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Intellectual Freedom Through Subject Headings: Can FAST Help?

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Intellectual Freedom Through Subject Headings: Can FAST Help?

  1. 1. Intellectual Freedom through Subject Headings: Can FAST* Help? Emily Dust Nimsakont Cataloging Librarian Nebraska Library Commission NLA TSRT/IFRT Spring Meeting March 28, 2014 *Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/annarbor/4350629792/
  2. 2. Intellectual Freedom and Subject Headings What’s the connection? Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/43109416@N00/570302347/
  3. 3. Inaccurate or biased subject headings = unintentional barriers to information Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/73514861@N00/463810013/
  4. 4. Online catalogs emphasize catalog access over interactions with library staff. Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/63614902@N00/3276694461/
  5. 5. What is FAST? http://www.oclc.org/research/activities/fast.html
  6. 6. FAST headings in WorldCat Started in September 2013
  7. 7. FAST headings are derived from LCSH. LCSH FAST
  8. 8. What are facets? Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/86013963@N00/2233274479/
  9. 9. Why FAST? • Makes it easier to assign subject headings • FAST headings are used differently in online catalogs
  10. 10. What’s so difficult about subject headings, anyway? Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sybrenstuvel/2468506922/
  11. 11. Order of Subdivisions 650 _0 $a Indians of North America $z New England $x Religion. 650 _0 $a Indians of North America $x Missions $z New England. 650 _0 $a Indians of North America $z New England $x Ethnic identity.
  12. 12. Not all subdivisions can be used with all headings.
  13. 13. How are FAST headings used in catalog searches? Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/zsrlibrary/4575294736/
  14. 14. Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/68103485@N05/6197933357/
  15. 15. Traditional subject headings work really well with left- anchored browsing.
  16. 16. The same “facet” can be used in different ways in LCSH. 651 _0 $a Nebraska $x Economic conditions. 650 _0 $a Recreation areas $z Nebraska.
  17. 17. How does FAST work? Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/19779889@N00/8098328023/
  18. 18. Personal names Corporate names Geographic names Events Titles Time periods Topics Form/Genre 8 Facets of FAST
  19. 19. Differences between LCSH and FAST
  20. 20. Enumerative vs. Synthetic vs.
  21. 21. Enumerative vs. Synthetic vs.
  22. 22. Library of Congress Subject Headings Enumerated = 8% Created by catalogers = 92% Source: Chan, Lois Mai and Edward T. O’Neill. FAST: Faceted Application of Subject Technology: Principles and Application. Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited, 2010.
  23. 23. MARC Fields for FAST Headings • Topics = 650 • Geographic Names = 651 • Personal Names = 600 • Corporate Names = 610 • Time Periods =648 • Events = 611 • Titles = 630 • Form (Genre) = 655
  24. 24. MARC Fields for FAST Headings 650 _7 $a Political science $2 fast $0 (OCoLC)fst01069781 651 _7 $a Europe $2 fast $0 (OCoLC)fst01245064
  25. 25. Tools for working with FAST Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/95248808@N00/178177044/
  26. 26. searchFAST http://fast.oclc.org/searchfast/
  27. 27. assignFAST http://experimental.worldcat.org/fast/assignfast/
  28. 28. FAST Converter http://experimental.worldcat.org/fast/fastconverter/
  29. 29. FAST Authority Records http://www.oclc.org/research/activities/fast/download.html
  30. 30. FAST as Linked Data http://id.worldcat.org/fast/
  31. 31. Is anyone using FAST? University of North Dakota http://digital.library.und.edu/ National Library of New Zealand http://innz.natlib.govt.nz/
  32. 32. How does FAST help with intellectual freedom issues? Lower barrier to entry = more accurate subject heading assignment More understandable to catalog users = easier access to information Photo credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/86399392@N00/2039096034/
  33. 33. Resources Chan, Lois Mai and Edward T. O’Neill. FAST: Faceted Application of Subject Terminology: Principles and Applications. Santa Barbara, CA: Libraries Unlimited, 2010. OCLC’s FAST web page http://www.oclc.org/research/activities/fast.ht ml (Outputs section has many presentations and articles) ALCTS E-Forum: FAST for Cataloging and Discovery http://lists.ala.org/sympa/arc/alcts- eforum/2013-12/thrd1.html
  34. 34. Questions?
  35. 35. Thank you! Emily Dust Nimsakont Cataloging Librarian Nebraska Library Commission 800-307-2665 emily.dust.nimsakont@nebraska.gov http://delicious.com/enimsakont/fast

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