Capital Accumulation as  Time-Space Appropriation <ul><li>Presentation at International Conference on Environmental Confli...
Capital accumulation = <ul><li>A recursive relationship between some kind of technological infrastructure and a symbolic c...
Landesque  capital in  ancient Peru
Toward a cross-cultural definition of capital accumulation <ul><li>A formal comparison of the accumulation of productive i...
Cross-cultural comparison as subversive science: <ul><li>Are ”wages” and ”market prices” cultural mystifications of unequa...
Capital accumulation as appropriation
How do we quantify  unequal exchange? <ul><li>In terms of ”exchange value” (price), all market transactions are by definit...
The Industrial Revolution as  time-space appropriation Commodity Volume for £1000 in 1850 Embodied labor Embodied land Raw...
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03.07.conference.hornborg capital accumulation as time space appropriation

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03.07.conference.hornborg capital accumulation as time space appropriation

  1. 1. Capital Accumulation as Time-Space Appropriation <ul><li>Presentation at International Conference on Environmental Conflicts and Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Barcelona, July 2, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Alf Hornborg, Human Ecology Division, Lund University </li></ul>
  2. 2. Capital accumulation = <ul><li>A recursive relationship between some kind of technological infrastructure and a symbolic capacity to make claims on other people’s resources </li></ul><ul><li>Presupposes rates of unequal exchange that ultimately rest on human evaluations and that guarantee a minimum net transfer of resources from one social sector to another </li></ul>
  3. 3. Landesque capital in ancient Peru
  4. 4. Toward a cross-cultural definition of capital accumulation <ul><li>A formal comparison of the accumulation of productive infrastructure in 15th century Peru and 19th century England: </li></ul>Productive infrastructure accumulated Cultural mystification of unequal exchange 15th century Peru Agricultural terraces Ceremonial redistribution of maize beer 18th century England Textile factories Wages and market prices
  5. 5. Cross-cultural comparison as subversive science: <ul><li>Are ”wages” and ”market prices” cultural mystifications of unequal exchange in the modern world, just like the concept of minka and the ceremonial redistribution of maize beer were in the Inca empire? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Capital accumulation as appropriation
  7. 7. How do we quantify unequal exchange? <ul><li>In terms of ”exchange value” (price), all market transactions are by definition equal </li></ul><ul><li>In order to establish the occurrence of un equal exchange, we need a different metric than money (but not to be confused with ”value”) </li></ul><ul><li>Some options: embodied materials, energy, environmental damage, land requirements, labour time, etc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Industrial Revolution as time-space appropriation Commodity Volume for £1000 in 1850 Embodied labor Embodied land Raw cotton 11.84 tons 32,619 h 58.6 ha Cotton cloth 3.41 tons 4,092 h - 1 ha

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