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Talking about V-ingFunctions & How to
V-ing✦ Gerunds✦ Participles✦ Participial adjectives✦ And other usages
Gerunds✴Subject in a sentence ✴Learning English is necessary for your future. ✴Eating junk food is bad for your health.
Gerunds✴Object of a preposition ✴Thank you for returning my call. ✴Can you touch your toes without bending your knees? ✴Jill ﬁnds pleasure in reading books.
Gerunds✴Object of a verb ✴We do not allow smoking in the room. ✴Jane misses living in the country. ✴Jack didn’t recall telling Jill the news.
Participles✴Progressive form ✴Verb to be + V-ing ✴The whole family is watching the singing competition in the living room.
Adjectives✴ Describe a noun ✴ Werewolves are frightening ﬁctional creatures. [= werewolves frighten people.] ✴ The plot of her new novel is fascinating. [=the plot fascinates readers.]
Other Usages✦ Use V-ing after these words ✦ Time linkers ✦ Go ✦ Possessive adjectives ✦ There is no ...
Time Linkers✴Before, after, while, when, if, unless ✴Before going to bed, be sure to brush your teeth. ✴While driving a car, it’s wise not to talk on the phone.
Go✴Use V-ing after Go ✴I go shopping every other day. ✴Let’s go ﬁshing this weekend. ✴Jack loves to go hiking. [or Jack loves going hiking.]
Possessive Adjectives✴Use V-ing after my, your, our, his, her, its ✴Liz cannot accept his telling lies. ✴Paul’s drinking cost him his job. ✴Jill’s expertise is her cooking.
There✴Use V-ing after ‘There is no ...’ ✴There is no denying that studying in higher degrees can be tough. ✴There is no telling what they will do.