Exam II study powerpoint

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Exam II study powerpoint

  1. 1. ART HISTORY REVIEW By Meghan Gallagher 
  2. 2. WHITE-GROUND LEKYTHOS• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  3. 3. WINGED NIKE OF SAMOTHRACE• Hellenistic 323- 31 BC
  4. 4. EQUESTRIAN GROUP• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  5. 5. FEMALE CYCLADIC IDOL• Cycladic 3000- 1000 BC
  6. 6. “MASK OF AGAMEMNON”• Mycenean 1600-1100 BC
  7. 7. TEMPLE OF ATHENA NIKE, ACROPOLIS• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  8. 8. BOY WRESTLING WITH A GOOSE• Hellenistic 323- 31 BC
  9. 9. POSEIDON/ ZEUS• Early Classical 480- 450 BC
  10. 10. THREE GODDESSES, BIRTH OF ATHENA, PEDIMENT, PARTHENON• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  11. 11. GEOMETRIC AMPHORA• Geometric Greek 1000- 700 BC
  12. 12. POLYPHEMOS AMPHORA• Orientalizing 700-600 BC
  13. 13. RED- FIGURE KARATER• Archaic 600- 480 BC
  14. 14. ACROPOLIS, ATHENS• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  15. 15. NIOBID KRATER• Early Classical
  16. 16. HEAD OF ALEXANDER• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  17. 17. MEGARON• Mycenean 1600-1100 BC
  18. 18. TOREADOR FRESCO• Minoan 2000- 1500 BC
  19. 19. SNAKE GODDESS• Minoan 2000- 1500 BC
  20. 20. LION GATE• Mycenean 1600-1100 BC
  21. 21. GREEK AND CENTAUR METOPE• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  22. 22. THEATER AT EPIDAUROS• Late Classical Greek 400- 300 BC
  23. 23. ALTAR OF ZEUS, PERGAMON• Hellenistic 323- 31 BC
  24. 24. CARYATID PORCH• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  25. 25. GRAVE CIRCLE A• Mycenean 1600- 1100 BC
  26. 26. QUEEN’S MEGARON• Minoan 2000-1500 BC
  27. 27. NEW YORK KOUROS• Archaic 600-480 BC
  28. 28. THOLOS TOMB• Mycenean 1600- 1100 BC
  29. 29. MALE CYCLADIC AULOS PLAYER• Cycladic 3000-1000 BC
  30. 30. ALEXANDER MOSAIC• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  31. 31. BIRTH OF ATHENA• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  32. 32. KRITIOS BOY• Early Classical 480- 450 BC
  33. 33. LAOCOON AND HIS SONS• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  34. 34. OCTOPUS VASE• Minoan 2000- 1500 BC
  35. 35. BLACK- FIGURE AMPHORA• Archaic 600-480 BC
  36. 36. ALTAR OF ZEUS• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  37. 37. ERECHTHEUM• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  38. 38. POLYKLEITOS, DORYPHOS• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  39. 39. PEPLOS KORE• Archaic 600-480 BC
  40. 40. PARTHENON• High Classical Greek 450-400 BC
  41. 41. ACROPOLIS• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  42. 42. PRAXITELES• Late Classical Greek 400-300 BC
  43. 43. ATHENA BATTLING WITH ALKYONEOS• Hellenistic 323-31 BC
  44. 44. TEMPLE OF ZEUS• High Classical Greek 450- 400 BC
  45. 45. QUESTIONS
  46. 46. • What is one theroy on how minoan palaces were destroyed and culture ended?
  47. 47. NATURAL CATASTROPHIC EARTHQUAKE AND VOLCANO ERUPTION
  48. 48. • Terra- Cotta means?
  49. 49. BAKED EARTH
  50. 50. What are the names of the four vase shapes pictured below?
  51. 51. -KYLIX -KRATER-AMPHORA-LEKYTHO
  52. 52. What are 2 Hellenistic stylistic conventions of the work shown?
  53. 53. STRONGDIAGONALS AND SHOWING MOVEMENT
  54. 54. What are 2 stylistic conventions of geometric vase paintings?
  55. 55. -GEOMETRIC SHAPES-HORROR VACUII
  56. 56. What was the goal of the Panathenaic procession? Where is is depicted on the Parthenon?
  57. 57. THEY WERE TAKINGA NEW SHROWED TOHER AND IT WAS ON THE FRIEZE
  58. 58. What was the Kylix used for?
  59. 59. DRINKING CUP, WIDE BOWL,ALMOST PLATE.
  60. 60. What was the amphora used for?
  61. 61. TRANSPORTLIQUIDS, VASE WITH LONG NECK, 2 HANDELS, BIG BOTTOM
  62. 62. How did the Poseidon and Warrior form Riace avoid being melted down?
  63. 63. IT GOT LOST UNDERTHE OCEAN, WHICHPROTECTED IT FROM BEING DESTROYED.
  64. 64. What was the Krater used for?
  65. 65. TO MIX THE WINE AND WATER TOGETHER
  66. 66. What were most white- ground lekythoi used for?
  67. 67. PUT ON GRAVES,HELD PRECIOUS OILS.
  68. 68. What are the 3 parts of the Greek entablature, from the bottom part up?
  69. 69. -ARCHITRAVE -FRIEZE -CORNICE
  70. 70. How did the palace at knossos function in addition to being Residence?
  71. 71. SERVED AS ADISTRIBUTIONCENTER ANDSENDING OUT GOODS.
  72. 72. Who discovered and Restored knossos?
  73. 73. AURTHER EVANS 1900
  74. 74. What large room in Minonan and Mycenean palaces had 3 parts?
  75. 75. MEGARON
  76. 76. What kind of arch did the Myceneans use?
  77. 77. CORBELING
  78. 78. Why would the tree trunk not be meeded in the original statue?
  79. 79. THE ORIGINALSCULPTURE WAS BRONZE AND HOLLOW, SO IT WASN’T HEAVY.
  80. 80. Why did the Athenians rebuild the Parthenon and other buildings? How did they fund the rebuilding?
  81. 81. PERICLES REBUILT IT AS AMEMORIAL TO THE WAR WITH THE PERSIANS.IT WAS FUNDED WITH OTHER CITYSTATE MONEY.
  82. 82. An architectual order is an arrangenent of ______ and________.
  83. 83. GREECE AND ROME
  84. 84. A row of columns is called a?
  85. 85. COLONNADE- PARISTYLE
  86. 86. What did the Greeks call foreigners who didn‟t speak their language?
  87. 87. BARBARIANS
  88. 88. What is unusual about the form of Minoan and Mycenean columns?
  89. 89. REVERSE TAPERED,BIGGER AT THE TOP AND NARROW AT BOTTOM.
  90. 90. The cornice encloses a triangular section at the end of a building of porch called the _______.
  91. 91. THE PEDIMENT
  92. 92. Who convinced the Athenians to restore the temples of Acropolis?
  93. 93. PERICLES
  94. 94. What is the origin of the terms „Doric‟ and „Ionic‟ for the architetural orders?
  95. 95. DORIC= PLACE ON MAINLAND CALLED DORISS, USED ON MAINLAND ONLY.IONIC= NAMED FOR IONIA, USED ACROSS THE AGEAN SEA.
  96. 96. What are 3 ways the Parthenon is different from a typical temple?
  97. 97. 1. CORNER COLUMNS CLOSER TOGETHER 2. COLUMNS POINT INWARD 3. ENTIRELY MARBLE 4. WIDER THAN OTHER TEMPLES
  98. 98. What is one traditional method used to cast large bronze sculptures?
  99. 99. THE WAX METHOD
  100. 100. What are column flutes?
  101. 101. CONCAVEGROOVES
  102. 102. How is the weight shifted in the contraposto stance?
  103. 103. THE WEIGHT IS SHIFTED ONTO ONE LED, THE HEAD IS SLIGHTLY TURNED, AND THE STANCE IS RELAXED.
  104. 104. Where is the only place, besides the roof, where statues can be placed on the exterior of a Greek Temple?
  105. 105. FRIEZE
  106. 106. What is one meaning of the term „classical‟ when applied to art?
  107. 107. VARIETY AND UNITY (?)
  108. 108. GREEK ERAS
  109. 109. GEOMETRIC= 1000-1700 BCORIENTALIZING= 700-600 BC ARCHAIC= 600-480 BCEARLY CLASSICAL= 480-450 BCHIGH CLASSICAL= 400-300 BC HELLENISTIC= 323-31 BC
  110. 110. Who first discovered Mycenae and Troy?
  111. 111. HEINRICHSCHLIEMANN
  112. 112. What did the Romans call Greeks? What did the Greeks call themselves?
  113. 113. ROMANS= GREEKS GREEKS= HELLEANS
  114. 114. Where did the Greeks settle?
  115. 115. ON THE MAINLAND,SOUTHERN ITALY AND SICILY,AEGEAN ISLANDS, AND COAST OF TURKEY (ASIA MINOR)
  116. 116. What significant event marked the transition from the Archaic period to the Early classical period?
  117. 117. PERSIAN WAR= GREEKS VS. PERSIANS.END OF WAR WAS 479 BC.
  118. 118. What is Akrotiri?
  119. 119. ISLAND BETWEENCRETE AND CYCLADES.
  120. 120. What does „Kouros‟ mean? What does „Kore‟ mean?
  121. 121. KOUROS= YOUNG MAN= YOUTHKORE= YOUNG WOMAN= MAIDEN
  122. 122. What is the purpose of the naos/cella?
  123. 123. MAIN ROOM HOUSING THE STATUE OF THE DEITY TO WHOM THETEMPLE IS DEDICATED
  124. 124. What is the more naturalistic stance introduced in the early classical period?
  125. 125. CONTRAPASTO
  126. 126. Who conquered and spread Greek culture to the Near East and Egypt?
  127. 127. ALEXANDER THE GREAT
  128. 128. What is the Cycladic period named for?
  129. 129. CYCLADES ISLANDS
  130. 130. What is one feature of the Palace at Knossos related to the myth of the Minotaur?
  131. 131. -FOUND BULL IMAGERY -PALACE WAS MAZE LIKE AND COMPLEX
  132. 132. 3 AGEAN CULTURES
  133. 133. -CYCLADIC= 3000- 1000 BC -MINOAN= 2000- 1500 BCMYCENEAN= 1600- 1100 BC
  134. 134. What is the Aegean Sea named after?
  135. 135. KIND AEGEUS
  136. 136. What are the 2 Minoan languages?
  137. 137. -LINEAR A -LINEAR B---ONLY ONE THAT WAS DECIPHERED------ONLY HAVE INVENTORY RECORDS ON CLAY PALETTES.
  138. 138. What are 2 features the standing male and female have in common?
  139. 139. -HAIR, BROAD SHOULDERS, ARMS DOWN, FISTS -CAUGHT IN INTERNAL SMILE-BLISS BEYOND LIFE/ BETTER LIFE
  140. 140. What maybe the reason:a) The parthenon colonnade includes inward? b) The entablature bows upwards?c) The corner columns are set closer together?
  141. 141. A) INCLINES INWARDSB) THE FOUNDATION IS CURVED C) COMPENSATION
  142. 142. Where is the only place, besides the roof, where statues can placed on the exterior of a Greek temple?
  143. 143. PEDIMENT
  144. 144. What is one reason red figure painting replaced black- figure painting?
  145. 145. SHOWED UP BETTER AGAINST BLACK BACKGROUND EASIER TO PAINT THAN TO CUT
  146. 146. What did each diety offer in the contest betweenPoseidon and Athena for the patronage of Athens?
  147. 147. SALT SPRING AND OLIVE TREE
  148. 148. Who designed the Parthenon sculptures and made the Athena Parthenos and Zues cult statues?
  149. 149. PHIDIAS
  150. 150. What compositional characteristic of the High Classical Style is seen in both works? (The goddess from the Parthenon east pediment, Equestrian Group)
  151. 151. UNITY IN VARITY-DRAPERY UNITES FIGURES
  152. 152. What are 2 physical features of Darius that shows his reaction to his bodyguards demise?
  153. 153. HAND IS STRETCHEDTERROR IN HIS EYES
  154. 154. What is on explanation advanced for the openness of the palace at Knossos and other Minoan palaces?
  155. 155. NO WALL= NOENEMIES= GOODRELATIONSHIPS
  156. 156. Explain how the acoustics of the Theater at Epidauros are renowned.
  157. 157. PIN DROP IN THEORCHESTRA CAN BEHEARD AT THE TOP.
  158. 158. What does the phrase “Man is the measure of all things” say about the Greeks?
  159. 159. THEY REPRESENTED HUMAN VALUES, EMOTION AND APPEARANCE ANDEXTENDED IT TO THEIR GODS.
  160. 160. A female figure who substitutes for a column?
  161. 161. CARYATID
  162. 162. What are 2 reasons why Greeks painted vases are considered important?
  163. 163. -WE DON’T HAVE OTHER KINDS OF PAINTINGS-SHOWS A WIDE RANGE OF SUBJECT MATTER
  164. 164. The maze- like designs often painted on Geometric vases.
  165. 165. INTERLACE
  166. 166. Why is the Erectheum irregular in plan?
  167. 167. DEDICATED TOMULTIPLE DEITIES
  168. 168. Briefly describe the buon fresco technique
  169. 169. PAINT ON WET PLASTER IN PATCHES
  170. 170. What are 2 significant differences by which the Greek work differs?
  171. 171. SMILE, NUDITY, FREE STANDING
  172. 172. How were the lines made in black figure painting?
  173. 173. INCESION
  174. 174. What are 2 stylistic conventions of Praxiteles style?
  175. 175. SOFT MARBLE, CONTRAPASTO, SOFTNESS INPRESENT FEATURES
  176. 176. Describe the circumstances that caused much of the Parthenon to collapse in 1687?
  177. 177. GUNPOWDER WAS STORED HERE
  178. 178. What is one major feature of the male Cycladic figure is different from the female Cycladic figure?
  179. 179. HE STANDS ON HISOWN ON A PEDESTAL 3D BODY MORE ROUNDED
  180. 180. What is on naturalistic feature of the painting that may reflect lost larger-scale paintings?
  181. 181. FORESHORTENING, SOME FIGURES ARE LOWER DOWN
  182. 182. What are 2 stylistic conventions that separateOrientalizing vase painting from geometric?
  183. 183. -DOESN’T HAVE TIGHT ORGANIZATION-MORE FIGURES TELLING STORIES -FEWER REGISTERS
  184. 184. What is one theory about how the Mycenean Period ended
  185. 185. INVASION OF DORIAN,FAMINE, EARTHQUAKE
  186. 186. The name Parthenon celebrates Athena in her identity as a ________ goddess
  187. 187. YOUNG VIRGIN
  188. 188. What makes the black clay slip of Greek vases stay black once it‟s fired?
  189. 189. HIGH IRON CONTENT
  190. 190. What was the goal of the Panathenaic procession? Where is it depicted on the parthenon
  191. 191. GIVE NEW DRESS TOWOODEN STATUE OF ATHENAON INNER FRIEZE
  192. 192. How were the lines made in red figure painting?
  193. 193. PAINTED

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