Freewrite 15 minutes Any style Any form Any approach to the topic Topic: Small moments can be the most rewarding.
Parallelism
What is parallelism? <ul><li>It is the goal of having closely related parts of a sentence fit harmoniously together. </li>...
Parallel in Form <ul><li>Items in a series should be expressed in similar ways </li></ul>Faulty parallelism: Three ways to...
<ul><li>Three ways to control stress are having an active social life, eating a balanced diet, and regular exercise. </li>...
Parallel in Logic <ul><li>Items in a series should be related in logic </li></ul>Faulty parallelism: Santa Claus is a man ...
<ul><li>Santa Claus is a man in a red suit, white beard, big belly, and eight flying reindeer. </li></ul>Santa Claus is a ...
Parallel by Relationship <ul><li>Word groups paired by contrast, alternation, or another relationship are strongest when p...
<ul><li>I thought I would save money but instead there was a financial loss. </li></ul>I thought  I would save money , but...
<ul><li>The advantages of public transit are low fare and the environment is saved. </li></ul>Public transit helps us  to ...
<ul><li>What fascinates me about New York is the size of the buildings and the people. </li></ul>What fascinates me about ...
Practice <ul><li>Handout </li></ul>
Practice <ul><li>Go back to your freewrite and make it parallel wherever possible.  </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight sentences ...
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Parallelism

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An overview of parallel structure in writing.

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Parallelism

  1. 1. Freewrite 15 minutes Any style Any form Any approach to the topic Topic: Small moments can be the most rewarding.
  2. 2. Parallelism
  3. 3. What is parallelism? <ul><li>It is the goal of having closely related parts of a sentence fit harmoniously together. </li></ul><ul><li>Faulty parallelism: </li></ul><ul><li>Gillian wanted to know why I was late, why I hadn’t phoned, and did I even take it seriously? </li></ul>Proper parallelism: Gillian wanted to know why I was late, why I hadn’t phoned, and why I didn’t take it seriously. “ Formula”: why + I + verb
  4. 4. Parallel in Form <ul><li>Items in a series should be expressed in similar ways </li></ul>Faulty parallelism: Three ways to control stress are having an active social life, eating a balanced diet, and regular exercise.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Three ways to control stress are having an active social life, eating a balanced diet, and regular exercise. </li></ul>Three ways to control stress are having an active social life, eating a balanced diet, and getting regular exercise. “ Formula”: active verb form Three things to control stress are an active social life , a balanced diet , and regular exercise . Formula”: adjective + noun Three ways to control stress are to socialize often, to eat a balanced diet, and to exercise regularly. Formula”: infinitive verb form
  6. 6. Parallel in Logic <ul><li>Items in a series should be related in logic </li></ul>Faulty parallelism: Santa Claus is a man in a red suit, white beard, big belly, and eight flying reindeer.
  7. 7. <ul><li>Santa Claus is a man in a red suit, white beard, big belly, and eight flying reindeer. </li></ul>Santa Claus is a man in a red suit, with a white beard and big belly . He has eight flying reindeer. “ Formula”: separate items not closely enough related to be parallel in form
  8. 8. Parallel by Relationship <ul><li>Word groups paired by contrast, alternation, or another relationship are strongest when parallel in form </li></ul>Faulty parallelism: I thought I would save money but instead there was a financial loss.
  9. 9. <ul><li>I thought I would save money but instead there was a financial loss. </li></ul>I thought I would save money , but instead I lost it . “ Formula”: I + verb + noun
  10. 10. <ul><li>The advantages of public transit are low fare and the environment is saved. </li></ul>Public transit helps us to save money and to protect the environment . “ Formula”: infinitive verb form + noun Public transit saves money and protects the environment . “ Formula”: present tense verb form + noun
  11. 11. <ul><li>What fascinates me about New York is the size of the buildings and the people. </li></ul>What fascinates me about New York is the people and the size of the buildings. “ Formula”: noun
  12. 12. Practice <ul><li>Handout </li></ul>
  13. 13. Practice <ul><li>Go back to your freewrite and make it parallel wherever possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight sentences that are parallel. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose two sentences to explain, at the end, how they are parallel (the “formula”) </li></ul>

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