Plant a seed, cultivate an idea, reap a rewards


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A presentation explaining how enterprise in education was developed in Scotland and how it articulates with the new Curriculum for Excellence. The quote from the Lisbon Agreement sums it all up.

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  • Enterprise in education is not a new concept in Scotland – many schools were well practiced at delivering enterprising and entrepreneurial activities. But it often lacked focus and real purpose and was generally seen as sitting somewhat separate from the rest of the curriculum. Ministerial-led Review Group was established in 2001 whose remit was: ‘ to assess the effectiveness of Education for Work and Enterprise in schools, in preparing young people for the world of work and encouraging an enterprising culture in later life’. Its findings culminated in 20 recommendations aimed at achieving a coherent approach to embedding EinE within the curriculum; and increasing consistency and scale of EinE across Scotland. These were accepted by Scottish Ministers and so Determined to Succeed was born.
  • Determined to Succeed comprises four key strands to truly embed enterprise education into our schools. Enterprising teaching and learning – Work based vocational learning, Entrepreneurial learning Career education. Employer engagement is central to the delivery of all aspects. Working with employers brings learning to life, it helps young people to understand the relevance of their learning to like beyond school and helps better prepare them for the world of work.
  • Sustainable economic growth is a top priority for government Scotland performs less well than many countries in relation to business start-ups – need to turn this around by encouraging innovation and entrepreneurship and to see that first-time failure in business can lead to future success. Strong skilled workforce – crucial to improving Scotland’s economic outputs and tackling unemployment. Need employees, employers and entrepreneurs equipped to do the jobs of today and flexibility to take on the challenges of a global labour market. Projected demographic trends suggest that Scotland’s population will both decline, and decline faster than any other EU country over the next 25 years In addition, 1 in 7 young people (32,000) leave school without a positive destination – not only economic drain but more importantly a huge waste of human potential. As a small country with a shrinking population, Scotland can’t afford to allow this number of young people to remain economically inactive. Important to re-engage the disengaged. Broad acceptance that exposing young people to enterprise at a young age could create a new generation of confident, ambitious Scots who could make the most of the opportunities available to them
  • Five strategic objectives support the overarching purpose
  • GES makes clear that our future prosperity as a nation depends on everyone playing their part – as workers, consumers, volunteers and business people. For young people, the GES is specific
  • Skills for Scotland – A Lifelong Learning Strategy was launched by Fiona Hyslop, Cabinet Secretary for Education and lifelong Learning in September 2007. It makes clear that….” latter paragraph is the language of Curriculum for Excellence
  • The importance placed on this strategy is clear from the financial investment given to it by the previous and current Administration. £19.2m of Determined to Succeed funding now sits within Local Authority Grant Aided Expenditure and is the only ring-fenced funding stream within the Education and Lifelong Learning portfolio - further highlighting its importance.
  • The Curriculum for Excellence is at the heart of the education reform agenda and is a key policy within the context of the Skills Strategy. Determined to Succeed continues to provide an important influence on Curriculum for Excellence. Indeed, HMIe’s recent report “Improving Enterprise in Education” recognised that “enterprise in education was having a positive influence on confidence building, giving experience of success, developing more responsible citizens, and helping individual learners become more effective and creative contributors.”
  • Fundamentally,
  • The importance placed on this strategy is clear from the financial investment given to it by the previous and current Administration. £19.2m of Determined to Succeed funding now sits within Local Authority Grant Aided Expenditure and is the only ring-fenced funding stream within the Education and Lifelong Learning portfolio - further highlighting its importance.
  • Plant a seed, cultivate an idea, reap a rewards

    1. 1. The Future for Entrepreneurship and SME Policies in European Countries Wednesday May 5 th 2010 Stockholm, Sweden
    2. 2. Eric Burton Learning & Teaching Scotland National Enterprise in Education Development Officer West Lothian Council 16 + Choice Co-ordinator Does Entrepreneurship Education Matter ?
    3. 3. Plant a seed, cultivate an idea… … .reap a reward
    4. 4. Scotland
    5. 5. The Lisbon Agreement – plant a seed <ul><li>“ The secret to achieving </li></ul><ul><li>the vision of the Lisbon agreement </li></ul><ul><li>is in our classrooms!” </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Lisbon Agreement – plant a seed “ Unless Europe is prepared to invest in enterprise education at all ages, involve the private sector as a partner in the learning process, and inspire its young people to think outside the box … Lisbon’s vision of sustainable growth and more jobs will not be achieved.” Lisbon Agenda 2000
    7. 7. Scottish Enterprise history – plant a seed <ul><li>… .long, active tradition in </li></ul><ul><li>enterprise…. </li></ul><ul><li>Ministerial Review of Education for Work and Enterprise (2001- 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish Executive Response (March 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Determined to Succeed - Phase 1 (2003-08) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Phase 2 (2008-11) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Can do – will do
    9. 9. Determined to Succeed <ul><li>“ So DtS is not about teaching enterprise as a subject. Per se; rather teachers deliver their subject lessons in an enterprising way , that contextualises learning , that involves employers wherever possible, and make learning relevant in the context of the world of work and today’s global environment.” </li></ul><ul><li>DtS Three Years On 2007. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Delivered through… Enterprise - What’s it all about?
    11. 11. Determined to Succeed - why it’s important? <ul><li>Sustainable economic growth – top priority </li></ul><ul><li>Increase business start ups </li></ul><ul><li>Strong skilled workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic challenge </li></ul><ul><li>A generation of confident and ambitious Scots </li></ul>
    12. 12. Scottish Government - Purpose to focus the Government and public services on creating a more successful country, with opportunities for all of Scotland to flourish, through increasing sustainable economic growth Plant a Seed
    13. 13. Strategic Objectives <ul><li>Wealthier and Fairer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable businesses and people to increase their wealth and more people to share fairly in that wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smarter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expand opportunities for people in Scotland to succeed from nurture through to life long learning, ensuring higher and more widely shared achievements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Healthier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help people to sustain and improve their health, especially in disadvantaged communities, ensuring better, local and faster access to health care </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safer and Stronger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help local communities to flourish, becoming stronger, safer places to live, offering improved opportunities and a better quality of life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greener </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve Scotland's natural and built environment and the sustainable use and enjoyment of it </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Government Economic Strategy <ul><li>For young people, GES is specific: </li></ul><ul><li>focus on giving every child the best start in life </li></ul><ul><li>school education allowing young people to succeed and develop the skills needed to be active contributors to the economy </li></ul><ul><li>joining up the education experience, effective management of transitions </li></ul>
    15. 15. skills for Scotland A LIFELONG LEARNING STRATEGY <ul><li>“ We need to continue to create an enterprising culture in our schools and make the link between the classroom and the workplace so young people see the relevance of learning.” </li></ul><ul><li>We need successful learners, confident individuals, responsible citizens and effective contributors to build a smarter Scotland.” </li></ul><ul><li>Skills for Scotland - 2007 </li></ul>
    16. 16. Skills for Scotland – A Lifelong Skills Strategy www.ltscotland/enterpriseineducation ...solve problems ...plan and organise with others ...think critically & creatively ...use initiative ...lead learn ..take risks The ability to…
    17. 17. The investment <ul><li>£ 7m (2003 – 04) </li></ul><ul><li>£13m (2004 – 05) </li></ul><ul><li>£22m (2005 – 06) </li></ul><ul><li>£22m (2006 – 07) </li></ul><ul><li>£23m (2007 – 08) </li></ul><ul><li>£87m </li></ul><ul><li>£22m (2008 - 09) </li></ul><ul><li>£22m (2009 - 10) </li></ul><ul><li>£22m (2010 - 11) </li></ul><ul><li>£153m </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>Cultivate an idea </li></ul><ul><li>Equip young people with the skills they will need for tomorrow’s workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that assessment and certification support learning </li></ul><ul><li>Allow more choice and chances to meet the needs of individual young people </li></ul><ul><li>To enable young people to flourish in life and work beyond school </li></ul>New Education Strategy
    19. 19. Curriculum Design & Enterprise In Action… Progression Relevance & Depth Challenge & Enjoyment
    20. 20. Challenge 3 to 18 years Higher order learning skills Consolidating and Applying Knowledge
    21. 21. What’s it all about? <ul><li>Developing enterprise skills in young people </li></ul>ensuring they have the ability to apply enterprising skills, attitudes and values such as self-awareness, self-confidence, creativity, initiative, risk taking, communication, decision making, problem solving and teamwork in a range of social and economic contexts.
    22. 22. Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy Planning Framework Fact Worksheet Test Naming Locating Finding Remembering Explanation Show and tell Quiz Interpreting Exemplifying Summarising Understanding Interview Performance Diary Implementing Carrying out Using Applying Lower-order thinking Spreadsheet Checklist Chart Comparing Organising Outlining Analysing Debate Evaluation Report Judging Testing Monitoring Evaluating Story Project Plan Designing Constructing Planning Creating Higher-order thinking
    23. 23. Verbal Receiving Visual Receiving Receiving & Participating Doing PASSIVE ACTIVE OUR LEVEL OF INVOLVEMENT RETENTION OF KNOWLEDGE John Dewey - Learning by Doing “Give the pupils something to do, not something to learn; and the doing is of such a nature as to demand thinking; learning naturally results.”
    24. 24. Skills for life and work <ul><li>An increased emphasis on skills for life </li></ul><ul><li>and skills for work </li></ul><ul><li>16+ Choices – positive destination for all </li></ul><ul><li>Including but not limited to Skills for Work </li></ul><ul><li>Greater focus on enterprising leadership and CPD for key partners. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Employer engagement <ul><li>Broadening and strengthening employer engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting representative bodies of key industries </li></ul><ul><li>Further developing entrepreneurial learning by increasing focus on private and social enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing practice with college sector </li></ul><ul><li>Coherent entry point for employers </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of employers’ commitment </li></ul>
    26. 26. Broadening the reach <ul><li>3 to 18 years progression </li></ul><ul><li>Residential and other non-school provision i.e. secure units, specialist provision schools </li></ul><ul><li>Levering value across lifelong learning institutions by engaging colleges and training providers in enterprise in education agenda </li></ul>
    27. 27. Building capacity <ul><li>Fostering increased recognition of role employers play </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-sector and cross-curricular coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding and application of Labour Market Intelligence to inform teaching and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Support professional development of early years, college and other learning practitioners </li></ul>
    28. 28. Pathway for Enterprise <ul><li>24 + Business Gateway </li></ul><ul><li>18 -24 Princes Scottish Youth Business Trust </li></ul><ul><li>17 -24 Get Into Business </li></ul><ul><li>17 -18 Young Enterprise Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>16 + 16+ Choices – positive destination for all. </li></ul><ul><li>11+ Be An Inventor </li></ul><ul><li>8 – 17 Young Engineers Clubs </li></ul><ul><li>5 – 17 Eco Schools Flag </li></ul><ul><li>3 – 18 Skills for Life, Skills for Work, Skills for Life </li></ul><ul><li>3 – 18 Curriculum for Excellence entitlement </li></ul>
    29. 29. The Future <ul><li>Culture change takes time </li></ul><ul><li>Determined to Succeed part of the bigger picture </li></ul><ul><li>Confident we are on the right track </li></ul>
    30. 30. Reap A Reward “ The quality of our teaching is the quality of our future. Our economies, our legal framework, our institutions, our nations… they all have their origin in the classroom.” Angel Gurria OECD - Secretary General Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Mexico 2009.
    31. 31. Eric Burton 16 + Choices Co-ordinator West Lothian Council Enterprise House Almondvale Boulevard Livingston EH54 6QP 044 07577874725 Blog; Learning & Teaching Scotland; Federation of Small Business UK;