Learning from Global Disaster Laboratories: A Framework For Global Dialogue

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LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES PROVIDES A FRAMEWORK FOR GLOBAL DIALOGUE THAT IS THE FIRST STEP ON THE ROAD TO RESILIENT COMMUNITIES. A Framework For A Comprehensive, Inter-Disciplinary Dialogue On 21st Century Disasters And Disaster Resilience. A Disaster Is The Set Of Failures That Occur When The Continuums Of: 1)  People, 2) Community (I.E., A Set Of Habitats, Livelihoods, And Social Constructs), And 3) Recurring Events (E.G., Floods, Earthquakes) Intersect At A Point In Space And Time, When And Where The People And Community Are Not Ready. Intersection Of These Continuums Is Inevitable. Some Intersections Will Cause A Disaster, And Some Won’t. Each Community Must Be Ready For The Inevitable Intersection That Will Challenge Its State Of Readiness. Best Policies And Practices: Create, Adjust, And Realign Programs, Partners And People Until You Have Created The Kinds Of Turning Points Needed For Moving Towards Disaster Resilience. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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Learning from Global Disaster Laboratories: A Framework For Global Dialogue

  1. 1. LEARNING FROM GLOBAL DISASTER LABORATORIES A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
  2. 2. A FRAMEWORK FOR A COMPREHENSIVE, INTER- DISCIPLINARY DIALOGUE ON 21ST CENTURY DISASTERS AND DISASTER RESILIENCE
  3. 3. 1. SCOPE FROM VULNERABLE CONTINUUMS TO A DISASTER TO DISASTER RESILIENT COMMUNITIES THROUGH IMPLEMENTATION OF “THE BEST POLICIES AND BEST PRACTICES” OF DISASTER RESILIENCE
  4. 4. A DISASTER is --- --- the set of failures that occur when the continuums of: 1) people, 2) community (i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, and social constructs), and 3) recurring events (e.g., floods, earthquakes, ...,) intersect at a point in space and time, when and where the people and community are not ready.
  5. 5. THE DYNAMIC CONTINUUMS • PEOPLE ( 7 Billion and counting) • COMMUNITIES • RECURRING EVENTS (AKA Natural Hazards), which are proof of a DYNAMIC EARTH)
  6. 6. INTERSECTION OF THESE CONTINUUMS IS INEVITABLE SOME INTERSECTIONS WILL CAUSE A DISASTER, AND SOME WON’T
  7. 7. EACH COMMUNITY MUST BE READY FOR THE INEVITABLE INTERSECTION THAT WILL CHALLENGE ITS STATE OF READINESS
  8. 8. YOUR COMMUNITYDATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •FLOODS •SEVERE WIND STORMS •EARTHQUAKES …ETC A DISASTER CAUSES FAILURES IN POLICIES FAILURES IN PRACTICES COUNTER MEASURES • BEST POLICIES •BEST PRACTICES DISASTER RESILIENCE
  9. 9. PEOPLE = INNOVATION 200 NATIONS AND 7+ BILLION PEOPLE NORTH AMERICA CARIBBEAN BASIN SUB-SAHARA AFRICA MEDITER- RANEAN ISLAND NATIONS ASIA SOUTH AMERICA EUROPE
  10. 10. LIKE AN INFINITE SERIES: A CONTINUUM OF INNOVATION NEVER ENDS
  11. 11. LIKE A CHAIN: A CONTINUUM HAS WEAK LINKS TO IMPROVE
  12. 12. FOUR UNIVERSAL WEAK-LINKS • IGNORANCE • APATHY • DISCIPLINARY BOUNDARIES • LACK OF POLITICAL WILL
  13. 13. THE PEOPLE CONTINUUM • 7 + BILLION (DISTRIBUTED THROUGHOUT THE WORLD)
  14. 14. THE COMMUNITY CONTINUUM: (SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS TO BENEFIT THE PEOPLE) • GOVERNMENT • DWELLINGS • SCHOOLS • HEALTH CARE FACILITIES • BUSINESSES • INFRA- STRUCTURE • ETC
  15. 15. THE RECURRING - EVENTS CONTINUUM • FLOODS • SEVERE WINDSTORMS • EARTHQUAKES • DROUGHTS • VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS • ETC.
  16. 16. EXAMPLE OF A DISASTER
  17. 17. RECURRING FLOODING Interactions of Planet Earth’s sun, atmosphere, litho- sphere, hydro- sphere, and biosphere cause: Floods.
  18. 18. INTERACTIONS OF EARTH’S CORE, MANTLE, ASTHENOSPHERE, AND LITHOSPHERE, CAUSE RECURRING EARTHQUAKES
  19. 19. HAITI EARTHQUAKE JANUARY 12, 2010
  20. 20. INTERACTIONS OF THE CONTINENTAL LITHOSPHERE WITH THE OCEANIC LITHOSPHERE AND THE HYDROSPHERE CAUSE RECURRING TSUNAMIS
  21. 21. TSUNAMI: JAPAN MARCH 12, 2011
  22. 22. TSUNAMI: OFFSHORE INDONESIA DEC. 26, 2004
  23. 23. RECURRING SEVERE WINDSTORMS: HURRICANES, TYPHOONS, CYCLONES INTERACTIONS OF THE SUN, ATMOSPHERE, HYDROSPHERE, TROPOSPHERE, AND LITHOSPHERE
  24. 24. ATLANTIC BASIN TROPICAL STORMS AND HURRICANES: 2010 • Alex (H) June 21 • Bonnie July 27 • Colin Aug 3 • Danielle (H) Aug 21 • Earl (H) Aug.29 • Fiona Aug 30
  25. 25. RECURRING VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS: INTERACTIONS OF THE CORE, MANTLE, LITHOSPHERE, AND ATMOSPHERE
  26. 26. VOLCANIC ERUPTION: ICELAND APRIL 14, 2010
  27. 27. RECURRING DROUGHT EPISODES Planet Earth’s atmospheric- oceanic- lithospheric interactions cause: Droughts
  28. 28. WHEN AN INTERSECTION OCCURS, WILL A DISASTER OCCUR? THE CONDITIONAL PROBABILITY IS “YES” IF THE PEOPLE AND THE COMMUNITY ARE NOT READY PEOPLE COMMUNITY EVENTS P T S O CP
  29. 29. INCREASED DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY LIVING WITH DISASTER RISK DECREASED CAPABILITIES OF COMMUNITY
  30. 30. LIVING WITH DISASTER RESILIENCE DEMANDS ON COMMUNITY NO DISASTER THIS TIME CAPABILITIES OF COMMUNITY
  31. 31. TURNING POINTS FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE EDUCATION: PENETRATE SOCIETY IGNORANCE TO ENLIGHTENMENT APATHY TO EMPOWERMENT BOUNDARIES TO NETWORKS ENABLEMENT OF POLITICAL WILL BUILDING EQUITY AND PENETRATING SOCIETY
  32. 32. 1. DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES --- ---ARE LIKE THE SYSTEM - ANALYSIS PROCEDURES THAT FOUR BLIND PEOPLE WOULD USE TO DESCRIBE AN ELEPHANT
  33. 33. 2. DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES MUST CLOSE PRIOR KNOWLEDGE DIVIDES AND GAPS, AND IDENTIFY WEAK LINKS IN THE PEOPLE/COMMUNITY CONTINUUMS
  34. 34. CURRENT KNOWLEDGE IS DEFINED BY ANECTDOTAL, EMPIRICAL, LINEAR, NON-LINEAR, STATISTICAL, FUZZY, PROBABILISTIC, . . . AND THEORETICAL MODELS HAVING DIVIDES, GAPS, AND UNCERTAINTIES
  35. 35. KNOWLEDGE DIVIDES DISCONTINUITIES in space, and time of the available knowledge BETWEEN organizations, disciplines, and people will always create uncertainties in choices and differences in capability to achieve disaster resilience.
  36. 36. KNOWLEDGE GAPS DISCONTINUITIES in space, and time WITHIN organizations, disciplines, or individuals that create uncertainties and slow progress towards disaster resilience.
  37. 37. STRENGTHENING WEAK LINKS BENEFITS EVERYONE IMPROVES PREPAREDNESS IMPROVES PROTECTION IMPROVES EM RESPONSEE IMPROVES RECOVERY DISASTER RESILIENCE
  38. 38. 3. FROM A DISASTER TO DISASTER RESILIENCE A DEEPER UNDERSTANDING OF PAST DISASTERS LEADS TO “COUNTER MEASURES” THAT PREVENT RECURRENCES
  39. 39. DISASTER RESILIENCE POLICIES Design and Implementation of policies and practices: a) to INCREASE CAPACITY of the PEOPLE, and b) to ELIMINATE VULNERABILITIES in the COMMUNITY.
  40. 40. STOP INCREASING COMMUNITY VULNERABILITY
  41. 41. WHEN THE DIALOGUE IS ON THE CONTINUUMS WE CARE ABOUT, WE ALMOST NEVER LEAVE AYTHING TO CHANCE
  42. 42. “BEST POLICIES AND PRACTICES” • PROTECTION (BUILD TO WITHSTAND) • PREPAREDNESS (BE READY FOR ALL POSSIBILITIES)
  43. 43. “BEST POLICIES AND PRACTICES” • EMERGENCY RESPONSE • (ACTIONS TO [PROTECT PEOPLE AND PROPERTY) • DISASTER RECOVERY (RESTORING COMMUNITY SYSTEMS TO NORMAL AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE)
  44. 44. READINESS FOR A POSSIBLE DISASTER “BEST POLICIES AND PRACTICES” ACADEMIA FUNCTIONAL NETWORKING CHANNELS INFORMATION NETWORKING CHANNELS ORGANIZATION NETWORKING CHANNELS NO DISASTERS COMMUNITY STAKEHOLDERS Stratec Consulting
  45. 45. PILLARS OF DISASTER RESILIENCE Anticipatory Preparedness Adoption and Implementation of a Modern Engineering Building Codes & Standards Timely Early Warning and Evacuation Timely Emergency Response (including Emergency Medical Services) Cost-Effective Recovery/Reconstruction
  46. 46. COMMUNITIES DATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS • TYPHOON HAZARDS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION TYPHOON RISK RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE •PREPAREDNESS •PROTECTION •FORECASTS/SCENARIOS •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION POLICY OPTIONS
  47. 47. THE CHALLENGE: BEST POLICIES AND PRACTICES: CREATE, ADJUST, AND REALIGN PROGRAMS, PARTNERS AND PEOPLE UNTIL YOU HAVE CREATED THE KINDS OF TURNING POINTS NEEDED FOR MOVING TOWARDS DISASTER RESILIENCE

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