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Basic grammer

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English basic grammar

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Basic grammer

  1. 1. GRAMMER IS A VERY IMPORTANT FOUNDATION OF THE LANGUAGE . YOU SHOULD BE GRAMMETICALLY CORRECT WHEN YOU SPEAK OR WRITE ANY LAUNGUAGE . ENGLISH IS ONE OF THE LAUGUAGE WHERE YOU SHOULD GOOD COMMAND OVER THE GRAMMER SUPPOSE WE HAVE TO SOLVE A PROBLEM OF MATHEMATICS WE SHOULD KNOW THE FORMULAE OF THAT PROBLEM THEN ONLY WE CAN SOLVE OR MAKE AN EQUATION. GRAMMER IS THE FORMULAE OF THE LANGUAGE . IF YOU WANT TO STRENGHTEN YOUR LANGUAGE YOU HAVE TO STRENGHTEN YOUR GRAMMER. WE WILL ALSO INTRODUCE THESE PRESENTATIONS IN HINDI VERY SOON SO THAT STUDENTS WILL ABLE TO CLEAR THE GRAMMER CONCEPT VERY EASILY.
  2. 2. CYCLE OF GRAMMER BASIC GRAMMER NOUN PRONOUN ADJECTICE VERB ADVERB PREPOSITION CONJUCTION INTERJECTION
  3. 3. ENGLISH TO HINDI  ENGLISH MAI GRAMMER KE EIGHT PILLAR HOTAI HAI  NOUN (KISI NAME KE LIYE USE KIYA JATA HAI )  PRONOUN( JO NOUN KI JAGAH USE KIYA JATA HAI)  ADJECTIVE(JO NOUN AUR PRONOUN KO EK MEANING DE)  VERB(KISI BHI CHEEZ KO KHENE KE LIYE JAISE ACTION, FEELING KO BATANE KE LIYE )  ADVERB(JO HAR VERB KA EK MEANING BANATA HO)  PREPOSITION(JO HAR SENTENSE KO EK MEANING DETA HO YA JO NOUN, PRONOUN SE PHELE LAGTA HO)  CONJUCTION( DO SHABDO KO JODNE KE LEYE USE KIYA JATA HAI).  INTERJECTION (KHUSHI DUKH KO JAHIR KARNE KE LIYE KIYA JATA HAI)
  4. 4. NOUN PRONOUN ADJECTIVE VERB ADVERB PREPOSITION CONJUCTION INTERJECTION
  5. 5. NOUN  THE NOUN IS A WORD WHICH IS USED AS THE NAME OF A PERSON,A PLACE OR A THING : AS  NAME OS THE PERSON  NAME OF THE PLACE  NAME OF THE ACTION  NAME OF THE THING  NAME OF THE QUALITY  NAME OF THE SITUATION  NAME OF THE ANIMAL  NAME OF THE RIVERS  NAME OF THE MOUNTAINS
  6. 6. FOR INSTANCE MANOJ WRITES A LETTER. MANOJ IS A NOUN RAVI PLAYS A CRICKET. RAVI IS A NOUN DELHI IS A CRIME CAPITAL. DELHI IS A NOUN.
  7. 7. PRONOUN  A PRONOUN IS A WORD WHICH IS USED IN A PLACE OF NOUN.
  8. 8. TYPES OF PRONOUN PERSONAL PRONOUN. INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS. RELATIVE PRONOUNS. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. DISTRIBUTIVE PRONOUNS. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS. RECIPROCAL PRONOUNS EMPATHITIC PRONOUNS.
  9. 9. PERSONAL PRONOUN  I AM GOING.  WE ARE GOING  YOU ARE GOING.  HE IS GOING.  SHE IS GOING.  THEY ARE GOING.
  10. 10. INTERROGATIVE PRONOUN  WHO WROTE THIS LETTER?  WHOM DO YOU WANT?  WHAT IS THIS?  WHICH IS YOUR BOOK?  WHOSE BOOK IS THIS?  WHICH OF THE TWO BROTHERS IS YOUR FRIEND?
  11. 11. RELATIVE PRONOUN  I MET RAM WHO RETURNED MY BOOK.  SHE RELEASED THE PARROT,WHICH AT ONCE FLEW AWAY.  HE BROKE MY SLAT ,WHICH I BOUGHT YESTERDAY.
  12. 12. DISTRIBUTIVE PRONOUN TAKE EITHER OF THESE TWO APPLES. NEITHER OF THE TWO SISTER CAME. EACH OF YOU CAN GO HOME. ANY OF THESE FIVE GIRLS MAY SING.
  13. 13. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUN  THIS IS MY PEN.  THAT IS YOUR BOOK.  THESE ARE OUR TOYS.  THOSE ARE YOURS.
  14. 14. INDEFINITE PRONOUN NONE HELPED ME. DO GOOD TO OTHERS. ALL KNEW HIM. SOME COME AND SOME GO. ONE SHOULD DO ONE,S DUTIES MANY OF THEM ARE INDIANS.
  15. 15. REFLEXIVE PRONOUN I HURT MYSELF. MAMTA DECEIVED HERSELF. WE DID OURSELVES. HE WAS SITTING THERE BY HIMSELF. YOU CAN GO HOME YOURSELF. YOU HAVE DONE IT YOURSELF.
  16. 16. RECIPROCAL PRONOUN THE TWO BROTHER LOVED EACH OTHER. THE BOYS HELPED ONE ANOTHER.
  17. 17. EMPHATIC PRONOUN I MYSELF WILL GO THERE. YOU YOURSELF CAN DO IT. HE HIMSELF SAW IT. THEY THEMSELVES ARE TO BLAM.
  18. 18. FOR INSTANCE DEEPAK DID NOT COME AS HE WAS ILL. HE IS THE PRONOUN HERE. RITA FAILED BECAUSE SHE DID NOT WORK HARD. SHE IS THE PRONOUN HERE. THE LADY WHO WROTE THIS NOVEL IS COMING TO DINNER.
  19. 19. ADJECTIVE  ADJECTIVE IS WORD WHICH ADDS SOMETHING TO THE MEANING OF A NOUN OR A PRONOUN.
  20. 20. TYPES OF ADJECTIVE ADJECTIVE OF QUANITY PROPER ADJECTIVE ADJECTIVE OF NUMBER. DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVE. DISRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVE. INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVE. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE.
  21. 21. ADJECTIVE OF QUALITY MAMTA IS A BEAUTIFUL GIRL. THE CAT IS BLACK. MANOJ IS A GOOD BOY. WE USE WARM CLOTHS IN A WINTER
  22. 22. PROPER ADJECTIVE AN INDIAN POLITICIAN. THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. THE ASSAM TEA.
  23. 23. ADJECTIVE OF QUANTITY MUCH MONEY. LITTLE BREAD. ENOUGH WATER. SUFFICIENT LABOUR. SOME MILK. NO SENSE.
  24. 24. ADJECTIVE OF NUMBER ALL CATS. FEW CARS. SEVERAL PASSANGERS.
  25. 25. DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVE THIS BOOK IS GOOD. THAT PEN IS BLACK. THESE COWS ARE WHITE. THOSE PENCILS ARE GREEN
  26. 26. DISTRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVE EACH BOY CAME EITHER BOY WILL GO. NITHER STATEMENT IS TRUE.
  27. 27. INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVE WHAT TIME IS IT NOW? WHICH BOOM IS YOURS? WHOSE PEN IS THIS?
  28. 28. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE MY SISTER OUR BOOKS. HIS PEN. THEIR HOUSE.
  29. 29. VERB  A VERB IS WORD USED TO SAY SOMETHING ACTION,FEELING OR EXISTENCE. MOHAN WRITES. THEY FEEL SAD. ASHOKA WAS GREAT KING.
  30. 30. TYPES OF VERB INTRANSSITIVE VERB. TRANSITIVE VERB. LINKING VERB. AUXILIARY VERB.
  31. 31. INTRANSITIVE VERB SUNITA LAUGHS. RAVI WEEPS. RAM SLEEPS. HE GOES.
  32. 32. TRANSITIVE VERB RAM WRITES A LETTER. SITA SINGS A SONG. SHYAM PLAYS HOCKEY. GITA LOVES HER MOTHER.
  33. 33. LINKING VERB HONEY TASTES SWEET. THE SUN IS HOT. SHE LOOKS SAD. SONIA IS ABSENT.
  34. 34. AUXILIARY VERB SHE IS WRITING AN ESSAY. HE WAS TAKING TEA. YOU HAVE TOLD A LIE. I HAD OPENED THE DOOR. WE DO NOT READ.
  35. 35. ADVERB  THE ADVERB IS A WORD THAT MODIFIES EVERY PART OF SPEECH EXCEPT A NOUN,PRONOUN AND INTERJECTION.
  36. 36. TYPES OF ADVERB SIMPLE ADVERB. RELATIVE ADVERB. INTERROGATIVE.
  37. 37. SIMPLE ADVERB THE SOLDIERS FOUGHT BRAVELY. SOHAN READS CLEARLY. YOU SHOULD WRITE LEGIBLY.
  38. 38. RELATIVE ADVERB THIS IS THE PLACE WHERE WE MET TWO YEARS AGO. THIS IS THE REASON WHY HE DID NOT COME. SHE KHOWS THE WAY HOW A CAR IS DRIVEN.
  39. 39. INTERROGATIVE ADVERB WHY ARE YOU LATE? HOW ARE YOU NOW? WHERE DOES SARITA LIVE? WHEN DO YOU GO TO BED AT NIGHT?
  40. 40. PREPOSITIONS  PREPOSITIONS IS A WORD PLACED BEFORE A NOUN OR A PRONOUN TO SHOW ITS RELATION TO SOME OTHER WORD IN THE SENTENCE.
  41. 41. TYPES OF PREPOSITION SIMPLE PREPOSITIONS. COMPOUND PREPOSITIONS. PHRASE PREPOSITION.
  42. 42. SIMPLE PREPOSITION IN,ON,AT,TO,FROM ,WITH,BY SOHAN IS IN THE ROOM. HE IS IN THE MARKET. THERE IS A LITTLE WATER IN JUG SHEENA LIVES IN MUMBAI. INDIA BECAME FREE IN 15 AUG 1947.
  43. 43. COMPOUND PREPOSITIONS ABOUT,ACROSS,AMONG,BETWEEN,BESIDES,BEF ORE. DIVIDE THESE APPLES AMONG THIRTY GIRLS. BETWEEN YOU AND YOUR BROTHER WHO IS YOUNGER?
  44. 44. PHRASE PREPOSITIONS  ACCORDING TO ,INSPITE OF, ON ACCOUNT OF ,IN FRONT OF, IN ORDER TO, FOR THE SAKE OF,BY MEANS OF,IN ADDITION TO ,DUE TO
  45. 45. CONJUCTION  CONJUCTION IS A WORD WHICH IS USED TO JOIN TWO WORDS,CLAUSE OR SENTENCES.
  46. 46. CO-ORDINATING CONJUCTION  CUMULATIVE CONJUCTION:- AND ,ALSO,BOTH,AND,AS WELL AS, NOW, TOO, NO LESS THAN,
  47. 47. CUMULATIVE CONJUCTION DO GOOD UNTO OTHERS AND FORGET. TRUST IN GOD AND DO THE RIGHT ROHIT AS WELL AS RAJESH IS ABSENT. SUMIT IS A SINGER AND A DANCER TOO.
  48. 48. ALTERNATIVE CONJUCTION EITHER…….OR,NEITHER……..NOR,ELSE,OR,OTHER WISE. EITHER MOHAN IS IGNORENT OR HE IS A FOOL. SHE MUST STUDY HARD,OTHERWISE SHE WILL FAIL. HE MUST WEEP OR HE WILL DIE.
  49. 49. ADVERSATIVE CONJUCTION  BUT,YET,STILL,ONLY,HOWEVER,NEVERTHELESS,WHIL E,WHEAREAS.  ROHIT WORKED HARD,BUT HE FAILED.  SUMIT WALKED FAST NEVERTHELESS HE MISSED THE TRAIN.  SHE ALWAYS MAKES FINE PROMISES ONLY SHE NEVER KEEPS THEM.  RAHUL IS POOR STILL HE ALWAYS DONATE MONEY.  RAJESH IS VERY DULL,WHEAREAS HIS BROTHER IS TOO INTELLIGENT.
  50. 50. ILLATIVE CONJUCTIONS FOR , THEREFORE , SO, THEN, SO THEN YOU WILL SURELY PASS FOR YOU WORKED HARD. HE WAS RUDE, THEREFORE, I AM NOT TALKING TO HIM. SUNITA DID NOT WALK FAST,SO SHE MISSED THE TRAIN . IT IS TIME TO START THE RACE,LET US START THEN.
  51. 51. SUBORDINTING CONJUCTION  IF YOU RUN FAST YOU WILL WIN THE RACE. SINCE I AM ILL I CANNOT GO TO OFFICE TODAY. BEFORE YOU GO THERE YOU SHOULD CONCERN THE EXPERT .
  52. 52. INTERJECTION  INTERJECTION USE TO SHOW THE JOY,SORROW,CALLING AND ATTENTION
  53. 53. JOY-HURRAH ! HA! SORROW- ALAS ! AH! AH ME ! CALLING- HELLO ! ATTENTION- LISTEN !

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