A paraphrase is an extract from
another source re-written by
another person. A paraphrase
contains all or most of the points
of the original text and is around
the same length. A reference
must be provided.
Davies, W. M. And Beaumont, T. J. (2007), Paraphrasing, Teaching
and Learning Unit, Faculty of Business and Economics, the
University of Melbourne
In a nutshell
To rewrite the idea from the original
text in your very own words
To avoid plagiarism, copying and
infringing on other’s works
How to paraphrase
You need to understand what the
original text conveys
What is the topic and main message?
Stumble upon unknown vocabulary? Consult a
Write down what you understand in
your own words
Mix several techniques to
give paraphrasing an
My friend has many cats.
A friend of mine owns several feline
The working team forecasted a
big increase in sales.
Forecast: predict, expect
Big: major, huge, sizable, considerable
Increase: rise, growth, boost
Her name is Jane.
Jane is her name.
She looks so cute
when she has a ﬂower
in her hand.
When she holds a ﬂower in
her hand, she looks very
When it rains heavily,
don’t forget your
You shouldn’t be in an
Be sure to bring an umbrella,
and avoid an open area during
the heavy rain.
Van Gogh was a
He became famous
Van Gogh, who was a
great Dutch painter,
after his death.
Change Part of
Verb ≶ Noun ≶ Adjective ≶ Adverb
The department’s summary shows
the continuous increase in sale.
The department summarizes that sale
She studies hard, for she wants to
get a scholarship. [compound]
Because she wishes to receive a scholarship,
she spends a lot of time studying. [complex]
The news reported that monsoon
was coming to the north. [s/v]
According to the news, the monsoon was
approaching the northern part. [phrase]
A TV commercial is expensive;
however, it is not effective.
However: although, but, despite
Although a TVC is costly, it is not effective.
A TVC is pricey, but it does not work.
Despite the high price, a TVC does not
work. [simple sentence]
The Declaration of
written by Thomas