Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
OUR WORLD IS AT RISK
• FLOODS
• SEVERE
WINDSTORMS
• EARTHQUAKES
• TSUNAMIS
• DROUGHTS
• VOLCANIC
ERUPTIONS
• LANDSLIDES
• ...
THE CASE FOR A MAJOR
PARADIGMN SHIFT FROM
RESPONSE TO ANTICIPATION AND
DISASTER RESILIENCY
DURING 2014 AND BEYOND
PART 1
OUR WORLD IS AT RISK
• FLOODS
• SEVERE
WINDSTORMS
• EARTHQUAKES
• TSUNAMIS
• DROUGHTS
• VOLCANIC
ERUPTIONS
• LANDSLIDES
• ...
LIVING WITH NATURAL HAZARDS
NO DISASTERS:

DEMANDS ON
COMMUNITY

CAPABILITIES OF
COMMUNITY
LIVING WITH NATURAL HAZARDS
A DISASTER:

INSUFFICIENT
CAPABILITIES OF
COMMUNITY
INCREASED
DEMANDS ON
COMMUNITY
DISASTER RISK
•ALL HAZARDS MAPS
•INVENTORY
•VULNERABILITY
•LOCATION

ACCEPTABLE RISK
RISK
UNACCEPTABLE RISK

TOWARDS ALL H...
RESILIENCY MEASURES
• PREPAREDNESS
(ANTICIPATE
EVERYTHING)
• PROTECTION
(BUILD TO
WITHSTAND)
• EARLY WARNING
(GET OUT OF
H...
RESILIENCY MEASURES
• EMERGENCY
RESPONSE
(SAVE LIVES &
PROTECT
PROPERTY)
• RECOVERY AND
RECONSTRUCTION
(RESTORE & NORMALIZ...
LET’S TALK ABOUT
BENEFIT-TO-COST
RATIOS
JUST FOR FOR EARTHQUAKES
NOTE: Actual B/C Ratios Are A
Function Of Each National
E...
DISASTER RESILIENCE HAS A
VERY HIGH BENEFIT/COST
1 < BENEFIT/COST <
1,000,000

THE PAYOFF IS A
BETTER, SAFER, AND
MORE SEC...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
PUBLIC AWARENESS
ENABLES ALL SECTORS OF
THE PUBLIC TO KNOW
THEIR RISKS AND HOW TO
...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
PROPERTY CASUALTY
INSURANCE
SPEEDS RECOVERY &
RECONSTRUCTION;
CAN PROMOTE
PROTECTI...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
BUILDING CODE
PREVENTS
COLLAPSE; REDUCES LOSS OF
LIFE AND DAMAGE
1 < BENEFIT/COST ...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
LIFELINE STANDARDS
PROTECTS
COMMUNITY
INFRASTRUCTURE
1 < BENEFIT/COST <
1,000
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
NON-STRUCTURAL
PROTECTION
PROTECTS
CONTENTS AND
EQUIPMENT
1 < BENEFIT/COST <
1,000
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
DEMOLITION OF
COLLAPSE-HAZARD
BUILDINGS
PREVENTS ALMOST
CERTAIN LOSS OF
LIFE
1 < B...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
SEISMIC ZONATION
IDENTIFIES LOCATIONS
SUSCEPTIBLE TO
SURFACE FAULTING,
SOIL AMPLIF...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
RETROFIT,
STRENGTHENING, &
REHABILITATION
ELIMINATES
VULNERABILITIES;
REDUCES DAMA...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
EDUCATION AND
TRAINING
EXPANDS PROFESSIONAL AND
POLITICAL CAPACITY
1 < BENEFIT/COS...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
SOIL REMEDIATION
PREVENTS
LIQUEFACTION,
LANDSLIDES, AND
LATERAL SPREADS
1 < BENEFI...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
PERFORMANCE
BASED DESIGN
PREVENTS LOSS OF
FUNCTION AND USE
OF IMPORTANT
STRUCTURES...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
URBAN PLANNING
CONTROLS DENSITY
AND USE OF LAND;
PROMOTES AVOIDANCE STRATEGIES
1 <...
BENEFIT/COST OF BECOMING
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT
DISASTER
SCENARIOS
FACILITATES
COMMUNITY
PREPAREDNESS FOR
THE KNOWN AND
UNKN...
A BENEFIT/COST OF
EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE
RELOCATION AND
REROUTING
REDUCES
LIKELIHOOD OF
DAMAGE AND LOSS
1< BENEFIT/COST <
1...
OVERVIEW OF
THE EARTHQUAKE
EXPERIENCE
SEISMICITY: USA
SEISMICITY
SEISMICITY
Schematic Diagram of the
Earthquake Mechanism
WEST

NORTH
Schematic Diagram of the
Earthquake Mechanism
WEST

NORTH
EARTHQUAKE

VIBRATION

DAMAGE/LOSS

DAMAGE/ LOSS

REGIONAL
DEFORMATION

DAMAGE/ LOSS

DAMAGE/ LOSS

AMPLIFICATION

DAMAGE/...
EARTHQUAKE HAZARD
CHARACTERIZATION
•
•
•
•

WHERE?
WHEN?
HOW BIG?
SEVERITY OF
GROUND
SHAKING?
• SEVERITY OF
OTHER EFFECTS?...
ITALY: MMI MAP
PUERTO RICO:
PGA MAP
SITUATION: SURFACE FAULT
RUPTURE
SITUATION: LIVING IN AN
ACTIVE FAULT ZONE
SITUATION: SURFACE FAULT
RUPTURE
A TSUNAMI
• TSUNAMIS TRAVEL AT
800 KM/ HOUR,
SLOWING TO 50-500
KM/HR AS SHORE IS
REACHED
• WAVE HEIGHTS CAN
REACH 30 M OR ...
LOCATIONS
• TSUNAMIS OCCUR
MOST FREQUENTLY IN
THE CIRCUM-PACIFIC
REGION
• OTHER LOCATIONS
INCLUDE: INDIAN
OCEAN, HAWAII,
C...
SITUATION:TSUNAMI WAVE
RUNUP
SITUATION: TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP
- HAWAII
SITUATION: AFTER TSUNAMI WAVE
RUN UP
SITUATION: GROUND SHAKING
DAMAGE

The Kocaeli
(Turkey) Earthquake
of 17 August 1999
SITUATION: COLLAPSE OF
HIGH-RISE APARTMENT UNIT
SITUATION: FAILURE OF URM
BUILDING
SITUATION: DAMAGE TO
HOUSING UNIT
SITUATION: DAMAGE TO A
HOUSING UNIT
SITUATION: DAMAGE TO
HOUSING UNITS
SITUATION: DAMAGE TO
HOUSING UNITS
SITUATION: DAMAGE TO HOUSING
UNITS
SITUATION: COLLAPSE OF
HOUSING UNITS
SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE-LIQUEFACTION
SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE-LANDSLIDE
SITUATION: LANDSLIDE AT
TURNAGAIN HEIGHTS
• THE 1964 PRINCE
WILLIAM SOUND
EARTHQUAKE
TRIGGERED A LARGE
VOLUME LANDSLIDE
AT...
SITUATION: LOSS OF POWER AND
AN URBAN FIRE
THE CASE FOR A MAJOR
PARADIGMN SHIFT FROM
RESPONSE TO ANTICIPATION AND
DISASTER RESILIENCY
DURING 2014 AND BEYOND
GO TO PA...
Part 1  The Case For A Major Paradigmn Shift Towards Disaster Resiliency During 2014 And Beyond
Part 1  The Case For A Major Paradigmn Shift Towards Disaster Resiliency During 2014 And Beyond
Part 1  The Case For A Major Paradigmn Shift Towards Disaster Resiliency During 2014 And Beyond
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Part 1 The Case For A Major Paradigmn Shift Towards Disaster Resiliency During 2014 And Beyond

994 views

Published on

It will require new thinking and a strategic concentration of limited national and global resources to move from the current status quo of depending upon almost all emergency response operations to cope with almost all natural hazards to a wise mix of anticipation of what will likely happen, and implementation of the five integrated disaster resiliency policies to cope with the expected and unexpected that happen all the time a natural hazard occurs in our chaotic world. Who can provide the leadership for this kind of major paradigm shift? Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Part 1 The Case For A Major Paradigmn Shift Towards Disaster Resiliency During 2014 And Beyond

  1. 1. OUR WORLD IS AT RISK • FLOODS • SEVERE WINDSTORMS • EARTHQUAKES • TSUNAMIS • DROUGHTS • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • LANDSLIDES • WILDFIRES
  2. 2. THE CASE FOR A MAJOR PARADIGMN SHIFT FROM RESPONSE TO ANTICIPATION AND DISASTER RESILIENCY DURING 2014 AND BEYOND PART 1
  3. 3. OUR WORLD IS AT RISK • FLOODS • SEVERE WINDSTORMS • EARTHQUAKES • TSUNAMIS • DROUGHTS • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • LANDSLIDES • WILDFIRES
  4. 4. LIVING WITH NATURAL HAZARDS NO DISASTERS: DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY CAPABILITIES OF COMMUNITY
  5. 5. LIVING WITH NATURAL HAZARDS A DISASTER: INSUFFICIENT CAPABILITIES OF COMMUNITY INCREASED DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY
  6. 6. DISASTER RISK •ALL HAZARDS MAPS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION ACCEPTABLE RISK RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK TOWARDS ALL HAZARDS DISASTER RESILIENCE DATA BASES AND INFORMATION YOUR COMMUNITY POLICY OPTIONS HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS • PPREPAREDNESS • PROTECTION •EARLY WARNING •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION
  7. 7. RESILIENCY MEASURES • PREPAREDNESS (ANTICIPATE EVERYTHING) • PROTECTION (BUILD TO WITHSTAND) • EARLY WARNING (GET OUT OF HARM’S WAY)
  8. 8. RESILIENCY MEASURES • EMERGENCY RESPONSE (SAVE LIVES & PROTECT PROPERTY) • RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION (RESTORE & NORMALIZE SERVICES)
  9. 9. LET’S TALK ABOUT BENEFIT-TO-COST RATIOS JUST FOR FOR EARTHQUAKES NOTE: Actual B/C Ratios Are A Function Of Each National Effort; These Are Illustrative
  10. 10. DISASTER RESILIENCE HAS A VERY HIGH BENEFIT/COST 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000,000 THE PAYOFF IS A BETTER, SAFER, AND MORE SECURE QUALITY OF LIFE FOR EVERYONE
  11. 11. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE PUBLIC AWARENESS ENABLES ALL SECTORS OF THE PUBLIC TO KNOW THEIR RISKS AND HOW TO LIVE WITH THEM 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000
  12. 12. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE PROPERTY CASUALTY INSURANCE SPEEDS RECOVERY & RECONSTRUCTION; CAN PROMOTE PROTECTION 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000
  13. 13. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE BUILDING CODE PREVENTS COLLAPSE; REDUCES LOSS OF LIFE AND DAMAGE 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000
  14. 14. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE LIFELINE STANDARDS PROTECTS COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000
  15. 15. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE NON-STRUCTURAL PROTECTION PROTECTS CONTENTS AND EQUIPMENT 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000
  16. 16. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE DEMOLITION OF COLLAPSE-HAZARD BUILDINGS PREVENTS ALMOST CERTAIN LOSS OF LIFE 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000
  17. 17. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE SEISMIC ZONATION IDENTIFIES LOCATIONS SUSCEPTIBLE TO SURFACE FAULTING, SOIL AMPLIFICATION, AND SOIL FAILURE 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 100
  18. 18. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE RETROFIT, STRENGTHENING, & REHABILITATION ELIMINATES VULNERABILITIES; REDUCES DAMAGE 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 100
  19. 19. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE EDUCATION AND TRAINING EXPANDS PROFESSIONAL AND POLITICAL CAPACITY 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 100
  20. 20. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE SOIL REMEDIATION PREVENTS LIQUEFACTION, LANDSLIDES, AND LATERAL SPREADS 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1000
  21. 21. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE PERFORMANCE BASED DESIGN PREVENTS LOSS OF FUNCTION AND USE OF IMPORTANT STRUCTURES 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 100
  22. 22. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE URBAN PLANNING CONTROLS DENSITY AND USE OF LAND; PROMOTES AVOIDANCE STRATEGIES 1 < BENEFIT/COST < 10
  23. 23. BENEFIT/COST OF BECOMING EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT DISASTER SCENARIOS FACILITATES COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS FOR THE KNOWN AND UNKNOWN 1< BENEFIT/COST < 10
  24. 24. A BENEFIT/COST OF EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE RELOCATION AND REROUTING REDUCES LIKELIHOOD OF DAMAGE AND LOSS 1< BENEFIT/COST < 10
  25. 25. OVERVIEW OF THE EARTHQUAKE EXPERIENCE
  26. 26. SEISMICITY: USA
  27. 27. SEISMICITY
  28. 28. SEISMICITY
  29. 29. Schematic Diagram of the Earthquake Mechanism WEST NORTH
  30. 30. Schematic Diagram of the Earthquake Mechanism WEST NORTH
  31. 31. EARTHQUAKE VIBRATION DAMAGE/LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSS REGIONAL DEFORMATION DAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSS AMPLIFICATION DAMAGE/LOSS TSUNAMI FOUNDATION FAILURE FAULT RUPTURE DAMAGE/ LOSS LIQUEFACTION DAMAGE/ LOSS LANDSLIDE DAMAGE/ LOSS AFTERSHOCKS DAMAGE/ LOSS SEICHE DAMAGE/ LOSS
  32. 32. EARTHQUAKE HAZARD CHARACTERIZATION • • • • WHERE? WHEN? HOW BIG? SEVERITY OF GROUND SHAKING? • SEVERITY OF OTHER EFFECTS? • UNCERTAINTY?
  33. 33. ITALY: MMI MAP
  34. 34. PUERTO RICO: PGA MAP
  35. 35. SITUATION: SURFACE FAULT RUPTURE
  36. 36. SITUATION: LIVING IN AN ACTIVE FAULT ZONE
  37. 37. SITUATION: SURFACE FAULT RUPTURE
  38. 38. A TSUNAMI • TSUNAMIS TRAVEL AT 800 KM/ HOUR, SLOWING TO 50-500 KM/HR AS SHORE IS REACHED • WAVE HEIGHTS CAN REACH 30 M OR MORE • WAVES CAN TRAVEL 2 KM OR MORE INLAND
  39. 39. LOCATIONS • TSUNAMIS OCCUR MOST FREQUENTLY IN THE CIRCUM-PACIFIC REGION • OTHER LOCATIONS INCLUDE: INDIAN OCEAN, HAWAII, CARIBBEAN, PUERTO RICO, VIRGIN ISLANDS, GUAM, WESTERN USA, AND MEDITERRANEAN
  40. 40. SITUATION:TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP
  41. 41. SITUATION: TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP - HAWAII
  42. 42. SITUATION: AFTER TSUNAMI WAVE RUN UP
  43. 43. SITUATION: GROUND SHAKING DAMAGE The Kocaeli (Turkey) Earthquake of 17 August 1999
  44. 44. SITUATION: COLLAPSE OF HIGH-RISE APARTMENT UNIT
  45. 45. SITUATION: FAILURE OF URM BUILDING
  46. 46. SITUATION: DAMAGE TO HOUSING UNIT
  47. 47. SITUATION: DAMAGE TO A HOUSING UNIT
  48. 48. SITUATION: DAMAGE TO HOUSING UNITS
  49. 49. SITUATION: DAMAGE TO HOUSING UNITS
  50. 50. SITUATION: DAMAGE TO HOUSING UNITS
  51. 51. SITUATION: COLLAPSE OF HOUSING UNITS
  52. 52. SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE-LIQUEFACTION
  53. 53. SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE-LANDSLIDE
  54. 54. SITUATION: LANDSLIDE AT TURNAGAIN HEIGHTS • THE 1964 PRINCE WILLIAM SOUND EARTHQUAKE TRIGGERED A LARGE VOLUME LANDSLIDE AT TURNAGAIN HEIGHTS • MILLIONS OF CUBIC METERS OF SOIL AND ROCK WERE DIS[LACED
  55. 55. SITUATION: LOSS OF POWER AND AN URBAN FIRE
  56. 56. THE CASE FOR A MAJOR PARADIGMN SHIFT FROM RESPONSE TO ANTICIPATION AND DISASTER RESILIENCY DURING 2014 AND BEYOND GO TO PART 2

×