoing updating?Web issues Professional presence? • No longer simply content providerInstructor • Orchestrating / managing timetable & process; review liaisonrole shifts • Involvement in the thinking/learning process • How do you evaluate the complexities of aValuing / process when the standard is “the paper”? • Do students and institutions truly value thisassessing type of work? • Useful content created; a legacyHOWEVER • Greater involvement & professionalism • Incorporating & modeling future ways of learning
    13. 13. So, how might you use peer- reviewed wikis/websites to improve instruction? What topics / assignments would you have students share with the public? How would you ensure quality? Again, the technologies are the easy part – what do you want to do and how will you manage & assess?
    14. 14. Establishing peer reviews – with badges – can increase interest & distributed learningMotivation theories; Vygotsky & peer support;distributed learning; 21st century skills
    15. 15. Grad course •Create, model, make criteria, require, assess •Elect which staysRevisions /review Dean award•in later Grad course •Ensure follow- up Badges: ongoing / generative •for input, continuity, and ownership
    16. 16.  REAL connections with & support for science (Cornell; www.globe.gov; www.nasa.gov) Science literacy; science sharing; extending & creating new knowledge and understanding; helping other nations
    17. 17.  During an Emerging Technology course students award badges to Prezi, Facebook, Websites, YouTubes and such as they are being created to meet course objectives; Models a new approach that these students might use in their future; Adapt and adopt as moving through course needs and requirements; More at SUNY Conference in Instruction & Technology May 2013
    18. 18. -- Encourage reflection around course criteria? -- Provide evidence of outside- the-course accomplishments?-- Ensure learning from others?
    19. 19. Where, how, & why can virtualrealities create moreengagement, ownership,context, & community? With infinite applications (you design the environment), immersive learning makes: ◦ distance more “real” Community of practice; motivation; context & ◦ the impossible, possible visualizations; simulations; 21st century ◦ caring more apparent skills
    20. 20. MAT Science Center – meetings &presentationsand, meeting the Dean
    21. 21. Students across the stategive virtual presentations
    22. 22. Posters: presented to the class & to judges(former students) > votes too
    23. 23. Teaching others, acrossthe state or the world Individual support to faculty members . . . who can now present their areas of expertise to your online students
    24. 24.  From a development & fun six months with the Mall of the Universe  to SER/VE (the project on the next pages) ◦ Students developed a shopping mall economy
    25. 25. These middle school studentscreated sophisticated interiors
    26. 26. An animated co-instructor helpedwith the weekly requirements –AKA, DaddyDarren Denver
    27. 27. For the final presentations
    28. 28. Overall: Many ways to develop, create, meet, and share in virtual reality; ESC has had virtual holdings since 2004; NOTE: you can tape a virtual meeting – machinimaHow could you and your students meet, share, andvisit? How can seeing an avatar & context make adistance community more real?
    29. 29. In closing Digital closes gaps, preserves interactions, extends across time and geography, empowers multiple learning styles; Experiment, experiment, experiment Assess, assess, assess Share, share, sharePlease contact me for more info –eileen.occonnor@esc.edu
    30. 30. Selected peer-reviewed publications and a book chapterO’Connor, E.A. (2013). Next generation online: advancing learning through dynamic design, virtual and web 2.0 technologies, andinstructor attitude. (in press, Journal of Educational Technology Systems).O’Connor, E. A. (2012). Developing effective online collaborative science projects by using course scaffolding, a virtual world, andweb 2.0 technologies. In Proceeding of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2012 (pp.2192-2198). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.Abendroth, M.A., Golzy, J., & O’Connor, E.A. (2012). Self-created YouTube recordings of microteachings: their effects uponcandidates’ readiness for teaching and instructors’ assessment. Journal of Educational Technology Systems. 40(2), 141-159.O’Connor, E. A. (2012). A survival guide from an early adopter: how Web 2.0 and the right attitude can enable learning andexpansive course design. Journal of Educational Technology Systems. 40(2), 194-209.;O’Connor, E. (2011). Practical considerations when using virtual spaces for learning and collaboration, with minimal setup andsupport. In H. H. Yang, & S. C. Yuen (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Practices and Outcomes in Virtual Worlds and Environment.Hershey PA: IGI Global.OConnor, E. (2011). Migrating Towards K12 in Virtual Spaces: Second Life Lessons Learned as Higher Education Meets MiddleSchool Students. In Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2011 (pp. 2192-2198). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.O’Connor, E. A. (2010- 2011) The effect on learning, communication, and assessment when student-created YouTubes ofmicroteaching were used in an online teacher-education course. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 39(2), pp. 135-154.O’Connor, E. (2010). The Use of a Wiki in Teacher Education: How Does Learning and Instruction Change When Work Can GoPublic?. In D. Gibson & B. Dodge (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education InternationalConference 2010 (pp. 2822-2829). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.OConnor, E. A. (2009). Instructional and Design Elements that Support Effective Use of Virtual Worlds: What Graduate Student WorkReveals about Second Life. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 38(2), 213-234.O’Connor, E. A. and Sakshaug, L. (2009) Preparing for Second Life: Two Teacher Educators Reflect on Their Initial Foray intoVirtual Teaching and Learning, Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 37(3), pp. 259-272.OConnor, E. (2008). Becoming a Virtual Instructor: How Can Higher Education Faculty Prepare for Second Life?. In G. Richards(Ed.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2008 (pp. 1144-1149). Chesapeake, VA: AACE;OConnor, E. A. (2008). Initial Study of Pre-Service Teachers Comments on a Reality-Based, Urban-Student Video Streamed withinan Online Course. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 37(2), 139-157.Oconnor, E. (2007). Using Reality-Based, Authentic Streamed-Videos and Online Conversations to Prepare Pre-Service Teachers forUrban Classrooms: A Pilot Study. In T. Bastiaens & S. Carliner (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate,Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2007 (pp. 1179-1184). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.OConnor, E. A. (2007). A Case Study of the Approach to Teaching and to Technology of Three New Teachers in an AlternativeTeacher Certification Program. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 35(3), 357-382.

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