Informing community stakeholders about global earthquake disaster situations

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An informed community stake holder makes good decisions based on the books of knowledge on global earthquake realities. The Process of Becoming an Informed Community Stakeholder is Like Learning How to Fly a Plane Using A Flight Simulator so: SIMULATE GLOBAL EARTHQUAKE SITUATIONS UNTIL THEY BECOME YOUR REALITY. Presentation courtesy of Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction

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Informing community stakeholders about global earthquake disaster situations

  1. 1. THE TECTONIC PLATES Figure 2.29
  2. 2. EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE PART 2: Informing Community Stakeholders About Global Earthquake Disaster Situations
  3. 3. The Process of Becoming an Informed Community Stakeholder is Like Learning How to Fly a Plane Using A Flight Simulator so: SIMULATE GLOBAL EARTHQUAKE SITUATIONS UNTIL THEY BECOME YOUR REALITY
  4. 4. YOURYOUR COMMUNITYCOMMUNITY DATA BASESDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONAND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS •HAZARD MAPS •INVENTORY •VULNERABILITY •LOCATION RISK ASSESSMENTRISK ASSESSMENT RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK TOWARDS EARTHQUAKETOWARDS EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCEDISASTER RESILIENCE • PPREPAREDNESS • PROTECTION •EARLY WARNING •EMERGENCY RESPONSE •RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION POLICY OPTIONSPOLICY OPTIONS
  5. 5. RESILIENCY POLICIES • PREPAREDNESS (BE READY FOR ANYTHING) • PROTECTION (BUILD TO WITHSTAND) • SCENARIOS (KNOW WHAT TO EXPECT)
  6. 6. RESILIENCY POLICIES • EMERGENCY RESPONSE (SAVE LIVES & PROTECT PROPERTY) • RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION (RESTORE & NORM- ALIZE SERVICES)
  7. 7. AN INFORMED COMMUNITY STAKE HOLDER MAKES GOOD DECISIONS BASED ON THE BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE ON GLOBAL EARTH- QUAKE REALITIES
  8. 8. BOOKS OF KNOWLEDGE TOOLS FOR ENACTING AND IMPLEMENTING POLICIES ON PREPAREDNESS, PROTECTION, SCENARIOS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, and RECOVERY & RECONSTRUCTION
  9. 9. BOOK OF BOOK OF KNOWLEDGE KNOWLEDGE - Perspectives - Perspectives On Science, Policy, On Science, Policy, And EM HI-ED And EM HI-ED
  10. 10. • OCCURRENCE (PLATE TECTONICS, LOCATION, FAULTING, SEISMICITY, …)
  11. 11. Earthquakes occur as the result of global interactions between and within tectonic plates in the lithosphere that are slowly moving past each other as the result of stresses created by heat flow from deep inside the Earth.
  12. 12. THE TECTONIC PLATES Figure 2.29
  13. 13. Schematic Diagram of theSchematic Diagram of the Faulting MechanismFaulting Mechanism NORTHNORTHWESTWEST
  14. 14. Schematic Diagram of theSchematic Diagram of the Faulting MechanismFaulting Mechanism NORTHNORTHWESTWEST
  15. 15. SITUATION: SURFACE FAULT RUPTURE
  16. 16. OCCURRENCE The Seismicity Record Contains Information on WHERE, HOW BIG, HOW DEEP, and HOW OFTEN
  17. 17. SEISMICITY: EUROPE
  18. 18. SEISMICITY: USA
  19. 19. SEISMICITY: MID-AMERICA AND CARIBBEAN BASIN
  20. 20. •PHYSICAL EFFFECTS (TSUNAMIS, GROUND SHAKING, GROUND FAILURE, …)
  21. 21. REGIONAL DEFORMATION EARTHQUAKE TSUNAMI VIBRATION FAULT RUPTURE FOUNDATION FAILURE AMPLIFICATION LIQUEFACTION LANDSLIDE AFTERSHOCKS SEICHE DAMAGE/LOSSDAMAGE/LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/ LOSSDAMAGE/ LOSS DAMAGE/LOSSDAMAGE/LOSS
  22. 22. SITUATION: A TSUNAMI • TSUNAMIS OCCUR MOST FREQUENTLY IN THE CIRCUM-PACIFIC REGION • OTHER LOCATIONS INCLUDE: INDIAN OCEAN, HAWAII, CARIBBEAN, PUERTO RICO, VIRGIN ISLANDS, GUAM, WESTERN USA, AND MEDITERRANEAN
  23. 23. SIZE (VERTICAL/HORIZONTAL WAVE RUNUP) OF A TSUNAMI • TSUNAMIS TRAVEL AT 800 KM/ HOUR, SLOWING TO 50-500 KM/HR AS SHORE IS REACHED • WAVE HEIGHTS CAN REACH 30 M OR MORE • WAVES CAN TRAVEL 2 KM OR MORE INLAND
  24. 24. SITUATION: STRONG GROUND SHAKING Ground Shaking records Indicate The Strength, Duration, And Dominant Frequencies of Ground Shaking
  25. 25. PROBABILISTIC GROUND SHAKING MAP • SPATIAL VARIATION OF THE SEVERITY OF GROUND SHAKING EXPECTED DURING A SPECIFIC EXPOSURE TIME
  26. 26. SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE: LIQUEFACTION
  27. 27. SITUATION: GROUND FAILURE: LANDSLIDE
  28. 28. • SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS (DAMAGE, LOSS OF FUNCTION, COLLAPSE, LOSS OF LIFE, LOSS OF HABITAT, LOSS OF JOBS, LOSS OF CONFIDENCE, LOSS OF ECONOMIC LOSSES, …)
  29. 29. SITUATION: URBAN DAMAGE The Kocaeli (Turkey) Earthquake of 17 August 1999
  30. 30. SITUATION: INTERIOR LOSS OF FUNCTION
  31. 31. SITUATION: FAILURE OF URM BUILDING
  32. 32. SITUATION: COLLAPSE OF HIGH-RISE APARTMENT UNIT
  33. 33. SITUATION: DAMAGE TO HOUSING UNITS
  34. 34. SITUATION: 56 MILLION DAMAGED BUILDINGS
  35. 35. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF HOSPITAL
  36. 36. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF SCHOOL
  37. 37. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION HANSHIN EXPRESSWAY
  38. 38. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION: ELEVATED EXPRESSWAY
  39. 39. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION OF AIRPORT
  40. 40. SITUATION: DISRUPTION OF TRANSPORTATION ROUTES
  41. 41. SITUATION: DAM FAILURE
  42. 42. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION TO UTILITY CORRIDOR
  43. 43. SITUATION: RADIOACTIVITY LEAK
  44. 44. SITUATION: DEATH TOLL REACHED 220,OOO+
  45. 45. SITUATIONl: 88,000 DEAD
  46. 46. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
  47. 47. SITUATION: LOSS OF FUNCTION IN PORT AREA
  48. 48. SITUATION: RELEASE OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
  49. 49. SITUATION: OIL REFINERY FIRE
  50. 50. SITUATION: LOSS OF POWER AND LOSS OF FIREFIGHTING CAPABILITY
  51. 51. SITUATION: LOSS OF FIRE FIGHTING CAPABILITY
  52. 52. SITUATION: EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES
  53. 53. SITUATION: NEED FOR TEMPORARY SHELTER
  54. 54. SITUATION: LOSS OF BUSINESS
  55. 55. SITUATION: LOSS OF 40 PERCENT OF GDP
  56. 56. HIGH VELOCITY OF INCOMING WAVES TSUNAMISTSUNAMIS DISTANCE OF WAVE RUNUP AND RUNOFF VERTICAL HEIGHT OF WAVE RUNUP INADEQUATE RESISTANCE OF BUILDINGS FLOODING INADEQUATE WARNING SYSTEMS PROXIMITY TO SOURCE OF TSUNAMI CAUSES OF RISK CAUSES OF RISK CASE HISTORIESCASE HISTORIES
  57. 57. SITUATION: $309 BILLION LOSS FROM TSUNAMI WAVES
  58. 58. SITUATION: NEED FOR FOOD AND WATER
  59. 59. SITUATION: LOSS OF REFINERY SERVICES

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