Part 2 Protection: The Five Pillars Of Disaster Resilience

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Disaster resilience is a failed policy without the adoption and implementation of five integrated policies (i.e., The Five Pillars of Disaster Resilience) With Today’s Books of Knowledge, Innovative Capacity Building to Protect Important Buildings and Basic, essential, and Critical, Infrastructure is possible. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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Part 2 Protection: The Five Pillars Of Disaster Resilience

  1. 1. THE FIVE PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE Part 2: Protection
  2. 2. DISASTER RESILIENCE IS A FAILED POLICY WITHOUT THE ADOPTION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FIVE INTEGRATED POLICIES (i.e., The Five Pillars of Disaster Resilience)
  3. 3. •MONITORING •HAZARD MAPS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATIONR DATA BASES AND INFORMATION ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK YOUR BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE NATION 5 PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •EARLY WARNING •EM RESPONSE •RECOVERY
  4. 4. PROTECTION OF IMPORTANT BUILDINGS AND INFRASTRUCTURE IS AN ESSENTIAL PILLAR OF DISASTER RESILIENCE
  5. 5. THE GOAL DISASTER RESILIENCE: DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY CAPABILITIES OF COMMUNITY
  6. 6. REALITY LACK OF DISASTER RESILIENCE INSUFFICIENT PROTECTION OF COMMUNITY BLDGS. & INFRASTRUCTURE UNANTICIPATED DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY
  7. 7. WHAT IS PROTECTION? (Protection is a mandated state of robustness, strength, and ductility for important buildings and essential - critical infrastructure to prevent loss of function when a natural hazard ocurs
  8. 8. THE STATE-OF-PROTECTION IN A COMMUNITY INCREASES AS A COMMUNITY’S CAPABILITY TO ANTICIPATE WHAT WILL HAPPEN INCREASES
  9. 9. WHAT IS PREPAREDNESS? (Preparedness is a state of readiness on individual, urban, sub-regional, and national scales that is sufficient to keep the disaster agents of a natural hazard from causing a disaster
  10. 10. THE STATE-OF-READINESS IN A COMMUNITY INCREASES AS A COMMUNITY’S CAPABILITY TO ANTICIPATE WHAT WILL HAPPEN INCREASES
  11. 11. ANY COMMUNITY CAN INCREASE ITS STATE-OFPROTECTION AGAINST THE POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS OF ANY NATURAL HAZARD
  12. 12. ALL “PROTECTION ACTIVITIES” RELY ON CAPABILITY TO ANTICIPATE • HAZARD AND RISK ZONATION (INUNDATION, GROUND SHAKING, AND HIGH-VELOCITY WIND FIELDS) • URBAN PLANNING (AVOIDANCE) • CONSTRUCTION INCORPORATING BUILDING CODES AND LIFELINE STANDARDS • SITE-SPECIFIC DESIGN
  13. 13. ALL “PROTECTION ACTIVITIES” RELY ON CAPABILITY TO ANTICIPATE • ACTIVE AND PASSIVE ENERGY DISSIPATION DEVICES (e.g., BASE ISOLATION) • PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR BASIC, ESSENTIAL, AND CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE) …
  14. 14. WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED? • THE NATURAL HAZARD (S) THAT IS/ARE MOST LIKELY TO OCCUR? • WHERE AND WHEN WILL IT/THEY OCCUR? • HOW STRONG WILL THE POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS OF EACH HAZARD BE?
  15. 15. WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED (Continued)? • WHAT KINDS OF BUILDINGS ARE AT RISK? • WHAT KINDS OF BASIC, ESSENTIAL, AND CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE ARE AT RISK? • WHAT ARE THEIR PHYSICAL VULNERABILITIES
  16. 16. WHAT NEEDS TO BE ANTICIPATED (Continued)? • WHAT ARE THE LIKELY SOCIAL VULNERABILITIES • WHAT IS THE LIKELY DAMAGE DISTRIBUTION? • WHAT ARE THE LIKELY CASUALTIES, SOCIOECONOMIC, AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS?
  17. 17. BUILDINGS NEEDING PROTECTION? • • • • • • • HIGH-RISES SCHOOLS HOSPITALS MILITARY INSTALLATIONS THE CAPITOL THE LEGISLATURE TH PRESIDENTIAL PALACE
  18. 18. INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDING PROTECTION • UTILITY SYSTEMS (GAS, POWER, WATER) • SEWAGE SYSTEMS • PIPELINES • TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS (HIGHWAYS, BRIDGES, TRANSIT, AIRPORTS, …)
  19. 19. INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDING PROTECTEION • • • • • COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS LEVEES AND DAMS POWER PLANTS NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS HAZ MAT STORAGE TANKS
  20. 20. POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS TO PROTECT AGAINST • • • • • • INUNDATION STRONG WIND FIELD STRONG GROUND SHAKING LIQUEFACTION LANDSLIDES FIRE
  21. 21. EXAMPLE 1: A NEED FOR PROTECTION • CHINA EARTHQUAKE: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  22. 22. EXAMPLE 2: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • EGYPT ASWAN HIGH DAM: PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  23. 23. EXAMPLE 3: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • ALGERIA (ALGIERS, A CAPITAL CITY): PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  24. 24. EXAMPLE 3: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • ALGERIA (BOUMEDES) AFTER EARTHQUAKE: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  25. 25. EXAMPLE 4: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • ITALY (IRPINIA) AFTER EARTHQUAKE: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  26. 26. EXAMPLE 5: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • OKLAHOMA, USA HOSPITAL AFTER TORNADO: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  27. 27. EXAMPLE 6: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • JAPAN ELEVATED EXPRESSWAY AFTER EARTHQUAKE: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  28. 28. EXAMPLE 7: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • CALIFORNIA OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE AFTER EARTHQUAKE: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  29. 29. EXAMPLE 8: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • SAN FRANCISCO CITY HALL (BASE ISOLATION): PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  30. 30. EXAMPLE 9: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • ARIZONA, USA AQUEDUCT: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  31. 31. EXAMPLE 10: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • SAN FRANCISCO INT’L AIRPORT (BASE ISOLATION): PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  32. 32. EXAMPLE 11: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • CHILE HIGHWAY SYSTEM: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  33. 33. EXAMPLE 12: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • NEW ORLEANS AFTER HURRICANE KATRINA: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  34. 34. EXAMPLE 13: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • CHILE INUNDATION: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  35. 35. EXAMPLE 14: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • CHINA (YA’AN CITY) AFTER EARTHQUAKE: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  36. 36. EXAMPLE 15: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • GULF OF MEXICO OIL RIG: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  37. 37. EXAMPLE 16: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • PAKISTAN COLLAPSED BUILDINGS AFTER EARTHQUAKE: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  38. 38. EXAMPLE 17: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • HAITI PRESIDENTIAL PALACE AFTER EARTHQUAKE: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  39. 39. EXAMPLE 18: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • JAPAN FUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  40. 40. EXAMPLE 19: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • MEXICO (MEXICO CITY AND “POPO): PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  41. 41. EXAMPLE 20: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION”E • PERU BRIDGE AFTER LANDSLIDE): PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  42. 42. EXAMPLE 21: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • USA INTERSTATE HWY 44 INUNDATED: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  43. 43. EXAMPLE 22: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • JAPAN ELEVATED EXPRESSWAY AFTER EARTHQUAKE: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  44. 44. EXAMPLE 23: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • CHINA BEIJING (CAPITAL CITY) AFTER FLOOD: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  45. 45. EXAMPLE 24: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION”E • PERU BRIDGE AFTER LANDSLIDE): PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  46. 46. EXAMPLE 25: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • USA INTERSTATE HWY 44 INUNDATED: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  47. 47. EXAMPLE 26: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • CHINA THREE GORGES DAM: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  48. 48. EXAMPLE 27: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • ALASKA USA SCHOOL: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  49. 49. EXAMPLE 28: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • TENNESSEE (USA) ELEVATED RAILROAD BRIDGE DURING A FLOOD: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  50. 50. EXAMPLE 29: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • SRI LANKA AFTER TSUNAMI WAVE RUN UP: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  51. 51. EXAMPLE 30: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • RUSSUA WILDFIRE NEAR THE KREMLIN: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  52. 52. EXAMPLE 31: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • AUSTRALIA (QUEENSLAND) A FLOOD: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  53. 53. EXAMPLE 32: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • AMERICAN SAMOA TSUNAMI WAVE RUN UP: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  54. 54. EXAMPLE 33: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • TRINIDADTOBAGO FLOOD: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  55. 55. EXAMPLE 34: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • JAPAN TSUNAMI WAVE RUN UP: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  56. 56. EXAMPLE 35: A NEED FOR “PROTECTION” • RUSSIA EARTHQUAKE: PROPER PRIOR PROTECTION PREVENTS POOR PERFORMANCE
  57. 57. CONCLUSION With Today’s Books of Knowledge, Innovative Capacity Building to Protect Important Buildings and Basic, essential, and Critical, Infrastructure is possible.

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