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Iran earthquake of 8th April 2013 summary

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Presentation courtesy of Dr Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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Iran earthquake of 8th April 2013 summary

  1. 1. IRAN: HIGH TO VERY HIGH RISK
  2. 2. M6.3 EARTHQUAKE STRIKESKAKI, IRANTUESDAY, APRIL 9, 201332 DEAD850 INJURED
  3. 3. THE EPICENTER: KAKI• The town of Kaki is located 96 km (57miles) southeast of Bushehr, a town onthe Persian Gulf that is home of Iran’sfirst nuclear power plant, built withRussian help.• “No damage was done to the Bushehrpower plant.”
  4. 4. BUSHEHR: DAMAGE
  5. 5. Iran has a long history ofdestructive earthquakes,which have already left atleast 126,000 dead duringthe 20th and 21st centuries.
  6. 6. FOR ADDITIONALINFORMATION• Contact Mehdi Zare and MohammadShahvar, IIEESmzare@iiees.ac.ar
  7. 7. ADDITIONAL PERSPECTIVE
  8. 8. IRAN: INTERACTION OF ARABIAN—ANATOLIAN---EURASIAN PLATES
  9. 9. INTERACTING TECTONICPLATES
  10. 10. REGIONAL SEISMICITY
  11. 11. IRAN: HIGH TO VERY HIGH RISK
  12. 12. INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TOHORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKINGEARTHQUAKESSOIL AMPLIFICATIONPERMANENT DISPLACEMENT(SURFACE FAULTING & GROUNDFAILURE)IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATIONAND PLANFIRE FOLLOWING RUPTURE OFUTILITIESLACK OF DETAILING ANDCONSTRUCTION MATERIALSINATTENTION TO NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTSCAUSESOFDAMAGE“DISASTERLABORATORIES”
  13. 13. A DISASTER is ------ the set of failures that overwhelm thecapability of a community to respondwithout external help when threecontinuums: 1) people, 2) community(i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, andsocial constructs), and 3) complexevents (e.g., earthquakes, cyclones,..)intersect at a point in space and time.
  14. 14. Disasters are caused bysingle- or multiple-eventnatural hazards that, (forvarious reasons), causeextreme levels of mortality,morbidity, homelessness,joblessness, economic losses,or environmental impacts.
  15. 15. THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community is UN-PREPARED for what will likelyhappen
  16. 16. THE REASONS ARE . . .• When it does happen, thefunctions of the community’sbuildings and infrastructure thatare UNPROTECTED with theappropriate codes and standardswill be LOST.
  17. 17. INTENSITYV VI VII VIII IX35302520151050MEANDAMAGERATIO,%OFREPLACEMENTVALUECONSTRUCTION MATERIALS HAVEDIFFERENT VULNERABILITIES TOGROUND SHAKING
  18. 18. THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community has NO DISASTERPLANNING SCENARIO orWARNING SYSTEM in place as astrategic framework for concertedlocal, national, regional, andinternational actions.
  19. 19. THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community LACKS THECAPACITY TO RESPOND tothe full spectrum of emergencysituations that can occur.
  20. 20. THE REASONS ARE . . .• The community is INEFFICIENTduring recovery andreconstruction because it HASNOT LEARNED from either thecurrent experience or thecumulative prior experiences.
  21. 21. BAM EARTHQUAKE:DECEMBER 26, 2003
  22. 22. TOWARDS EARTHQUAKEDISASTER RESILIENCE
  23. 23. IRAN’SCOMMUNITIESDATA BASESAND INFORMATIONHAZARDS:GROUND SHAKINGGROUND FAILURESURFACE FAULTINGTECTONIC DEFORMATIONTSUNAMI RUN UPAFTERSHOCKS• EARTHQUAKEHAZARDS•INVENTORY•VULNERABILITY•LOCATIONEARTHQUAKE RISKRISKACCEPTABLE RISKUNACCEPTABLE RISKEARTHQUAKEDISASTER RESILIENCE•PREPAREDNESS•PROTECTION•FORECASTS/SCENARIOS•EMERGENCY RESPONSE•RECOVERY andRECONSTRUCTIONPOLICY OPTIONS

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