Belarus jan18 eng

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Belarus jan18 eng

  1. 1. FLEG in Belarus: taking stock and looking forward Elena Klochan and Alexei Grigoriev Brussels January 17, 2011
  2. 2. Taking stock (1) <ul><li>Low level of illegal logging in Belarus: illegal timber appears as a result of deviations in timber measurement and assessment of logs quality </li></ul><ul><li>Forestry sector management recognizes a need for improving forest sector management </li></ul><ul><li>NPAC established and CWP finalized in 2009 and implementation started in early 2010 (MoF and FP play a leading role) </li></ul><ul><li>Staffing changes in MoF in summer 2010, new FP </li></ul><ul><li>Disbursement as of June 2010: $80,000 </li></ul><ul><li>New commitment as of Jan 2011:$49,000 </li></ul>
  3. 4. Taking stock (2) <ul><li>Trade in standing wood through Commodity Exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Forestry policy unit set up in MoF </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened field supervision over implementation forest management projects; the special expert team is being established in RUE Belgosles </li></ul><ul><li>New Rules of Fire Safety in Forests came into force in November 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Effective 1 January 2011 timber logging and processing is not subject to licensing </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Staff Development Program (2011-2015): improving professional and educational level of forest guard. Inter-Agency Public Advisory Council on Forest Education to be established </li></ul><ul><li>Basics of FLEG training course integrated in curricular </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops covering the FLEG issues held for forest guard staff </li></ul>
  4. 5. Needs: <ul><li>Strategic Forestry Action Plan Development </li></ul>
  5. 6. Looking forward: FLEG in Forestry Sector Development Program (2011-2015): <ul><li>Splitting off commercial activities (logging and timber processing) from forest management functions in six forestry enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Continue forest certification through: </li></ul><ul><li>certification of forest management under (i) Forest Certification System of the National System of Conformity Attestation and (ii) FSC covering at least 80% of MoF’s forests (July 2010: compliance with PEFC Council requirements confirmed) </li></ul><ul><li>audit of the certified systems of forest management/forest products based on the principle of origin </li></ul><ul><li>alignment of forest product standards with EU requirements (terms and definitions, size and volume estimation methods, quality-based classification) </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the quality of forest inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance environmental sustainability of forests </li></ul>
  6. 7. FLEG - it is not only about illegal logging <ul><li>Sometime FLEG is presented as fight against illegal logging or corruption. These problems are important, but are not only parts of ENA-FLEG process </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of forest legislation and regulations - rights of local people and small business on legal usage of forests </li></ul><ul><li>Forest management system transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty alleviation - resolve one of the main root reasons for illegal logging </li></ul><ul><li>Support positive initiatives of local people and small business for improvement of forest management in practice </li></ul>
  7. 8. Transparency via Internet <ul><li>First round of inventory Internet sites run by Ministry of forestry republic of Belarus organizations and enterprises show needs for serious improvements. In May 2010 most State forest enterprises don't had Internet sites or pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Second round (December 2010) show very serious changes at least, as concern quantity. 85 from 95 existing State forest enterprises already have Internet sites or pages. More than 100 from approximately 1000 Forest Ranger Districts also have Internet pages. </li></ul><ul><li>On next stage of work ENPI-FLEG in close collaboration with Ministry of forestry will implement serious measures (monitoring, trainings, advisory) for improvement of information content. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Transparency and accountability - Annual review - Forest condition and usage of Belarus forest - 2009 <ul><li>Annual review &quot;Forest condition and usage of Belarus forest - 2009&quot; was prepared, partly printed, distributed and available via Internet http:// www.belwood.by/Obzor_dlya_interneta.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>It was a first case, when such type document was prepared by experts from independent body - the largest Belarus business NGO Republic Forest Industry Association (more than 70 companies and business structures). </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Review was developed in consultation with all important stakeholders and went through peer reviewing process. </li></ul><ul><li>December 2010 Annual Review was presented to Minister of forestry Mr. Amelyanovich, which show interest to this document and express readiness for more close collaboration in preparation, printing and distribution of Annual review 2010. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Positive initiatives - wetlands management (1) <ul><li>Wetlands cover big part of Belarus and occupy more than 2 mln hectares. </li></ul><ul><li>In the past big part of wetlands was drained. </li></ul><ul><li>It created problems with fires, negatively affected traditional usage of wetlands resources </li></ul>
  10. 11. Positive initiatives - wetlands management (2) <ul><li>Cranberry is very important source of local food and source of income for local population. </li></ul><ul><li>Annual cranberry gathering on large wetlands give local people total income in some millions of euro (for example - on Yelnya which cover - 20.000 hectares) </li></ul><ul><li>It is reason, why local people support activities for rewetting of wetlands </li></ul>
  11. 12. Positive initiatives - wetlands management (3) <ul><li>In 2002 Yelnya was very heavy (70%) affected by forest fires </li></ul><ul><li>Local people and activists from enviro NGO APB took active part in rewetting Yelnya, using most simple, but very efficient technologies. In extremely hot summer 2010 Yelnya don't have any major forest fire. </li></ul><ul><li>In last years in Belarus more than 30.000 hectares of formerly drained bogs were rewetted. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Positive initiatives - agroecotourism development (1) <ul><li>Belarus have excellent conditions for agro and ecotourism. </li></ul><ul><li>State supported agroecotourism and created very friendly conditions for private activity in this sector. As result more than 1300 private agrotourism manors were established. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Positive initiatives - agroecotourism development (2) <ul><li>There is need for better integration of private agrotourism, capacities of State forest enterprises, environmental NGOs, all stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Obvious is need for develop &quot;green routes&quot; propose modern environmentally friendly transport, strengthen cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>ENPI-FLEG in Belarus actively work in this direction </li></ul>
  14. 15. NEEDS for future FLEG: <ul><li>Strategic Forestry Action Plan Development </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration for implementation of EU Regulation Regulation (EU) № 995/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Support market oriented reforms in Belarus forest sector </li></ul><ul><li>Move information transparency of Belarus forest sector, especially in Internet, to the best World practice </li></ul><ul><li>Support positive local initiatives for legal usage of forests by local people and small business as tool for poverty alleviation and alternative to the illegal logging </li></ul>
  15. 16. Thank you!

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