Syrian Arab Republic: Humanitarian Dashboard 17 December 2012


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Crisis Description

Recent trends: The security situation deteriorates as conflict has spread across large parts of the country, including to heavily populated areas. Increasing numbers of people are displaced both internally and across borders. The number of Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries and North Africa continues to increase, reaching over 525,000. As winter approaches, vulnerabilities of affected people are increasing.

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Syrian Arab Republic: Humanitarian Dashboard 17 December 2012

  1. Syrian Arab Republic: Humanitarian Dashboard 17 December 2012 Appeals Crisis Description Key Figures Most Affected Groups in Syria Syria Humanitarian Recent trends: The security situation deteriorates as conflict 4 million 3 million Assistance Response people in need of humanitarian people food insecure of which IDPs Children has spread across large parts Plan 2012 of the country, including to assistance across all 14 1.5 million are at imminent risk Many of the 2 million IDPs UNICEF estimates that governorates of food insecurity are located in schools and around half of the IDP US$348 million heavily populated areas. Increasing numbers of people public buildings, which often population are children . requested are displaced both internally 2 million 525,465 360,000 lack or have limited heating Many children have been $184m and across borders. The internally displaced Syrian refugees Palestine refugees and sanitation facilities. Most unable to attend schools for number of Syrian refugees in persons registered in affected within IDPs are hosted in local the past 18 months due to neighboring countries Syria communities whose capacity ongoing violence and 53% neighbouring countries and North Africa continues to to support them has been insecurity. UNHCR increase, reaching over T U R K E Y stretched given the estimates that around half of $164m 525,000. As winter approaches, shortages of water, food and the Syrian refugees in Al-Hasakeh Al-Hasakeh vulnerabilities of affected Aleppo medicines and dwindling neighbouring countries are people are increasing. Ar-Raqqa income. children. Regional Refugee Lattakia Idleb Plan 2012 Impact: The violence has led to Hama Deir-Ez-Zor Q Tartous A the killing of thousands of men, IR $488 million women and children, including Homs Refugees in Women & girls N requested O some deliberately targeted. Women and girls have Syria N Damascus A Countless homes, clinics, reportedly been victims of B $248m Rural Damascus E hospitals, schools and other Syria currently hosts L Quneitra rape and other forms of essential services and Dar’a As-Sweida AN Most Affected Governorates Affected Governorates approximately 500,000 RD sexual violence during the 51% infrastructure such as water J O S Palestine refugees. UNRWA estimates that 360,000 of conflict, including during and sanitation networks have detention. (Independent them are directly affected by $239m been destroyed or severely damaged. Large-scale Constraints A U D I A R A B I A the crisis, thus surpassing International Commission of Inquiry on Syria, Aug. 2012). displacement is resulting in the planning figure of theBoth appeals are underrevision to better reflect the over-crowded shelters. Host Funding Capacity Access SHARP 2012. Over 2,300 25% (625,000) of the affected population aregrowing needs. The revised communities’ capacity to Palestine refugees have fled women aged 15-49 years.appeals will be launched on support is overstretched. to Jordan and approximately The Syria 150,000 deliveries are19 December 2012 Violence makes it difficult for Limited number of Increased insecurity 10,000 to Lebanon. There Humanitarian and partners authorized and incidents expected within a 6-month Baseline people to have access to safe Regional Refugee are currently 63,807 Iraqi to provide involving time-frame. Based on water, food and health care. response plans and 7,000 non-Iraqi Population 22 humanitarian humanitarian assets service providers preliminary remain severely refugees (mainly from (UNDP HDR 2011) million Response: Humanitarian assistance and personnel evidence, the estimated C- underfunded Afghanistan and Somalia) GDP per capita $2,931 partners continue to deliver section rate of all deliveries registered with UNHCR. A (UN Data 2011) critical life-saving assistance; is 44% (15% higher than Forecasted 18% however, the deteriorating Coordination large number of Iraqi refugees have returned to average), due to the unemployment security situation is severely UN Regional Humanitarian Coordinator: Mr. Radhouane Nouicer concerns of pregnant Iraq since mid-July. The 2012 hampering field missions and UN presence: FAO; OCHA; UNDP; UNDSS; UNFPA; UNHCR; women as well as difficulty economic, social and (EIU) aid delivery. During the months UNICEF; UNRWA; WFP; WHO. Other: IOM in accessing services protection vulnerabilities of <5 mortality 16 of November and December, Humanitarian Group to strengthen the humanitarian response and (UNFPA). coordination. refugees in Syria are (UNICEF 2010) million several incidents involving increasing and refugees United Nations and its humanitarian partners have set up ten sector Life expectancy 76 years humanitarian assets took place. working groups in the areas of Community Services/Protection; require additional support, Human 119 of Food; Health; Education; ICT; Livelihoods; Logistics; NFIs/Shelter; including financial Development 187 WASH; and Psychosocial Sub-group. assistance. Index Rate
  2. Sectoral Update Sectors Situation ResponseSHARP 2012 Health Access to health care facilities, both for patients and WHO supports local NGOs in Homs, Damascus, Rif (including health care providers, as well as the availability of Damascus, Aleppo, Hama to provide outreach healthFunding as of 17 Dec 2012 (in million US$) nutrition) essential medicines remain the main obstacles to services for the affected population. the provision of health care. UNFPA provided support to reproductive health services % funded Two Maternal hospitals in Damascus reported a including emergency obstetric care and psycho-social Food funded 122 75% doubling of the C-section rates over the last few support to approximately 24,000 women in Aleppo, Ar- Shelter & NFIs 61 47% months. Pregnant women expressed difficulties in Raqqa, Damascus, Homs and Rural Damascus. Moreover, reaching health facilities in time of the delivery. 2,200 women received reproductive health vouchers which Health 53 35% Increasing concerns over the nutritional status of enabled them to access maternal health services at no cost. Livelihoods 42 37% children living in collective centres, in particular On 26 November, the Ministry of Health with UNICEF’s and micro-nutrient deficiencies are reported. WHO’s support launched a measles and polio vaccination Community Services 18 18% campaign targeting 1.4 million children under 5 years of age Water, Sanitation and… 17 24% in 13 governorates; as of 10 December, over 517,000 children have been vaccinated against measles and Education 14 10% 635,000 against polio. Logistics &… 9 51% Food 3 million Syrians are at risk of food insecurity, WFP and SARC provide food assistance for 1.5 million Coordination 6 107% Security including 1.5 million who need urgent and immediate people in all 14 governorates. food assistance over the next 3-6 months. FAO emergency programme targets 20,045 poor farmers Staff Safety Services 6 30% Poor pastoral and agro-pastoral livelihood with small and pastoral families. To date, 9,500 households have been flocks have already lost or sold significant number of included in FAO beneficiaries list. Distribution of barley and animals. Due to limited access to grazing areas and wheat seeds started in November (completion by mid-Number of People planned to be targeted by sector high animal feed prices small holders are at risk of December). Animal feed distribution targeting 14,300(in million) being destitute by the end of the winter. families will continue over the winter period. Health & Nutrition 2.5 Shelter Many of the 1.2 million internally displaced people To date, UNHCR distributed essential non-food items for and Non- are staying in public buildings or schools and left about 301,390 people (60,278 families). Food 1.7 Food their homes with nothing or limited belongings. The Ministry of Local Administration has selected 40 Items collective shelters for immediate rehabilitation out of 520 Shelter & NFIs 1.6 potential sites. UNHCR and INGOs will start rehabilitation (NFIs) Water, Sanitation and… 1.3 for selected shelters which is expected to benefit 20,000 people this year. Livelihoods 0.6 Water, The Minister of Water Resources reported a UNICEF and partners provided hygiene kits to 202,500 Education 0.2 Sanitation worsening situation in terms of access to water and people. UNFPA provided 33,750 hygiene kits in 11 and sanitation and the consequent destruction of civilian governorates.Please note these figures are approximate and that one person may receive Hygiene WASH infrastructure. Chlorine supplies are With UNICEF support, Premiere Urgence delivers dailyassistance from more than one sector precarious. WASH shortages are reported in most of water trucking to 13 collective shelters hosting IDPs in the collective shelters. A comprehensive WASH Damascus, covering about 5,000 people. UNICEF, in needs assessments will be conducted in December. partnership with Secours Islamique, is providing drinkingTop 10 donors of the SHARP (in million US$) water, and rehabilitating sanitation facilities to benefit 7,000 United States displaced people in 25 collective shelters in Damascus and 65 Rural Damascus. CERF 28 United Kingdom 17 Education 2,362 out of the country’s 22,000 public schools With UNICEF support, 106 school clubs are operating in have been damaged. 1,956 schools and other public Dara’a, Rural Damascus, Lattakia and Tartous, providing European Commission 17 buildings are hosting IDPs across Syria (Ministry of remedial classes, recreational activities and psycho-social Germany 9 Education/UNICEF November 2012). support for 23,340 students. Russian Federation 6 Unearmarked funds by… 6 Logistics Fuel supplies is one of the major challenges facing WFP provides free common services of cargo logistics operations due to the limited availability of transportation, storage and handling for humanitarian Sweden 5 diesel in country which oblige authorities in charge partners. A new logistic hub is located in Safita and the Australia 5 of fuel supply to prioritize the diesel supplies to Qamishly warehouse is operational. WFP also established Switzerland 4 bakeries, hospitals, and schools. an operational fuel depot for humanitarian partners on a cost-recovery basis.
  3. Pooled Funding / Humanitarian Snapshot Pooled Funds Humanitarian Snapshot (Refugee figures as of 17 December 2012; IDP figures as estimated by SARC as of September 2012)Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)$51.7 million allocated (since May 2011)57% allocated to Syria Humanitarian Response Plan Iraq Jordan $2.6 $4 5% 7% Lebanon $3 6% Turkey $2.1 4% Syria $40.1 78% in million US$Emergency Response Fund (ERF)$8.1 million allocated62% allocated to Syria Jordan Lebanon $1.4 $1.2 17% 15% Iraq $0.5 6% Syria $4.9 61% in million US$
  4. RefugeesTrend AnalysisAs of 17 December 2012, the number of Syrian refugees registered or awaiting registration is over 525,000. Since the beginning of this month, more than 50,000 refugees were registered and orassisted in Syria’s neighbouring countries and North Africa. In the region, Lebanon hosts the largest Syrian registered refugee community (157,845 individuals), followed by Jordan (148,592), Turkey(141,240) and Iraq (66,048) Refugee numbers have also increased in North Africa (11,740). Furthermore an estimated 22,000 Syrians have fled to various European countries. Jordan 525,465 525,465 Lebanon total Turkey 309 375 Iraq 432,740 North Africa 2 13 % 245 92,725 28 % % 96 132 96 27 78 141,240 % 30 % 1 1 1 1 1 1 Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov148,592 141,240in Jordan in Turkey 104 106 108 88 81 80 40 44 31 36 23 26 157,845 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov 66,048157,845 66,048in Lebanon in Iraq 108 82 148,592 65 46 35 30 35 27 20 12 5 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov The figures in this map have been updated by OCHA with UNHCR figures as of 17 Dec. 2012