Carbohydrates

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Carbohydrates

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Carbohydrates

  1. 1. CARBOHYDRATES
  2. 2. Is an organic compound
  3. 3. is the building blockof carbohydrates
  4. 4. Importance of carbohydrates:CHIEF SOURCE OFENERGY
  5. 5. Types of Carbohydrates:monosaccharidedisaccharidepolysaccharide
  6. 6. monosaccharide
  7. 7. monosaccharideC6H12O6Simple sugars that consist s only one (1)sugar moleculeUnder monosaccharide:1. Glucose2. Fructose3. Galactose
  8. 8. monosaccharide1. GlucoseBlood sugar; most important sugar in the bodies ofboth vertebrates and invertebrates
  9. 9. monosaccharide2. FructoseCorn sugar; sweetest form of sugar commonlyfound in fruits
  10. 10. monosaccharide3. GalactoseSimplest sugar found in milk
  11. 11. disaccharide
  12. 12. disaccharideC12H22O11Pair of monosaccharide unitsGlucose + monosaccharide unit = disaccharideUnder disaccharide:1. Sucrose2. Lactose3. Maltose
  13. 13. disaccharide1. SucroseTable sugar; glucose + fructose
  14. 14. disaccharide2. LactoseMilk sugar; glucose + galactose
  15. 15. disaccharide3. MaltoseMalt sugar; glucose + glucose
  16. 16. polysaccharide
  17. 17. polysaccharideConsists of chains of monosaccharide anddisaccharideUnder polysaccharide:1. Starch2. Glycogen3. Cellulose
  18. 18. polysaccharide1. StarchStorage of glucose for plants
  19. 19. polysaccharide2. GlycogenStorage of excess sugar in animals; stored inliver and muscles
  20. 20. polysaccharide3. CelluloseStructural support of plants; known as “fiber”
  21. 21. Additional info:monomer: a molecule that may react chemicallyto another molecule to form polymer; thesimplest unit; repeating unit of polymerpolymer: a compound made up of severalrepeating units (monomer)enzyme: speeds up chemical reaction

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