Applications of environmental microbiology in industries

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Applications of environmental microbiology in industries

  1. 1. And Its Applications In Industries By :-ABHISHEK RAJPUT 1006497002 2ND YR. 1/4/2014 1
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  3. 3. Microbes in Our Lives  Microbes (microorganisms)–Living things that individually are too small to be seen with the unaided eye.  They include: #Bacteria #Fungi (yeasts & molds) #Protozoa #Algae #Viruses  1/4/2014 3
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  5. 5. Industrial Uses of Fungi • Use of yeasts performing fermentation in brewing, wine making and bread making. • Use of yeast (e.g. Saccharomyces cerevisae) to make alcohol. • In the beer making industry, cereal grains are fermented to make the final product. • Sake is produced by rice fermentation, using Aspergillus oryzae. • Are used industrially in the food industry is in cheese production. (Penicillium roquefortii) 1/4/2014 5
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  8. 8. Industrial Uses of Algae • They are used as fertilizers, soil conditioners and are a source of livestock feed. • Algae can be used to make biodiesel (see algaculture), bioethanol and biobutanol. • The natural pigments produced by algae can be used as an alternative to chemical dyes and coloring agents. • There is also much interest in the food industry into replacing the coloring agents that are currently used with coloring derived from algal pigments. 1/4/2014 8
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  14. 14. Industrial Uses of Bacteria • The discovery that Thiobacillus ferrooxidans can concentrate gold trapped in rock minerals drew the attention of mining companies, and they are now developing a method of applying these bacteria in the gold mining industry. • Larger scale applications such as: • • • • • • 1/4/2014 materials processing energy production waste processing and bioremediation corrosion resistance production of drugs manufacture of polymers 14
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  20. 20. Industrial Uses of Protozoa • Protozoans play important roles in the fertility of soils. • Protozoans play important roles in wastewater treatment processes, in both activated sludge and slow percolating filter plants. 1/4/2014 20
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  23. 23. Industrial Uses of Virus • Measles virus used to kill cancer cells. • Viruses are Used to Grow more energy efficient Batteries. • Used for biological pest control. non microbiological bacteria fungi virus 1/4/2014 23
  24. 24. Detection of Microbes in Source and Drinking Water • It is done by Molecular Methods. • Molecular techniques are based on genomics, proteomics and transcriptomics. • Clinical and food industries are increasingly adapting these techniques. 1/4/2014 24
  25. 25. Biosensors for the Detection of Waterborne Pathogens • Using Antibodies and Gene-Based Recognition Chemistries . • Using LAMP for Low Cost Screening of Multiple Waterborne Pathogens. • In LAMP, the target sequence is amplified at a constant temperature using either two or three sets of primers and a polymerase with high strand displacement activity. 1/4/2014 25
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  30. 30. Glossary • Genomics- The study of genes and their function. • Proteomics-The study of the proteome, the complete set of proteins expressed by an organism, tissue, or cell. • Transcriptomics- The study of the transcriptome, the complete set of RNA transcripts produced by the genome at any one time. 1/4/2014 30

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