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  1. 1.  COMPARISONS, SENTENCES AND SUPERLATIVES SENTENCES First of all our group is composed of two members: Laia and Andrea. We wild continue with sentences, superlatives sentences and comparisons: Scotland is in U.K Scotland’s traditional clothes are more strange than Spain’s clothes Scotland is bigger than Spain Scotland has got the best gol f curses in the world In Scotland is the most famous lake: the lonch Ness Scotland have more culture than Spain Scotland is colder than Spain In Scotland are more green places than in Japan Scotland have the most beautiful castles in the world Here we finish whit sentences and comparisons. New, we would like to begin with Scotland information: sport, culture, climate
  2. 2. Scotland is the northernmost of thefour constituent countries of the United Kingdom. Alongwith England and Wales, part of the island of GreatBritain, covering a third of its total area, is also made ​upof over 790 islands to the north and west by the AtlanticOcean on the east by the North Sea, south England andsouth-west by the North Channel and Irish Sea.The Scottish territory covers 78,772 km2 and itspopulation is estimatedat 5,116,900 inhabitants, resulting in a populationdensity of 65 inhabitants per km2. Thecapital is Edinburgh, and is a major Europeanfinancial centers. The largest city is Glasgowsmetropolitan area which encompasses 20% of thetotal Scottish population.
  3. 3. Unknown if Scotland was inhabited during the Paleolithic,as successive glaciations that covered itscurrent territory have destroyed all evidence of humansettlement prior to the Mesolithic period. It is believedthat the first groups of hunter-gatherers arrived about 11,000years ago, when the first glacial ice to retreatbegan northward. The firstsettlements Scottish appeared territory forabout9500 years ago and the first 6,000 people. From thisperiod dates e settlement of Skara Brae, the largest ofthe Orkney Islands, which is in very good condition, andother debris from homes schools and rituals from theNeolithic burials found mainly in the Scottish islands. Thisabundance of buildings that have survived the passage oftime may have been due to the absence of trees in thearea, which allowed early settlers to create theirown buildings in local stone.
  4. 4. The garment is the traditional Scottish kilt, themisnamed "kilt"-word is offensive to the Scots.The kilt is usually made ​of wool with a tartandesign, traditionally associated with a particularScottish clan. Each receives a Scottish kilt at anearly age, and use it on special occasions likeweddings, baptisms, communions ... The kilt iswrapped around the waist, and coverthe bottom to the knees, also because it hasno pockets, can be complemented with a specialbag called sporran. Contraryto popular belief that under thekilt underwear should not dress, the fact is thatthere is no established rule about it.
  5. 5. Sport also plays an important role in Scottish culture, as thecountry holds its own national championships in varioussports varieties, in addition to independent representationof the rest of the UK at events like the World Cup, theRugby World Cup or Commonwealth Games (although not inthe Olympics, in which the UK participates as a singlecomputer). In addition, Scotland has its own sporting bodiessuch as the Scottish Football Association (the nationalassociation football second oldest in the world) or theScottish Rugby Union.The most popular sport is football in Scotland. Somevarieties of football in Scotland have been practiced forcenturies: the earliest reference dates back to 1424.75 Theassociation football is the national sport of Scotland, andindeed the Scottish Cup is the national football trophyoldest mundo.
  6. 6. The most important football teams inScotland are Celtic and Rangers FootballClub Football Club, both of GlasgowCeltic, whose stadium is CelticPark, became champion of the EuropeanCup in 1967, while the Rangers, who playat Ibrox Stadium, it was the Cup WinnersCup in 1972. Their rivalry goes beyondmere sport, as the Celtic is the team ofCatholics in Scotland, Glasgow Rangerswhile it is of protestantes.77 Both teamsplay in the Scottish PremierLeague, founded in 1891 and the 12 teamscompeting. Ibrox Stadium, the field of theRangers, and Hampden Park, the stadiumwhere they usually play their home gamesthe Scottish football team are 5 starstadium by UEFA criteria.
  7. 7. St. Andrews, Fife County, isinternationally known as the "home ofgolf" and for many golfers the OldCourse at St Andrews, considered theoldest golf course in the world, isalmost a place of peregrinación.Thereare many other famous golf courses inScotland, including Carnoustie,Gleneagles, Muirfield and RoyalTroon. Rugby is also very popular inScotland: the Selection of Scottishrugby (which plays its home games atMurray field Stadium) participates inthe Six Nations tournament since itsinception, and has won 14 times.
  8. 8. The languages ​spoken today or in thepast in Scotland are divided into twofamilies: Celtic andGermanic languages​​. The only Celticlanguage which is still preserved inScotland is the Scottish Gaelic, spoken inparts of the Highlands and theHebrides (knownas Gàidhealtachd areas), butpreviously spoken in much wider areas, asevidenced by place names. A variantof Gaelic is also spoken in thesouthwest of Scotland, aroundGalloway, and Annandale and Strathnith, but has disappeared. Both languages ​comefrom the ancient Gaelic, a descendant inturn the original Gaelic. According to thecensus ofScotland, 2001, approximately 1% of the
  9. 9. Furthermore, the current Scotland two Germaniclanguages ​are spoken: English, Scottish andScotland. The Scotsman (English, Scots orLowland Scots) spoken in the south of Scotland in thearea known as Lowlands. It comes fromnorthern variant called Middle English known as"Old Scotch". According to the 2001census, approximately 30% of the population wasconsidered scots.fluent speaker of English inScotland, meanwhile, is the standard dialect ofEnglish spoken in Scotland. There you can findinfluences of Scottish and Scottish Gaelic. Thenorthern variant is a distinct dialect, the English ofthe Highlands, even more influenced by ScottishGaelic.
  10. 10. The climate is temperate and oceanic Scotland, andtends to be very variable. Is tempered by the GulfStream from the Atlantic Ocean, and thereforehas much milder winters (but alsowarm, humid summers) than other areas ofsimilar latitude as Oslo andMoscow. However, temperatures are generally lowerthan in the rest of the UK: the historicaltemperature lowest in the country are -27.2 ° C (-16.96 ° F) recorded at Braemar inthe Grampians the February 11, 1895 and January10, 1982, and in Altnaharra in the Highlands, on30 December 1995.44 the winter peak around 6 °C (42.8 ° F) in the Lowlands , andthe average summer maximum18 ° C (64.4 °F). The highest recorded temperature reached 32.9° C (91.22 ° F) in Greycrook inthe Scottish Borders, 9 August2003.45
  11. 11. In short, western Scotland is warmer than theeast, due to the influence of ocean currents andlower temperatures in the North Sea. Tree in theInner Hebrides, is one of the sunniest places inthe country had 329 hours of sunshine inMay1975. Rainfall varies enormously acrossScotland. The Western Highlands is the mostrain, with more than3,000 millimeters anuales.4nstead, muchof Scotland receives less than 800mm. Thesnowfall is not common in theLowlands, but at higher altitudes. Braemarexperiences an average of 59 days of snow ayear, while coastal areas have an average of lessthan 10 días.
  12. 12. Although the Bank of England is the central bankingthe UK, three Scottish banks still have the powerto produce their own banknotes: the Bankof Scotland, Royal Bank of Scotland andClydesdale Bank. The value of Scottish banknotes incirculation is estimated at 1,500 million pounds, andalthough it is not officially legal tender anywhere inthe United Kingdom, in practice these tickets areinterchangeable with those produced by the Bankof Inglaterra
  13. 13. Despite this equivalence, the banknotesissued in Scotland are sometimesrejected in England and Wales, and notalways accepted by other banksand exchange offices outside the UnitedKingdom. This is especially true with 1pound fare that still emits the Royal Bankof Scotland, and is the only 1pound note remains in circulationthroughout the R
  14. 14. Throughout the centuries, the cultureof Scotland is molded with theamalgam of different elements. Thereis a significant artistic activity, bothmusical and dramatic and literarysources influenced mightily bytraditional Scottish, but also open toexternal influences, especially inEurope. Music occupies an importantplace in Scottish culture. Thetraditional Scottish instrument is thebagpipe most notable, including theHighland bagpipe, a wind instrumentconsisting of one or more sound tubesfed by a reservoir of air in a bag. . .
  15. 15. The classic or Celtic harp, violins andaccordion are also traditional Scottishinstruments, especially the last two, which arepart of a typical band for traditional Scottishdances. Scottish emigrants took with themmany of these traditional forms of music thatinfluenced their host countries, for example incountry music in the music sceneestadounidense.55 modern, there are manybands and artists from Scotland, such as Belle& Sebastian , Primal Scream, Travis, FranzFerdinand or Snow Patrol.56Scottish literature includes text written inScotland, English, ScottishGaelic, Scottish, French or Latin.
  16. 16. The considered "national poet" RobertBurns, wrote in both Scots andEnglish, although much of his work is written ina simplified version of the Scottish accessible toa wider audience. Other internationallyrenowned Scottish writers include Sir WalterScott and Arthur Conan Doyle, whose work hadan international impact XIX.57 late JamesMatthew Barrie, author of Peter Pan, was thecreator of the movement known as "school ofKailyard" also in the late nineteenthcentury, which came into fashion fantasy andfolklore in the literatura.5
  17. 17. This literary tradition has been considered by somecritics as a brake on the development of Scottishliterature, and focusing on an image pastoral andidyllic Escocia.58 Some modern novelists like IrvineWelsh (author of Train spotting) have chosen toreflect the raw realities of contemporary life in theScottish cities, using the English Escocia.59National television is BBC Scotland (BBC Alba inGaelic), part of the British Broadcasting Corporation,the public channel in the UK
  18. 18. In addition to two television channels, theBBC also has national radio channels: BBCRadio Scotland and BBC Radio NanGaidheal, among others. The main privatetelevision stations in Scotland are the STVand Border Television. There are alsospecific to the field Scotsmannewspaper, the Daily Record, The Herald(published in Glasgow) or TheScotsman.60 newspapers circulatedamong the local or regional stress theCourier, published for Dundee and theeast of Scotland, and The Press andJournal, Aberdeen and norte.60
  19. 19. Some of the traditional Scottishdishes include Scotch broth or"Scotch broth" made from barley, meatandvegetables, the porridge or gruel, ormeat pies, especiallythe Scotch foot, stuffed lamb. Some ofthese dishes, such as porridge oroatcakes (oatcakes) may have itsorigins in the nomadic nature ofScottish origin, who always carry a bagof oats toeat. Also, the haggis, considered the"Scottish national dish," originally couldarise when transporting meat ina pork or lamb gut.
  20. 20. The haggis is like a pudding, but withlamb or venison, and is traditionally eaten duringthe "Burns Supper" on 25 January.In the early years of this century, Scottish cuisinehas had a "Renaissance" in 2006, nine of therestaurants have a Michelin star, and manyrestaurants that combine traditional elementswith contemporary innovations in the kitchen . Inaddition, all major Scottish cities hostinginternational restaurants . FOR EXAMPLE:Chinese, Italian, Mexican, Indian, ...
  21. 21. The most internationally renowned beverage of Scotlandis whiskey, to the point that in America it iscalled simply Scotch, and in England theterm "whiskey" means the Scottish origin, unlessotherwise indicated. The origin of the whiskey inScotland seems to go back to the fourth centuryor V, where the monks brought distillation continent. Forcenturies the Scotch production was stable, butits final explosion occurred in the nineteenthcentury, when it developed new modes ofproduction, taking advantage of the plagueof phylloxera devastated the vineyards of France andSpanish in 1880.
  22. 22. Beer is also a popular drink among the Scots:Scottish ales are characterized by their darkcolor and malty flavor. Some of the best-known beer brands in Scotlandare Belhaven, Ten Ensor Caledonian, but thereare many other signals of local or regionaldistribution.Among the beverages, the mostcharacteristic of Scotlands Irn-Bru, soda, competing in popularity withthe Coca-Cola.7
  23. 23. The flora and fauna of Scotland is typicalofnorthwestern Europe, although several largemammals such as grizzlybear, wolf, aurochs,Tarpan, lynx, beaver, reindeer, elkor walrus were hunted to extinction in historictimes. There are still large populations of sealsand nesting areas for seabirds suchas gannets común.48 The golden eagle is almosta national symbol, with the white-tailed eagle, theosprey and red kite,which have recentlybeen reintroduced in Scotland after being huntedto extinction.
  24. 24. A population of Plectrophenax invalids come in thesummer to the mountain peaks ofScotland, where winter can also beseen partridges, haresand mink coat in invernal. still retaincertainpinos forests it inhabits the Loxia sciatica, theonly endemic bird in Britain, the same habitat isalso suitable for capercaillie and blackgrouse, wildcat, red squirrel and pine marten
  25. 25. Scotland has five international airports:Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Glasgow Prestwick and Inverness, which connect to 150destinations intotal international scheduledand chárter.95 BAAoperates three of theseairports (Edinburgh, Glasgow andAberdeen), while Highland andIslands airports controls 11 smallerregionalairports (including Inverness), whichconnect tothemost remote Escocia.96 Finally, thecompany Infratil owns Glasgow Prestwick airp
  26. 26. The main highways and major roads (knownastrunk roads) are run by Transport Scotland, whilethe rest of the network of roads is the responsibilityof local authorities in each area.Given that Scotland has lots of islands, thereareregular ferry services linking them with themainland. These services are mainly developedbyCaledonian MacBrayne, but there are othercompanies, and some lines directly depend onthe county. There are also internationalferry linesthat connect Scotland to NorthernIreland, Belgium, Norway, the Faroe Islands andIceland.
  27. 27. The rail network is runby Transport ScotlandScotland.97 lines known as East CoastMainLine ("Main Line East Coast"), West Coast MainLine("Main Line West Coast") and Cross Country line ("line acrossthe country") connect most major cities in Scotlandbetweenthemselves and with the rail network inEngland.There are also domestic train services operatedby First Scotrail. In the main line of the eastcoastincluding the section crossing the Firth of Forthviathe Forth Bridge
  28. 28. This cantilever bridge, completed in 1890, isconsidered a pioneering work of civil engineering andis one of the most recognizable monuments Escocia.98Network Rail owns and controls all railinfrastructure in Scotland, while the Scottishgovernment is responsible for planningandfinanciación.99¡
  29. 29. THE END!!!!!!