sentence pattern

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sentence pattern

  1. 1. Sentence Pattern Simple Sentence Compound Sentence Complex Sentence
  2. 2. Simple Sentence •Simple Sentence = a single clause •A clause = a subject + a predicate •Subject = agent/topic of the sentence’s action •Predicate = verb [+object/modifier/ complement]
  3. 3. Harry Potter is a wizard. Vampires, werewolves, and zombies do not usually get along.
  4. 4. Compound Sentence •2 or more independent clauses •Conjunction [FANBOYS] with a COMMA
  5. 5. Example Vampires drink blood. Werewolves eat meat. Vampires drink blood, but werewolves eat meat.
  6. 6. Elena doesn’t want to be a vampire. She doesn’t want to kill people. Elena doesn’t want to be a vampire, for she doesn’t want to kill people.
  7. 7. Complex Sentence •2 clauses •Independent clause •A subject & a verb that make a complete thought •Dependent clause •Always needs to be attached to an independent clause •Makes incomplete thought when standing alone
  8. 8. Adverb Clause •Cause/effect: because, since, as •Comparison/contrast: although, whereas, while •Condition: if, unless •Time: since, as, when
  9. 9. Example Ronaldo wanted to be a footballer. He is now a model. Although Ronaldo wanted to be a footballer, he is now a model. Although Ronaldo wanted to be a footballer >> dependent clause
  10. 10. Relative clause •Used to modify a noun •Clause starts with •Who, whom, which, whose, where, when, why
  11. 11. Messi is a world’s best footballer. He plays for FC Barcelona. Messi, who plays for FC Barcelona, is a world’s best footballer. Messi, who plays for FC Barcelona >> incomplete sentence
  12. 12. Errors •Fragment •Comma splice
  13. 13. Fragment •Incomplete sentence •Missing a subject/verb •Missing a clause
  14. 14. Comma Splice •A comma is NOT used to join sentences •Use CONJUNCTION to join sentences
  15. 15. Sam and Dean are vampire hunters. Walking leisurely in a garden Missing S or V James, who likes playing basketball No predicate
  16. 16. Although we study hard Fragment > only dependent clause Because it is fictional Fragment > only dependent clause Jack plays computer games, Jill reads comic books. Comma splice

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