Part 3 Early Warning: The Five Pillars Of Disaster Resilience

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Preparedness is a state of readiness on individual, urban, sub-regional, and national scales that is sufficient to keep the disaster agents of a natural hazard from causing a disaster. The state-of-monitoring and messaging in “the moment” increases as a community’s capability to understand what will likely happen increases. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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Part 3 Early Warning: The Five Pillars Of Disaster Resilience

  1. 1. EXAMPLE 4: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • MEMPHIS, TN (USA) FLOOD THREAT: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION AND/OR SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  2. 2. THE FIVE PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE Part 3: Early Warning
  3. 3. •MONITORING •HAZARD MAPS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATIONR DATA BASES AND INFORMATION ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK YOUR BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE NATION 5 PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •EARLY WARNING •EM RESPONSE •RECOVERY
  4. 4. DISASTER RESILIENCE IS A FAILED POLICY WITHOUT THE ADOPTION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FIVE INTEGRATED POLICIES (i.e., The Five Pillars of Disaster Resilience)
  5. 5. WHAT IS PREPAREDNESS, THE FIRST PILLAR? (Preparedness is a state of readiness on individual, urban, sub-regional, and national scales that is sufficient to keep the disaster agents of a natural hazard from causing a disaster
  6. 6. WHAT IS PROTECTION, THE SECOND PILLAR? (Protection is a mandated state of robustness and strength for important buildings and essential - critical infrastructure to prevent loss of function when a natural hazard ocurs
  7. 7. EARLY WARNING, THE THIRD PILLAR, IS ALSO ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
  8. 8. WHAT IS EARLY WARNING? (Early Warning is a state of monitoring and messaging “in the moment” that activates evacuation plans to save lives and accelerates site-specific preparedness to protect property
  9. 9. KEY ELEMENTS OF MONITORING • Land-, air-, ocean-, and satellite- based instrument packages and systems that monitor signals in real time related to the creation, formation, movement, and changes of the potential disaster agents of hurricanes, typhoons, cyclones, earthquakes and tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and wildfires.
  10. 10. KEY ELEMENTS OF MONITORING (continued) • The data on the creation, formation, and movement of potential disaster agents generated by hurricanes and typhoons, earthquakes and tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and wildfires are transmitted to analysis centers for analysis and messaging, as appropriate, on the perceived threats.
  11. 11. KEY ELEMENTS OF MESSAGING • A CREDIBLE SOURCE: e.g., National Hurricane Centers; Tsunami Warning Center. others • THE MESSAGE: e.g., The threat, where and when it will happen; actions that are appropriate to go out of harm’s way, or, if not evacuating, to accelerate increased preparedness
  12. 12. KEY ELEMENTS OF MESSAGING • COMMUNICATION CHANNELS: satellite –based, real-time, electronic messaging processes that connect the data analysis centers to institutions in every nation as well as global media outlets. • THE RECEIVERS: Some, but not all of the people who receive the message, will understand and respond.
  13. 13. EXAMPLES OF PEOPLE TYPICALLY EVACUATED • PEOPLE LIVING IN THE ”RED DANGER ZONES” • SCHOOL CHILDREN • THE ELDERLY AND HANDICAPPED • PATIENTS IN HOSPITALS, • TOURISTS • HOMELESS
  14. 14. EXAMPLES OF THINGS TYPICALLY EVACUATED • FISHING BOATS • NAVAL SHIPS • MILITARY AIRCRAFT
  15. 15. EXAMPLES OF SITE-SPECIFIC “ACCELERATED PREPAREDNESS” • HOUSES, SCHOOLS, AND HOSPITALS IN THE ”RED DANGER ZONE” • BUSINESSES AND HOTELS IN THE ”RED DANGER ZONES”
  16. 16. THE GOAL DISASTER RESILIENCE: DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY CAPABILITIES OF COMMUNITY
  17. 17. REALITY LACK OF DISASTER RESILIENCE INSUFFICIENT EARLY WARNING BEFORE A NATURAL HAZARD STRIKES UNANTICIPATED DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY
  18. 18. ANY COMMUNITY CAN INCREASE ITS STATE-OFMONITORING AND MESSAGING ON THE POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS OF ANY NATURAL HAZARD
  19. 19. THE STATE-OF-MONITORING AND MESSAGING IN “THE MOMENT” INCREASES AS A COMMUNITY’S CAPABILITY TO UNDERSTAND WHAT WILL LIKELY HAPPEN INCREASES
  20. 20. NATURAL HAZARDS FOR WHICH EVACUATION IS TYPICAL FLOODS GOAL: MOVE PEOPLE OUT OF HARM’S WAY HIGH BENEFIT/COST FOR SAVING LIVES, BUT LOW BEMEFIT/COST FOR PROTECTING PROPERTY HURRICANES TYPHOONS TSUNAMIS VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS WILDFIRES
  21. 21. EXAMPLE 1: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • HURRICANE “IKE” FROM THE ISS: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION AND/OR SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  22. 22. EXAMPLE 2: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • CHILE: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION AND/OR SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  23. 23. EXAMPLE 3: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • INDONESIA TSUNAMI: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION AND/OR SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  24. 24. EXAMPLE 4: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • MEMPHIS, TN (USA) FLOOD THREAT: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION AND/OR SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  25. 25. EXAMPLE 5: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • AUSTRALIA 2006’S CYCLONE TRACKS: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION AND/OR SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  26. 26. EXAMPLE 6: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • AUSTRALIA CYCLONE HAMISH: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION AND/OR SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  27. 27. EXAMPLE 7: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • ATLANTIC BASIN 2012’s STORM TRACKS: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION AND/OR SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  28. 28. EXAMPLE 8: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • PADANG, INDONESIA FLOODING: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION AND/OR SITE-SPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  29. 29. EXAMPLE 9: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • BRISBANE AUSTRALIA FLOODING: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION AND/OR SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  30. 30. EXAMPLE 10: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • MYANMAR CYCLONE NARGIS: “IN THE MOMENT” EARLY WARNING FAILED; NO EVACUATION AND NO SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  31. 31. EXAMPLE 11: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • MYANMAR CYCLONE NARGIS: “AFTER THE MOMENT” EVACUATION OF THE HOMELESS SURVIVORS
  32. 32. EXAMPLE 12: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • MYANMAR CYCLONE NARGIS: “AFTER THE MOMENT” EVACUATION OF SURVIVORS IN “RED ZONE.”
  33. 33. EXAMPLE 13: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • AMERICAN SAMOA TSUNAMI: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION OF SURVIVORS IN “RED ZONE”AND/OR SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  34. 34. EXAMPLE 14: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • CHILE 2012 TSUNAMI TRAVEL PATH: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION OF PEOPLE IN “RED ZONES”AND/OR SITE-SPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  35. 35. EXAMPLE 15: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • NIGERIA 2012 FLOOD: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION OF PEOPLE IN “RED ZONE.”
  36. 36. EXAMPLE 16: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • NORTH DAKOTA (USA) FLOOD: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF “RED ZONE” SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS (SAND BAG PREPARATION)
  37. 37. EXAMPLE 17: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • CORPUS CHRISTI, TX (USA) TROPICAL STORM DOLLY: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF “RED ZONE” SITESPECIFIC PREPAREDNESS
  38. 38. EXAMPLE 18: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • NORTH CAROLINA (USA) HURRICANE EARL: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION FROM OUTER BANKS
  39. 39. EXAMPLE 19: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • 2009’s TYPHOON KETSANA: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION OF PEOPLE IN “RED ZONE” TO A GYMN
  40. 40. EXAMPLE 20: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • ATHENS GREECE 2009’s WILDFIRE:“IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION OF PEOPLE IN THE “RED ZONE.
  41. 41. EXAMPLE 22: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • JAPAN 2011’S TSUNAMI:“IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION OF PEOPLE IN THE “RED ZONE WAS ONLY 45 MINUTES LONG.
  42. 42. EXAMPLE 21: A NEED FOR EARLY WARNING • MEXICO 2013’s HURRICANE MANUEL: “IN THE MOMENT” FACILITATION OF EVACUATION OF TOURISTS.
  43. 43. CONCLUSION With Today’s Books of Knowledge, Innovative Capacity Building to Improve Early Warning for Floods, Hurricanes, Typhoons, Volc anic Eruptions, and Wildfires is possible.

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