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T castren eng


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T castren eng

  1. 1. ENPI FLEG RegionalConference<br />Tuukka Castrén<br />World Bank<br />Chisinau/July 13 - 14, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Structure<br />Why forests are special governance challenge<br />Addressing governance<br />ENA FLEG Process<br />What has happened after St. Petersburg <br />
  3. 3. 3<br />
  4. 4. What do thieves want?<br />
  5. 5. Winner is…<br />
  6. 6. Forests Matter<br />Over 400 million people depend<br />on forests for income, food, energy,<br />medicines and shelter.<br />Global trade in primary wood products is about US$ 186 billion/yr and the total trade in all wood products is several multiple higher.<br />20% of global carbon emissions come from deforestation and degradation<br />
  7. 7. Costs of poor forest governance<br />Livelihood losses to forest dependent communities <br />Local and global environmental losses – (climate change and biodiversity)<br />Fiscal losses to state<br />Spread of crime and corruption (corruption contagion)<br />Undermining institutions<br />Undermining legitimate forest enterprises <br />
  8. 8. Corruption and Illegal Logging<br />Corruption in the forest sector is globally pervasive<br />Has many forms: <br />Criminal: illegal logging, smuggling, extortion <br />Legal but corrupt: state capture, institutional erosion, rent seizing<br />Scale is vast – but quantitative estimates remain elusive:<br />Illegal logging (roundwood)on public lands estimated at >10bn per annum<br />Illegal roundwood trade estimated at >1.2bn per annum<br />
  9. 9. Ways to Improve Governance<br />Increase economic efficiency: reduce monopolies<br />Reduce administrative discretion<br />Increase accountability<br />Increase transparency<br />Involve stakeholders<br />Improve compliance<br />
  10. 10. Components of Forest Law Enforcement<br />Compliance<br />Detection<br />Suppression<br />Prevention<br />Good governance<br />Theft Prevention<br />Legitimacy<br />
  11. 11. ENA-FLEG road map<br />Invitation at UNFF-4 (May 2004)<br />National Preparatory Processes<br />Civil society and Industry processes (dialogue)<br />Preparatory Conference (Moscow, 2005)<br />Interim Period (Drafting/Informal consultations)<br />Ministerial Conference (St.-Petersburg)<br />
  12. 12. Declaration: key themes<br />National - 11 principles on<br />commitment to improve fleg and forest legislation<br />strengthening institutions, human capacity, cooperation and anti-corruption actions <br />engaging with stakeholders and recognizing rights and knowledge of forest-dependent and indigenous people<br />exchanging and disseminating information and promoting implementation and analytical work<br />
  13. 13. Declaration: key themes<br />International - 11 principles on<br />strengthening cooperation on and information sharing fleg and trade (incl. wildlife, CITES)<br />monitoring, assessment, reporting of progress on FLEG and promoting transboundary collaboration<br />promoting partnerships with private sector and civil society<br />enhancing awareness raising<br />
  14. 14. Declaration: key themes<br />Implementation - 7 principles on <br />endorsing indicative list of action as the framework for implementation<br />international organizations (particularly World Bank), institutions, processes to support implementation <br />follow-up structures<br />
  15. 15. Indicative actions<br />National Actions:<br />Policy frameworks<br />Legislation systems<br />Institutions and capacity building<br />Sustainable forest management<br />Rural development, livelihoods and poverty alleviation<br />International Action:<br />Forest related policies<br />Trade and customs<br />Research<br />Collaborative implementation of actions<br />
  16. 16. Observations<br />process reflects the situation in the region<br />joint commitment between the governments, private sector and civil society<br />includes issues raised by NGOs and private sector <br />strong civil society and private sector participation<br />sensitive topics, like corruption, transparency, participatory approach, certification<br />
  17. 17. Observations<br />action is needed to avoid loss of momentum <br />great degree of responsibility on the WB to facilitate this process<br />support of international community is needed for poorer countries<br />
  18. 18. Follow-up<br />ENA-FLEG Ministerial Conference(44 countries and European Commission) – St. Petersburg, November 2005<br />FLEG Implementation Workshop– Antalya, May 2006<br />Guidelines for National Action Plan Implementation<br />5th MCPFE Conference – Warsaw, Nov. 2007<br />Work Program for 2008-2010<br />FLEG Expert Meeting – Bucharest, Oct. 2008<br />Review of FLEG and FLEGT Status and Lessons<br />Program on Improving Forest Law Enforcement and Governance in the ENP East Countries and Russia (2008-2011)<br />
  19. 19. Some key issues<br />Definition of (il)legality must be national<br />National definition, not same everyplace <br />Covers i) domestic consumption, ii) regulated export to sensitive markets, iii) exports to non-sensitive markets <br />Ministerial Conference: useful framework and a good start<br />
  20. 20. International Context<br />Regional processes <br />Asia, Bali declaration<br />ASEAN<br />Africa, Yaoundédeclaration<br />COMIFAC<br />
  21. 21. Changes in Global Context<br />Forest governance recognized as key ingredient<br />Consumer country legislation<br />Timber regulation (EU)<br />Amended Lacey act (US)<br />other countries (JPN, Australia)<br />whole supply chain<br />Climate change: Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDDplus)<br />
  22. 22. 22<br />
  23. 23. Thank you<br />