If a relative has schizophrenia, you are more likely to get it.
Childhood – such as molestation, Envrionmental Factors – an infection during development of the baby in the mothers womb, or stressful psychological experiences may increase the chances of developing schizophrenia
Delusions of grandeur are when you believe you are someone highly important such as a major celebrity, or even the president.
No emotion -(sitting for hours with a blank stare)Seeing or hearing - Strange motor behavior – strange body movements
Many people refuse to take their medication due to the side effects - such as drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth. Serious side effects include trouble with muscle control, pacing, tremors and facial ticks. Newer generations have fewer side effects.
Elise Rhoads<br />Elise Rhoads<br />
What is Schizophrenia?<br />Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that makes it difficult to tell the difference between:<br />real and imaginary experiences<br />to think logically<br />to have normal emotional responses<br />to behave normally in social situations<br />(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001925/)<br />
Causes<br />It is a very complex illness<br />Most experts do not know what causes it<br />Genetics are the leading factor<br />Some experts believe the lateral frontal lobe is larger than most brains<br />Also believe imbalance of dopamine and serotonin in the brain<br />Heredity plays a major part<br />
Causes Continued<br />Cannot be brought on by traumatic events in childhood<br />Symptoms vary from person to person<br />Can be caused by environmental factors if you are already genetically at risk <br />
Who it Affects<br />Affects men and women equally<br />Appears later in women. Mid 20’s and up<br />Typically appears in young adulthood for both genders<br />Roughly 1% of Americans are diagnosed<br />
Types<br />5 types of Schizophrenia:<br />Paranoid – anxiety, anger, delusions of Grandeur<br />Catatonic – agitation, lack of take care in personal needs, great deal of negative feelings <br />Disorganized – hallucinations, child-like behavior, delusions, socially withdrawn<br />Residual – Some symptoms disappear but some remain<br />Undifferentiated – Show more than one type of schizophrenia<br />
Symptoms<br />Symptoms of those types develop slowly over months and years<br />First set of symptoms are referred to as the “psychotic” symptoms:<br />A person can have no emotion to their surroundings<br />Strange motor behavior <br />Delusions or false beliefs about reality<br />Seeing or hearing things that are not real <br />
Testing<br />Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)<br />One month of at least two symptoms of the following:<br />Delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech disorganized or catatonic behavior<br />Continuous signs of the symptoms persist for at least 6 months<br />
Early Warning Signs<br />Hearing or seeing something that isn’t there Increasing withdrawal from social situations<br />A constant feeling of being watched Irrational, angry or fearful response to loved ones<br />Peculiar or nonsensical way of speaking or writing (http://www.nmha.org/go/information/)<br />Strange body positioning<br />Feeling indifferent to very important situations<br />Deterioration of academic or work performance <br />A change in personal hygiene and appearance<br />A change in personality<br />Inability to sleep or concentrate<br />Inappropriate or bizarre behavior<br />Extreme preoccupation with religion or the occult<br />
During a severe episode, one may need to be hospitalized for safety reasons.<br />A severe episode may include:<br />Voices telling the person to hurt themselves<br />Seeing something/someone that isn’t really there<br />Believing someone is reading their mind, controlling their thoughts, or trying to harm them<br />Unable to take care of themselves <br />
There is no cure for this illness<br />Can be treated and managed in a number of ways through:<br />Antipsychotic Medications<br />Psychosocial Therapies<br />Treatments may remain for a persons lifetime<br />