Fish farming or pisciculture is the principal form
of aquaculture, while other methods may fall under
mariculture. Fish farming involves raising fish commercially
in tanks or enclosures, usually for food. A facility that
releases juvenile fish into the wild for recreational fishing or
to supplement a species' natural numbers is generally
referred to as a fish hatchery. Worldwide, the most
important fish species used in fish farming are
carp, salmon, tilapia and catfish
The eligibility criteria for joining Degree courses in
Pisciculture and Fishery Science is 10+2 or equivalent
examination with biology as subsidiary (elective) subject.
Pisciculturists, with their innovative ideas in fish breeding,
who use various scientific techniques for managing and
conserving fishery resources, play an important role in the
development of fishery industry. They conduct scientific
breeding of fish in different environments and implement
new methods for fish hatching.
Pisciculturists with own farm can expect to earn anything
between Rs. 2,00,000 to Rs. 2,50,000 per annum from an
acre of land.