World Disaster Day April 30, 2014

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Making (or not making) our world disaster resilient is our legacy. History will decide which legacy we actually leave. The keys to resilience: 1) know the disaster history of your region, 2) be well-prepared 3) have a warning system 4) have an evacuation plan 5) learn from every global experience and start over. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance For Disaster Reduction.

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World Disaster Day April 30, 2014

  1. 1. WORLD DISASTER DAY April 30, 2014 MILLIONS OF COMMUNITIES ARE NOT RESILIENT TO DISASTERS
  2. 2. MAKING (OR NOT MAKING) OUR WORLD DISASTER RESILIENT IS OUR LEGACY History Will Decide Which Legacy We Actually Leave
  3. 3. THE KEYS TO RESILIENCE: 1) KNOW THE DISASTER HISTORY OF YOUR REGION, 2) BE WELL - PREPARED 3) HAVE A WARNING SYSTEM 4) HAVE AN EVACUATION PLAN 5) LEARN FROM EVERY GLOBAL EXPERIENCE AND START OVER
  4. 4. DISASTER RESILIENCE HAS A VERY HIGH BENEFIT/COST 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1000 THE PAYOFF IS GREATER SAFETY, SECURITY, AND QUALITY OF LIFE FOR EVRYONE
  5. 5. AT PRESENT, OUR WORLD IS NOT DISASTER RESILIENT • FLOODS • SEVERE WINDSTORMS • EARTHQUAKES • TSUNAMIS • DROUGHTS • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • LANDSLIDES • WILDFIRES
  6. 6. APRIL 30, 2014 MILLIONS OF COMMUNITIES ARE NOT RESILIENT TO FLOOD DISASTERS
  7. 7. BUILDING IN FLOOD PLAIN FLOODS INUNDATION AND SCOUR INTERACTION WITH HAZARDOUS MATERIALS EFFECTS OF WATER ON STRUCTURE & CONTENTS INCREASED POTENTIAL FOR HEALTH PROBLEMS, INJURIES, AND DEATH LOSS OF FUNCTION OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE VULNERABILITY OF NON- STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIES
  8. 8. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL FLOODS PREPAREDNES FOR THE EXPECTED AND UNEXPECTED IS ESSENTIAL FOR BECOMING DISASTER RESILIENT
  9. 9. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL FLOODS EARLY WARN- ING (THE ISS) AND EVACU- ATION ARE ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  10. 10. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL FLOODS TIMELY EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  11. 11. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL FLOODS RECOVERY AND RECON- STRUCTION USUALLY TAKE LONGER THAN THOUGHT.
  12. 12. APRIL 30, 2014 MILLIONS OF COMMUNITIES ARE NOT RESILIENT TO HURRICANE OR TYPHOON DISASTERS
  13. 13. WIND AND WATER PENETRATE BUILDING ENVELOPE SEVERE WINDSTORMS UPLIFT OF ROOF SYSTEM FLYING DEBRIS PENETRATES WINDOWS STORM SURGE AND HEAVY PRECIPITATION IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN POOR WORKMANSHIP IGNORING NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIES
  14. 14. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL WIND- STORMS PREPAREDNES FOR THE EXPECTED AND UNEXPECTED IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  15. 15. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL WINDSTORMS • WITHOUT ADEQUATE PROTECTION, HIGH VELOCITY WIND WILL LIFT THE ROOF OFF OF NON- ENGINEERED BUILDINGS.
  16. 16. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL WINDSTORMS. • DISASTER- INTELLIGENT COMMUNITIES USE TIMELY EARLY WARNING TO EVACUATE PEOPLE AND TO PREPARE.
  17. 17. LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL WINDSTORMS • CAPACITY FOR INTELLIGENT EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
  18. 18. LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL WINDSTORMS • CAPACITY FOR RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
  19. 19. APRIL 30, 2014 MILLIONS OF COMMUNITIES ARE NOT RESILIENT TO EARTHQUAKE DISASTERS
  20. 20. INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKING EARTHQUAKES SOIL AMPLIFICATION PERMANENT DISPLACEMENT (SOIL FAILURE AND SURFACE FAULTING ) IRREGULARITIES IN MASS, STRENGTH, AND STIFFNESS FLOODING FROM TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP AND SEICHE POOR DETAILING OF STRUCTURALSYSTEM IGNORING NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIES
  21. 21. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL EARTHQUAKES PREPAREDNESS FOR ALL OF THE LIKELY AND UNLIKELY HAZARDS AND RISKS IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  22. 22. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL EARTH- QUAKES BUILDING CODES AND LIFELINE STANDARDS ARE ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  23. 23. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL EARTHQUAKES TIMELY EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  24. 24. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL EARTHQUAKES IF APRIORI PLANS FOR RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION ARE ABSENT, THE PROCESS WILL BE LONG, COMPLEX, AND HIGHLY POLITICAL
  25. 25. APRIL 30. 2014 MILLIONS OF COMMUNITIES ARE NOT RESILIENT TO TSUNAMI DISASTERS
  26. 26. HIGH VELOCITY IMPACT OF INCOMING WAVES TSUNAMIS INLAND DISTANCE OF WAVE RUNUP VERTICAL HEIGHT OF WAVE RUNUP INADEQUATE RESISTANCE OF BUILDINGS FLOODING NO WARNING, OR INADEQUATE WARNING PROXIMITY TO SOURCE OF TSUNAMI CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIES
  27. 27. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE • ALL TSUNAMIS. • DISASTER- INTELLIGENT COMMUNITIES USE TIMELY EARLY WARNING FROM A TSUNAMI WARNING SYSTEM TO EVACUATE PEOPLE FROM HARM’S WAY.
  28. 28. LESSON: RECOVERY AND RECON- STRUCTION IS LONG AND COMPLEX
  29. 29. APRIL 30, 2014 MILLIONS OF COMMUNITIES ARE NOT RESILIENT TO DROUGHT DISASTERS
  30. 30. PROLONGED LACK OF PRECIPITATION DROUGHTS LOSS OF SOIL MOSTURE LOSS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY DEPLETION/POLLUTION OF GROUND WATER LOSS OF VEGETATION INSECT INFESTATION PROGRESSIVE LOSS OF LAND BY DESERTIFICATION CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIES
  31. 31. APRIL 30, 2014 MILLIONS OF COMMUNITIES ARE NOT RESILIENT TO VOLCANIC ERUPTION DISASTERS
  32. 32. PROXIMITY TO LATERAL BLAST VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS IN PATH OF PYROCLASTIC FLOWS IN PATH OF FLYING DEBRIS (TEPHRA) IN PATH OF VOLCANIC ASH (AVIATION) IN PATH OF LAVA FLOWS IN PATH OF LAHARS IGNORING WARNING TO EVACUATE CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIES
  33. 33. TECHNOLOGIES FOR MONITORING, FORECASTING, AND WARNING ARE VITAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  34. 34. APRIL30, 2014 MILLIONS OF COMMUNITIES ARE NOT RESILIENT TO LANDSLIDE DISASTERS
  35. 35. BUILDING ON UNSTABLE SLOPES LANDSLIDES SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO FALLS SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO TOPPLES SOIL AND ROCK SUCEPTIBLE TO SPREADS SOIL AND ROCK SUSCEPTIBLE TO FLOWS EXCESSIVE PRECIPITATION OR GROUND SHAKING BARE, OVERSTEEPENED SLOPES CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIES
  36. 36. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL LANDSLIDES PREPAREDNES FOR THE EXPECTED AND UNEXPEDTED IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  37. 37. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL LANDSLIDES TIMELY EMERGENCY RESPONSE (SEARCH AND RESCUE) IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  38. 38. APRIL 30, 2014 MILLIONS OF COMMUNITIES ARE NOT RESILIENT TO WILDFIRE DISASTERS
  39. 39. LIGHTNING STRIKES WILDFIRES MANMADE FIRES PROXIMITY OF URBAN- WILDLANDS INTERFACE WIND DIRECTION AND SPEED DEFORESTATION DENUDED SLOPES HOT, DRY WEATHER CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIES
  40. 40. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL WILDFIRES PREPAREDNES FOR THE EXPECTED AND UNEXPEDTED IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  41. 41. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL WILDFIRES EARLY WARN- ING (THE ISS) AND EVACU- ATION ARE ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  42. 42. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL WILDFIRES TIMELY EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  43. 43. LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCE ALL WILDFIRES RECOVERY AND RECON- STRUCTION USUALLY MEANS HAVING THE CAPACITY TO START OVER.
  44. 44. GLOBAL COMMUNITIES DATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •NATURAL HAZARDS •PEOPLE & BLDGS. •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION DISASTER ASSESS. RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK THE CA: DISASTER RESILIENCE • PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •EARLY WARNING •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION POLICY OPTIONS
  45. 45. EDUCATION FOR GLOBAL DISASTER RESILIENCE THE KNOWLEDGE BASE Best Practices Increased Knowledge, and Understanding Hazard Characterization Vulnerability Assessment Event-Action Associations Collect, Store and Process Data Interface with Other Information Sources Cause & Effect Relationships CAPACITY BUILDING Towards Disaster Resilience Public/Private Sector Partnerships Use of the Knowledge Base Towards “Intelligent Cities” Warning Systems CONTINUING EDUCATION Up Close and Personal Learning Update Knowledge Bases After Each Disaster Disaster Scenarios For Training Distance Learning Educational Surges for Disaster Resilience GOAL: An Infrastructure For Delivering Knowledge and Information to Communities in Real and Near-Real Time
  46. 46. NORTH AMERICA’S DISASTER CAUSING EVENTS • FLOODS • HURRICANES • EARTHQUAKES • TORNADOES • ICE STORMS • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • LANDSLIDES
  47. 47. NORTH AMERICA’S DISASTER CAUSING EVENTS • WILDFIRES • TSUNAMIS • ENVIRONNMENTAL MPACTS • TERRORISM
  48. 48. TOWARDS DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES NORTH AMERICA’S PRIORITIES USE LAND-USE PLAN TO AVOID HAZARDOUS AREAS Integrate Preparedness, Protection, Early Warning, EM Response. and Recovery. & Recon. Strategies MATCH BUILDING AND INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN WITH HAZARD DEMAND IMPROVE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS, EM. RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY IMPROVE CAPABILITY TO CONDUCT PRE-DISASTER STUDIES FOR FUTURE USE IMPROVE PUBLIC AWARENESS IMPROVE HAZARD CHARACTERIZATION MODELS AND SCENARIO MAPS REDUCE URBAN VULNERABILITIES REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
  49. 49. TOWARD DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES NORTH AMERICA’S PRIORITIES (CONTINUED) IMPROVE PREVENTION, MITIGATION AND PREPAREDNESS POLICIES Integrate Preparedness, Protection, Early Warning, EM Response, and Recovery. & Recon. Strategies IMPROVE THE NEXT GENERATION OF BUILDING CODES AND STANDARDS IMPROVE UNDERSTANDING OF DAMAGE FROM EACH POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENT IMPROVE WAYS TO SHARE “BEST PRACTICES” IMPROVE ALL HAZARDS WARNING SYSTEMS IMPROVE WAYS TO SHARE EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES ENHANCE EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMMES CLOSE “IMPLEMENTATION GAPS “
  50. 50. ASIA’S DISASTER CAUSING EVENTS • FLOODS • EARTHQUAKES • TSUNAMIS • TYPHOONS/CYCLONES • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • LANDSLIDES • DROUGHTS • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
  51. 51. TOWARDS DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES ASIA’S PRIORITIES USE LAND-USE PLAN TO AVOID HAZARDOUS AREAS Integrate Preparedness, Protection, Early Warning, EM Response. and Recovery. & Recon. Strategies MATCH BUILDING AND INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN WITH HAZARD DEMAND IMPROVE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS, EM. RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY IMPROVE POST-DISASTER STUDIES FOR THE LESSONS IMPROVE PUBLIC AWARENESS IMPROVE DISASTER PLANNING SCENARIOS REDUCE URBAN VULNERABILITIES REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
  52. 52. TOWARD DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES ASIA’S PRIORITIES (CONTINUED) IMPROVE PREVENTION, MITIGATION AND PREPAREDNESS MODELS Integrate Preparedness, Protection, Early Warning, EM Response, and Recovery. & Recon. Strategies IMPLEMENT AND ENFORCE MODERN BUILDING CODESMENT AND ENFO IMPLEMENT MODERN STANDARDS FOR INFRASTRUCTURE ENVIRONMENTS IMPROVE WAYS TO SHARE “BEST PRACTICES” IMPROVE TSUNQMI WARNING SYSTEMS IMPROVE WAYS TO SHARE EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES ENHANCE EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMMES CLOSE “KNOWLEDGE” AND “IMPLEMENTATION GAPS “ E
  53. 53. PACIFIC RIM’S HAZARDS • SEVERE WINDSTORMS • FLOODS • EARTHQUAKES • TSUNAMIS • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • LANDSLIDES
  54. 54. TOWARD DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES PACIFIC RIM’S PRIORITIES FOCUS CULTURAL DIVERSITY OF REGION ON A COMMON AGENDA Integrated Preparedness, Protection, Early Warning, EM Response. and Recovery & Recon. Strategies y BUILD TECHNICAL AND POLITICAL CAPACITY FOR INT’L ASSISTANCET IMPROVE ALL-HAZRDS COMMUNICATION IMPROVE ALL HAZARDS PARTNERSHIPS FOCUS ON HIGH BENEFIT/COST IMPLE- MENTATION STRATEGIES INCREASE FINANCIAL CAPACITY FOR INSURANCE DECREASE BUILDING AND LIFELINE VULNERABILITUES IMPROVE PUBLIC AWARENESS, EDUCATION AND TRAINING
  55. 55. LATIN AMERICA/CARIBBEAN’S HAZARDS • HURRICANES • EARTHQUAKES • FLOODS • DROUGHTS • LANDSLIDES • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS • TSUNAMIS
  56. 56. TOWARD DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN PRIORITIES INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS OF RISKS Integrated Preparedness, Protection, Early Warning, EM Response. and Recovery & Recon. Strategies IMPROVE POLICIES FOR REDUCING RISKS TO BLDGS. AND INFRASTRUCTURE REDUCE VULNERABILITIES ON LOCAL SCALE CREATE PARTNERSHIPS FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE CREATE MUTUAL ASSISTANCE PACTS REDUCE VULNERABILITIES ON REGIONAL SCALE CONTINUE CAPACITY BUILDING IN ALL SECTORS IMPROVE ALL HAZARDS COMMUNICATION
  57. 57. EUROPE’S HAZARDS • FLOODS • WILDFIRES • SEVERE WINDSTORMS • EARTHQUAKES • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS
  58. 58. TOWARD DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES EUROPE’S PRIORITIES IMPROVE CAPACITY FOR ALL HAZARDS EARLY WARNING Integrated Preparedness, Protection, Early Warning, EM Response. and Recovery & Recon. Strategies CREATE MUTUAL ASSISTANCE PACTS REDUCE BUILDING AND LIFELINE VULNERABILITIES INCREASE PROTECTION OF PEOPLE, LIVELIHOODS, AND CULTURAL HERITAGE CONTINUE TO CLOSE “KNOWLEDGE GAPS? CONTINUE TO CLOSE “IMPLEMENTATION GAPS” IMPROVE CAPACITY FOR ALL HAZARDS EVACUATION IMPROVE PUBLIC AWARENESS, EDUCATION, AND TRAINING
  59. 59. MEDITERRANEAN REGION’S HAZARDS • EARTHQUAKES • FLOODS • DROUGHTS • LANDSLIDES • TSUNAMIS • DUST STORMS • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS (Rare)
  60. 60. TOWARD DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES MEDITERRANEAN REGION’S PRIORITIES INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS Integrated Preparedness, Protection, Early Warning, EM Response. and Recovery & Recon. Strategies IMPROVE EDUCATION AND TRAINING REDUCE VULNERABILITIES TO BUILDINGS & LIFELINES INCREASE PROTECTION OF PEOPLE, LIVELIHOOD, AND CULTURAL HERITAGE IMPROVE ALL HAZARDS MONITORING IMPROVE POLICIES AND BEST PRACTICES FOR RESILIENCE FORGE DISASTER ASSISTANCE PACTS IMPROVE REGIONAL COMMINICATION
  61. 61. SUB-SAHARA AFRICA’S PROBLEMS AND HAZARDS • POLITICAL INSTABILITY • FLOODS • DROUGHTS • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS (rare) • HEALTH IMPACTS • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
  62. 62. TOWARD DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES SUB-SAHARA AFRICA’S PRIORITIES INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS Integrated Preparedness, Protection, Early Warning, EM Response. and Recovery & Recon. Strategies REDUCE SOCIETAL VULNER- ABILITIES TO FLOODS AND DROUGHTS ACCELERATE EDUCATION (WITH FOCUS ON RISK REDUCTION TECHNIQUES) INCREASE PROFESSIONAL TRAINING IMPROVE PUBLIC HEALTH PROGRAMMES IMPROVE CAPACITY FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE ESTABLISH REGIONAL PARTNERSHIPS FOR SUSTAINABILE DEVELOPMENT ESTABLISH MUTUAL ASSISTANCE PACTS

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