Part 2 2014 A NEW FOCUS ON EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE

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The objective of this presentation is to facilitate planning for the 3rd World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction to be convened in Japan in March 2015. Preparedness is a state of readiness on individual, urban, sub-regional, and national scales that is sufficient to keep the expected and unexpected effects of an earthquake from causing a disaster. Protection is a legally mandated state of planning and verified robustness, strength, and ductility for important buildings and essential - critical infrastructure to prevent loss of function. Emergency Response is all of the scripted and unscripted heroic and historic responses during the “race against time” after a quake to save lives and protect property. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction.

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Part 2 2014 A NEW FOCUS ON EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE

  1. 1. 2014 A NEW FOCUS ON EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE Part 2 of 2 Parts
  2. 2. THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS PRESENTATION IS TO FACILITATE PLANNING FOR THE 3rd WORLD CONFEENCE TO BE CONVENED IN JAPAN IN 2015
  3. 3. THE PERSPECTIVE IS THE USA, BUT IT CAN BE CHANGED TO THAT OF ANOTHER NATION BY SUBSTITUTING THE APPROPRIATE PICTURES AND INFORMATION
  4. 4. YOUR COMMUNITY DATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •MONITORING •HAZARD MAPS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE •PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •EM RESPONSE •RECOSTRUCTION AND RECOVERY EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE
  5. 5. PREPAREDNESS AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE ARE ESSENTIAL PILLARS OF EARTHQUIAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE
  6. 6. THE GOAL DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE: CAPABILITIES OF COMMUNITY
  7. 7. REALITY UNANTICIPATED DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY LACK OF EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS INSUFFICIENT PREPAREDNESS OF COMMUNITY
  8. 8. REALITY URGENT DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY LACK OF EMERGENCY RESPONSE CAPABILITY INSUFFICIENT CAPABILITY TO RESPOND TO DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY
  9. 9. WHAT IS EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS? Preparedness is a state of readiness on individual, urban, sub-regional, and national scales that is sufficient to keep the expected and unexpected effects of an earthquake from causing a disaster
  10. 10. ANTICIPATION IS THE KEY TO PREPAREDNESS • STRONG GROUND SHAKING • TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP • LIQUEFACTION • LANDSLIDES • AFTERSHOCKS • VULNERABILITIES
  11. 11. WHAT IS PROTECTION? Protection is a legally mandated state of planning and verified robustness, strength, and ductility for important buildings and essential - critical infrastructure to prevent loss of function
  12. 12. WHAT IS EMERGENCY RESPONSE (Emergency Response is All of the scripted and unscripted heroic and historic responses during the “race against time” after a quake to save lives and protect property
  13. 13. EXAMPLE: HAZ-MAT RELEASE AND FIRE • ALASKA (1964): Timely responses during a thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  14. 14. EXAMPLE: DAMAGE TO NUCLEAR POWER PLANT • JAPAN (2011): Timely responses during a thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  15. 15. EXAMPLE: SEARCH AND RESCUE • CHINA (2013): • Timely responses during a forty-eight hour “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  16. 16. EXAMPLE: EMERGENCY MEDICAL • CHINA (2008): Timely responses during a forty-eight hour “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  17. 17. EXAMPLE: EMERGENCY MEDICAL • CHINA (2008): • Timely responses during a forty-eight hour “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  18. 18. EXAMPLE: CONCENTRATION OF RESOURCES • PAKISTAN (2005): Timely responses during a thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  19. 19. EXAMPLE: MASS CARE • CHILE EARTHQUAKE: “The race against time” to save lives and protect property starts immediately.
  20. 20. EXAMPLE: A TENT CITY • HAITI (2010): Timely mass care during a thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  21. 21. EXAMPLE: DEBRIS FROM TSUNAMI WAVE RUN UP • SENDAI, JAPAN AFTER THE MARCH 2011 TSUNAMI: Timely responses during a thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  22. 22. EXAMPLE: PACIFIC RIM FORECAST OF TSUNAMI • CHILE: TSUNAMI: Timely responses during the forty-eight hour and a thirty day “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  23. 23. EXAMPLE: TAKING CARE OF THE DEAD • IRPINIA, ITALY EARTHQUAKE (1980): • Timely responses during a forty-eight hour “race against time” to save lives and protect property
  24. 24. CONCLUSION EVERY TIME AN EARTHQUAKE DISASTER OCCURS, WE HAVE NEW KNOWLEDGE TO ADD TO OUR “BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE” FOR ANTICIPATING FUTURE IMPACTS

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