I chose this quote because it’s saying poverty is not natural. It was created by man and can be taken away by man, but it all depends on our actions to help.
This is the organization I raised money for. Oxfam volunteers were handing out cards with Oxfam information on itCaught my interest, I knew right away I wanted to help in some way.
I found out about poverty mostly from commercials or celebrities.
You’ve more than likely seen ad’s or commercials on poverty, and you might have had some sort of feelings of wanting to help.
Again, this is the organization I raised money for, and this is what they do.
(First)Have you ever noticed how great you feel after doing something good for others?
Successful development can include many things, such as:Basic Needs such as that a person has enough food, water, shelter, clothing, health, education, etc;Freedoms such as equal ownership of land and property;
Monetary- money or to the mechanisms by which it is supplied to and circulates in the economyNon monetary- Asset (such as equipment, inventory, land, or plant) which does not have a fixed exchangevalue to cash, but whose value depends on economicconditions.Absolute-being, governed by, or characteristic of a ruler or authority completely free from constitutional or other restraint Relative-2: a thing having a relation to or connection with or necessary dependence on another thingMaterial-2: having real importance or great consequencesPsychological-directed toward the will or toward the mind specifically in its conative function
These material symptoms result in these types of poverty:Depression increases while income decreases.
The widespread diseases are usually curable, or preventable: ones such as Diarrhoea, children typically die from this. Clean water is not available to re-hydrate them.Pneumonia, Tuberculosis are curable as well. Yet people are still dying from it.
(Before first line say: )Apart from these absolute monetary and non-monetary kinds of poverty, there is also relative poverty:
Many people fear of waking up each day to no food, water, a disease, and so on. They have feelings of insecurity because no one can protect them.
The are different causes to poverty:Colonialism:Colonialism is a practice of domination, which involves the subjugation of one people to another.(It is control by one power over a dependent area or people) One of the difficulties in defining colonialism is that it is difficult to distinguish it from imperialism.National Political Causes such as :such as bad governance, corruption, rights violations, war, oppression, lack of investment in economic infrastructure and education, etc.
GDP – Also known as the total annual country income per citizenCalorie Intake The body needs around 2000-2500 calories per day in order sutstain the human body.In the end, people will have better self esteem about themselves, and feel human again.
This graph is showing the correlation between level of GDP per capita and life expectancy rates. So it’s saying, if you have little or money, or are very poor, you are more likely to die young in your 30’s or 40’s. The more money one has, the longer one is expected to live. http://filipspagnoli.files.wordpress.com/2008/05/gdp_poverty.jpg
-(approximately 1 billion people) one out of 3 urban dwellersThe two regions that account for the bulk of the deficit are South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.To meet our energy needs we are using oil (petroleum) gas, wind turbines, nuclear power, renewable energy
Thechildren “die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth, far removed from people in the world. Beingweak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death.
The wealthiest 20% of the world accounted for 76.6% of total private consumption. The poorest fifth just 1.5%.
This video is describing Geetu’s life and his experiences on the climate changing in his homeland, Bangladesh.Climate change is a reality for fishermen like Geetu. Whilst Bangladesh is a very poor country, these people are the poorest of the poor. Their life is hard, they depend on the water and yet it hurts them.Climate change is destroying lives here. Floods are deeper and longer lasting, rainfall is erratic, and river erosion is increasing. These changes are having a damaging impact on poor farmers and fishermen. When the floods last too long, their crops are destroyed, and they can’t fish.
This is a visual and musical take on climate change and how it affects people worldwide. This film was made for OXFAM to help show people that climate change hits the rich and poor in two very different ways.
What makes a disaster? Is it the event itself -- the earthquake, tsunami, or flood? No. It's the tragic consequences: the immense number of lives lost, the people hurt, and communities destroyed.
Do you ever wonder where the money goes as your watching the money go up while pumping gas? You’re not alone, Oxfam says, people on the other end of the pipeline are wondering too. Citizens in other countries who are producing oil for us, are not seeing any benefits for themselves.
Many people are living under tents built with sticks and blankets, which are destroyed with typical rainfall.
Toiling under dangerous conditions, workers in our nation's meat-processing plants and on our farms are among the lowest paid and most vulnerable laborers in the country. Acompetitive global market is pushing wages lower and eroding worker rights.
This is a young boy trying to fill up jugs of water from a hose attached to a metal bin.
A well provides water, and song, for cows in Ethiopia's dry season. This video shows how Oxfam America helped one area in Ethiopia optimize their well to make it more efficient. Stop vid at 2:38 point
This picture shows you can choose fair trade.
This picture is showing children near holes that were shot into a wall with guns. Gun trade in various countries is enormous and very dangerous to the citizens.
This is a woman on her piece of land.
gender is a risk factor for poverty, women typically are set back from the men, making them less capable of being well off, Creating a life for themselves, getting jobs, owning a house, etc.http://www.genderandhealth.ca/en/modules/poverty/poverty-childhood-experience-03.jsp?r=
Conflict in Darfur -is an ongoing “guerilla conflict” or civil war centered around the Darfur region of Sudan. Over 400,000 people have been killed. About 2 million have been forced to flee Darfur and into refugee camps, where many women are raped and the men are lined up and shot. Conflict in Democratic Republic of Congo- Is a war in the Republic of CongoConflict in Democratic Republic of Congo-
Israeli Palestinian Conflict- An ongoing dispute between Israelis and Palestinians. The issues remain on: mutual recognition, borders, security, water rights, control of Jerusalem, Israeli Settlements, Palestinian freedom of movement, and legalities concerning refugees. Crisis In Sri Lanka – A civil war in Sri Lanka that began more than 19 years ago. Since then, over 64,000 deaths have resulted in children, men, and women.
Oxfam is calling on oil, gas, and mining companies to respect their rights and operate
Oxfam seeks US foreign aid to make it more efficient, more modern, and more focused on ending global poverty.
At Upper Darby, we were made to have 30 hours of work or more into our graduation projects and we had to start ours in the middle of Junior year, so we had our date set up in early September of our senior year for the flea market to sell our items and raise money.
My friend Allyson and I sitting at our table at the flea market.
This is a picture of our muffins (obviously in the heat) And one of my friends signing the Oxfam signature page.
This is a picture of the fact booklets and worksheets, and a signature page we got people to sign to inform people on Oxfam’s mission to heal poverty.
These donations help poepleManure is for farming and keeping the land fertile.
Mosquito Nets- to keep bugs and mosquitos away from families. There are many different types of bugs in poverty Ridden counties.
Last year, Miley earned a total of around $1 billion dollars from Hannah Montana Related Sales which could buy
This activity shows the affects on how people live and the luxuries they recieve if they are upper and middle class, which most take for granted.People in poverty don’t receive the good food and are often left hungry and unhappy.
Importance of Oxfam America<br />Oxfam America is an international relief and development organization that creates lasting solutions to poverty, hunger, and injustice. <br />Individuals and local groups in more than 100 countries help Oxfam by: <br />Donating money<br />Fundraising<br />Volunteering at a local office<br /> Or actually traveling to a specific country to help. <br />Oxfam works to end global poverty by saving lives, strengthening communities, and campaigning for change. <br />
Wanting to help<br />After learning about Oxfam America and it’s global outreach, I knew I wanted to experience that sense of helping others in poverty to hopefully attain a slightly better life, as my graduation project.<br />
Thesis<br /> Through partnerships with local organizations, Oxfam has helped millions of people in poverty not only survive the devastation of wars, famines, and natural disasters, but to rebuild their lives. <br />
What is Poverty?<br />Poverty is powerlessness, lack of representation and freedom.<br />hunger <br />lack of shelter<br />being sick and not being able to see a doctor<br />not having access to school<br />not knowing how to read<br />not having a job<br />having fear for the future<br />losing a child to illness brought by unclean water<br />
Poverty in Haiti<br />http://teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=146703&title=Haiti_Poverty<br />
Definition of Poverty<br />pov·er·ty [pov-er-tee] Show IPA–noun1.<br />the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support; condition of being poor; indigence.<br />
Successful Development of a Country…<br />An improvement in living standards and access to all basic needs<br />A stable political, social and economic environment, with political, social and economic freedoms<br />The ability to make free and informed choices that are not forced<br />Be able to participate in a democratic environment with the ability to have a say in one’s own future<br />
Types of Poverty<br />Poverty has many dimensions: monetary and non-monetary, absolute and relative, material and psychological.<br />
Poverty Type A<br />Insufficient resources to meet basic needs, such as nutrition, shelter, health and education.<br />This insufficiency can result in the following symptoms of poverty:<br />Low income<br />Low average calorie intake<br />High infant mortality rates<br />Low life expectancy rates<br />
Poverty Type A Contd.<br />High illiteracy rate<br />High unemployment<br />Widespread diseases<br />Famine<br />High risk of migration<br />
Poverty Type B<br />This inequality of income or consumption can result in the following psychological symptoms of poverty:<br />Feelings of loss of dignity<br />Low self-esteem<br />Feelings of powerlessness<br />Feelings of lack of participation in culture and politics<br />Feelings of discrimination and resentment.<br />
Poverty Type C<br />A third kind of poverty is vulnerability, the actual or thought of risk of future poverty.<br /> This vulnerability can result in the following psychological symptoms of poverty:<br />Fear, stress<br />Feelings of insecurity<br />Irrational precaution measures<br />Family planning decisions<br />Migration<br />
Different Causes of Poverty<br />Accidental causes, such as drought, disease, birth defects, handicaps etc.<br />Historical causes, such as colonialism<br />Economic causes, such as energy prices, food prices, etc.<br />National political causes<br />
Causes Contd.<br />International political causes such as trade policy<br />Social causes such as racism, sexism, discrimination<br />Demographic Causes such as overpopulation or a high percentage of people who too young or too old<br />Geographic Causes such as access to fertile land, fresh water, minerals, energy<br />Environmental causes such as climate change, soil erosion and desertification<br />Poverty traps<br />
Measures to Help Types of Poverty<br />Gross Domestic Product (GDP)<br />Calorie intake levels<br />Level of Income <br />Literacy Levels<br />
“I know poverty because poverty was there before I was born and it has become part of life like the blood through my veins. Poverty is not going empty for a single day and getting something to eat the next day. Poverty is going empty with no hope for the future. Poverty is getting nobody to feel your pain and poverty is when your dreams go in vain because nobody is there to help you. Poverty is watching your mothers, fathers, brothers and sisters die in pain and in sorrow just because they couldn't get something to eat. Poverty is hearing your grandmothers and grandfathers cry out to death to come take them because they are tired of this world. Poverty is watching your own children and grandchildren die in your arms but there is nothing you can do. Poverty is watching your children and grandchildren share tears in their deepest sleep. Poverty is suffering from HIV/AIDS and dying a shameful death but nobody seems to care". " Poverty is when you hide your face and wish nobody could see you just because you feel less than a human being. Poverty is when people accuse you and prosecute you for no fault of yours but who is there to say some for you? Poverty is when the hopes of your fathers and grandfathers just vanish within a blink of an eye. I know poverty and I know poverty just like I know my father's name. Poverty never sleeps. Poverty works all day and night. Poverty never takes a holiday”(One Poor African)<br />
Some Facts<br />Around 27-28% of all children in developing countries are estimated to be underweight or stunted.<br /> Half the world’s population now live in cities and towns. In 2005, one out of three urbancitizens(approx. 1 billion people) were living in slum conditions.<br />In developing countries around 2.5 billion people are forced to rely on biomass—fuel wood, charcoal and animal dung -to meet their energy needs for cooking.<br />2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation<br />
We live in a world of Plenty, yet 840 million people go hungry each year.<br />1.2 Billion people live on less than $1 a day.<br />12 million people die each year from lack of water.<br />Over 30,000 children under the age of five die each day due to hunger and other preventable causes.<br />
The environmental impacts of climate change are happening all over the world.<br /> But what about its effects on people?<br /> The increased frequency and severity of climate-related natural disasters such as droughts, floods, and cyclones cause economic damage. <br />Sea level rise and increased storm surges destroy infrastructure and lives of people in both coastal areas and low-lying lands. <br />Constant rainfall, rising temperatures, and extreme weather events harm agricultural production, worsen water scarcity, and spread infectious diseases.<br /> Climate change imposes huge financial losses and threatens<br />national security.<br />Climate Affects Poverty…<br />http://vimeo.com/5027546<br />
Common Effects of Climate Change<br />Decreased agricultural productivity-particularly in degraded areas where production is low and farmers struggle to make out a living<br />Decreased water availability and water quality - Increased risk of floods and droughts -Impacts on fisheries caused by uncertain stream flows, warming waters, and damage to coral reefs - Increased incidence of waterborne diseases such as malaria, cholera, and dengue fever<br />
A glimpse of Climate Change<br />http://www.vimeo.com/6655465<br />
How Oxfam Helps<br />During certain emergencies – such as disease outbreaks - Oxfam undertakes public health assessments to help communities track the range of the problem, identify the source, and find workable solutions.<br />They are beginning to develop early warning systems that use public health indicators to alert Oxfam to potential problems brought on by changes in local conditions - such as drought. With this information, they can take steps to avert the disaster.<br />
Advocating for Rights<br />Disasters usually hit poor people the hardest<br />They often live in the most vulnerable locations:<br />On deforested hillsides<br />Or in low-lying coastal areas<br />Homes built from materials that can’t withstand the onslaught of nature<br /><ul><li>And they lack the resources to recover</li></ul>Because of these disasters- <br /><ul><li>They frequently face violence
Are excluded from decisions about their futures
Oxfam works with the poorest communities to help them claim their rights to safety, services, and a voice</li></li></ul><li>Help People Earn a Living<br />Getting back to work after an emergency helps people and communities recover more quickly <br />Some initiatives Oxfam takes are:<br />A variety of programs that offer immediate employment<br />Grants and loans that help jump-start businesses<br />Vocational training funding<br />Support some communities with distribution of basic farming <br />
Preventing The Next Disaster<br />They are finding ways to help people prepare for emergencies and and prevent natural events from becoming disasters.<br />They work with communities to take practical steps.<br />For example:<br />In areas prone to severe flooding Oxfam:<br />Helps people understand the risks<br />Map their resources<br />Create plans to help everyone reach safety<br />Oxfam also urges governments and international aid-groups to direct resources toward disaster prevention.<br />
No amount of village-by-village work will ever be enough on its own. <br />Why? <br />Millions of the world’s poor people are economically paralyzed by systemic barriers they cannot break down on their own. <br />A structure of laws, policies, and customs conspire which trap people in poverty forever.<br />
Current Issues<br />Climate Change<br />Disasters and conflicts<br />Hunger & Food security<br />Oil, gas & mining<br />Aid Reform<br />Community Finance<br />Affordable Housing <br /><ul><li>Workers rights
HIV & AIDS</li></li></ul><li>Climate Change<br />Poor countries are already suffering from the effects of climate change.<br /> Oxfam seeks to create solutions to the crisis, including greenhouse gas reduction and financial assistance for the most vulnerable communities.<br />
Disasters and Conflicts<br />Their mission is to do whatever they can to reduce suffering and save lives during emergencies—whether they are caused by conflict or by natural events. <br />They partner with local groups in a network that stretches around the world.<br />
Hunger & Food Security<br />Worldwide, one in six people now suffers from chronic hunger.<br /> Oxfam is working on solutions to ensure that no one, no matter where he or she lives, has to go to sleep hungry.<br />
Oil, Gas & Mining<br />Oxfam seeks fair government policies and corporate practices in the oil, gas, and mining industries.<br /> Supports the right of communities to participate in decisions about the use of natural resources.<br />
Where does the money go?<br />http://www.vimeo.com/9188972<br />
Aid Reform<br />US foreign aid under-performs and often fails to reach the people who need it most. <br />Oxfam seeks reform of US foreign aid to make it more efficient, modern, and more focused on ending global poverty.<br />
Community Finance<br />Having a safe place to save or access to a small loan can help a family work its way out of poverty. <br />Oxfam America has pioneered a microfinance model called Saving for Change, which self-replicates on a large scale and at a low cost.<br />
Affordable Housing <br />A slow recovery and hardly any effort has left many residents of the US Gulf Coast struggling to rebuild.<br /> Oxfam is leading efforts to ensure the needs of the most vulnerable are fully addressed.<br />
Workers Rights <br />Farm workers in the US are often subjected to mistreatment and exploitation. <br />Oxfam seeks to expose sweatshop conditions and human rights violations in America's fields.<br />
Water<br />More than one billion people lack access to a safe water supply, and that number is growing. <br />As water supplies are threatened, rural communities are most affected—and have the most to lose. <br />
Video on Oxfam Helping<br />http://www.vimeo.com/3341320<br />
Trade<br />World trade could be a powerful force for reducing poverty, if poor people could sell their products at a decent price. <br />However, unfair trade agreements and agricultural subsidies hamper efforts to reduce poverty in poor countries.<br />
US Public Policy<br />Oxfam is hopeful that the new administration will re-engage with the international community<br /> Lead the fight against global poverty<br />Create positive long-term change that will result in a more prosperous, secure world. <br />
Access to Land<br />Oxfam helps farmers and native communities gain legal title to their land, manage it in environmentally friendly ways, and defend it against pollution and other threats.<br />
Equality for Women<br />Seventy percent of those living below the poverty line are women. <br />Oxfam helps women and girls<br />overcome gender discrimination,<br />realize their potential, and<br />become decision-makers<br />and leaders in their communities. <br />
Agriculture<br />For the world's small-scale farmers, farming can be a precarious way of life. <br />From surviving climate change to being paid a fair price, Oxfam helps family farmers around the world earn a decent living.<br />
HIV & Aids<br />The factors that make people vulnerable to poverty and HIV/AIDS are similar, including a lack of access to health care and education; violence; racial and gender discrimination; and other human rights violations.<br />
United States – US Gulf Coast Recovery, affordable housing, workers’ rights, climate change, aid reform<br />Central America, Mexico, and Carribean– reducing vulnerability to disaster, climate change, aid reform, equality for women, land<br />South America – oil, gas, and mining, land, trade, and climate change<br />West Africa- community finance, oil, gas, mining, trade, agriculture, reducing vulnerability to disaster, global food crisis, hunger and food security<br />
Horn Of Africa – conflict in Darfur, struggle in somalia, global food crisis, water, food security, trade, equality for women<br />Central and East Africa- conflict in democratic Republic of Congo, equality for women, public health<br />Southern Africa – Cholera Crisis in Zimbabwe, HIV/AIDS, equality for women, water, public health, agriculture, hunger and food security<br />http://www.vimeo.com/4174341<br />
North Africa and middle east- Israeli Palestinian Conflict, livelihoods, public health, equality for women<br />Central and south Asia – Crisis in Sri Lanka, War in Afghanistan, Pakistan Earthquake Recovery, Bangladesh Cyclone Recovery, Indian Ocean Tsunami Recovery<br />
Campaigns<br />Right to Know, Right to Decide<br /> - Poor communities often have no say in the disappearance of resources from their land. <br />
Campaigns <br />Aid Reform<br /> - US Foreign Aid under-performs and often fails to reach the people who need it most.<br />
Another Campaign…Climate Change<br />Oxfam seeks to create solutions to the crisis<br />Includes greenhouse gas reduction and financial assistance for most vulnerable communities<br />
Application<br />My friend Allyson and I raised over $250 for Oxfam at Upper Darby High School’s flea market in early September of 2009.<br />We spent over 30 hours planning, and setting up for our grad project. We made Tye Dye shirts, baked cakes, cookies, brownies, muffins<br />We had a box for donations<br />We had a package sent from Oxfam with information booklets on the organization, how you can help, what they work on, and so on. We laid the information sheets out on our table for people to read<br />We had people sign a signature page to send it to Oxfam to show how many people we had informed of Oxfams’s actions<br />
Give Back…<br />$25 – Gives a meal program to one child in school<br />$24 – Twice the manure<br />$50 – A goat<br />$35 – A school desk and chair<br />$30 – Plant a vegetable garden<br />$35 – A water purifier<br />$18 – Books for kids<br />
Give Back Contd.<br />$1,500 – Rebuild a primary school<br />$12 – Soap<br />$18 – Mosquito Nets<br />$250 – Plant 500 trees<br />$20 – Irrigate a farmers land for 2 months<br />$20 – A pair of school uniforms <br />
What you can Do<br />Donate<br />Give Back, Inform<br />Fundraise<br />Volunteer or Intern<br />Work at Oxfam<br />
Conclusion<br />I learned that many people in other countries, and even our own do not have it as well off as we may think Many don’t have healthcare to see a doctor, receive surgeries, go out and buy clothes, accessories, or even have clean running water to drink from. Food is scarce. People live in fear and that is not the way to live life. I understand these cultures have lived like this for many centuries but the world is becoming too advanced for these people to be stuck in these horrible situations.<br />
Work Cited<br />www.stanford.edu/group/scspidev/media_magazines.html<br />http://filipspagnoli.wordpress.com/2008/05/06/poverty/<br />http://www.genderandhealth.ca/en/modules/poverty/poverty-childhood-experience-02.jsp<br />Ferman, Louis A., and Joyce L. Kornbluh. Poverty in America; a Book of Readings,. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1968. Print.<br />Himmelfarb, Gertrude. The Idea of Poverty: England in the Early Industrial Age. New York: Knopf, 1984. Print.<br />
Work Cited Contd.<br />Worth, Richard. Poverty. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 1997. Print.<br />Chen, Robert S., and Elisabeth Sydor. Where the Poor Are: an Atlas of Poverty. Map. Palisades, NY: CIESIN (Center for International Earth Science Information Network), the Earth Institute at Columbia University, 2006. Print.<br />http://actfast.oxfamamerica.org/uploads/actfast-sourcebook_1.pdf<br />http://www.oxfamamericaunwrapped.com/home.php?utm_source=oa_how_you_help&utm_medium=web<br />State of the World’s Children, 2010 , UNICEF, p.18-19.<br />http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1586201/20080424/cyrus__miley.jhtml<br />
Work Cited Contd.<br />http://www.charitywatch.org/toprated.html<br />http://www.bbb.org/charity-reviews/national/relief-and-development/oxfam-america-in-boston-ma-56<br />http://www.oxfamamerica.org/whoweare/financial-information/annual-reports/annual-report-2008<br />http://www.vimeo.com/2564077<br />Sachs, Jeffrey D. (2005). The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time. New York: Penguin Books.<br />http://books.google.com/books?id=fJzBMnDPh7EC&printsec=frontcover&dq=poverty&source=bll&ots=iDlmROHDZ1&sig=TF7LT92hzNArySRGQmPsCsrHho0&hl=en&ei=XTL3S9CPIYH_8Abn3KGwDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=14&ved=0CGsQ6AEwDQ&safe=active#v=onepage&q&f=false<br />
YOU can help!<br />http://www.vimeo.com/2564077<br />
Class Activity<br />Hunger Banquet Activity<br />Read the Cards I handed out in the beginning of class.<br />The cards will read if you are in Poverty, middle class, or upper class.<br />Upper Class – Grab (type of food)<br />Middle Class – Grab (type of food)<br />Poverty – Grab (Type of food)<br />