The Elements Of Radio


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By Rubén Bermejo López, English Language Teacher at IES Luis Vives in Leganés, Spain.

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The Elements Of Radio

  1. 1. THE ELEMENTS OF RADIO The Elements of Radio by Rubén Bermejo is licensed under a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
  2. 2. THE ELEMENTS OF RADIO The main set of elements involved in the creation of a radio script are: 1. Human voice 2. Music 3. Sound effects 4. Silence
  3. 3. Human voice Voice is a crucial element in radio. It can provoke different reactions on the listener depending on its characteristics.
  4. 4. Human voice If we do not take care of our voice and the way we speak, we will not make it easy for the listener to understand our message. Tips • Speak slowly. We are not in a hurry! • Move your mouth as much as you can while pronouncing words. • Do not laugh! (if not on script) There are people listening to you.
  5. 5. Music Music is very important. Its main aim is to generate the appropriate atmosphere so as to make language work on the listener and with the desired objective.
  6. 6. Music Music does not transmit ideas or concrete realities, instead it works on emotions. The listener would understand and feel different emotions depending on the images and feelings generated by the music. It is one of the most meaningful elements of the radio language.
  7. 7. Music Music functions: • Grammatical: it joins different spaces and identifies different contents and sections of the programme. • Descriptive: when the music is part of the narration. • As content: in musical programmes.
  8. 8. Silence Silence is a very useful resource to put emphasis and atmosphere to the radio message. However, there is usually not much place for silence in radio scripts. Silence can provide a message with tension, emotion and very deep feelings.
  9. 9. Silence Silence functions: • Expressive: to represent emotional states. • Interactive: when doing interviews, the interviewer does not speak to stimulate the thinking time. • Narrative: to represent a gap in time.
  10. 10. Sound Effects Sound effects are sounds produced by a human voice or by other things (e.g. animals, objects) which are neither words nor music. Noises and effects provoke the listener to imagine, thus they are very important in a radio message.
  11. 11. Sound Effects Effects function: • Descriptive: effects are crucial in the process of building a sound landscape.
  12. 12. THE ELEMENTS OF RADIO Human voice, music, sound effects and silence combine altogether and create sound landscapes or sound images.
  13. 13. Sound Landscapes Radio listeners create images in their minds with the help of these sound elements. A radio piece makes your listeners imagine.