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Introduction to modernism, Molly Bloom's soliloquy and e. e. cummings

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  1. 1. Modernism AO4: To be able to comment on the cultural context of modernism. AO3: To evaluate a number of readings of a text.On your sheet, look at the passage. Around the extract, write as many questions as you can think of. D – ask general comprehension questions. C – ask specific and detailed questions about individual words/ phrases.B – ask questions about why the extract is presented in a certain way and what it is presenting. A – Evaluative questions on the style and format of the passage.
  2. 2. Homework1) Can I have your modernist poem and essay from last week?2) Compare how the writers present celebratory love in Yeats’ He Remembers Forgotten Beauty and e.e. cummings’ I like my body when it is with your?3) Choose a lovesong that you like with interesting lyrics to comment on. Bring it to school on Monday after half term (we will be using them on the residential!).
  3. 3. God of heaven theres nothing like nature the wild mountains then the sea andthe waves rushing and as for them saying theres no God I wouldnt give a snapof my two fingers for all their learning who was the first person in the universebefore there was anybody that made it all who ah that they dont know neitherdo I so there you are they might as well try to stop the sun from risingtomorrow the sun shines for you he said the day we were lying among therhododendrons on Howth head in the grey tweed suit and his straw hat theday I got him to propose to me yes first I gave him the bit of seedcake out ofmy mouth and it was leapyear like now yes 16 years ago my God after thatlong kiss I near lost my breath yes he said I was a flower of the mountain yesthat was one true thing he said in his life and the sun shines for you today yesthat was why I liked him because I saw he understood or felt what a woman isand I knew I could always get round him and I gave him all the pleasure I couldleading him on till he asked me to say yes and I wouldnt answer first onlylooked out over the sea and the sky I was thinking of so many things he didntknow of Mulvey and Mr Stanhope and father and old captain Groves andSpanish girls laughing and the sea the sea crimson sometimes like fire and theglorious sunsets yes and Gibraltar as a young girl where I was a Flower of themountain yes and I thought well as well him as another and then I asked himwith my eyes to ask again yes and then he asked me would I yes to say yes mymountain flower and first I put my arms around him yes and drew him down tome so he could feel my breasts all perfume yes and his heart was going likemad and yes I said yes I will Yes.
  4. 4. James Joyce - UlyssesConsidered to be one of the foremost modernist novels – it replays the events of Homer’s The Odyssey in one day in Dublin, 16th June 1904. It uses a huge range of diverse styles and flavours to display the modern world.The extract is the final lines of the novel from the chapter titled Penelope. It is said by Molly Bloom, one of the main character’s wife, who up til now has been referred to as an adulteress, whorish and overly sexualised
  5. 5. Molly Bloom’s soliloquy1) What kind of woman is the narrator? Is she contradictory?2) How does Joyce indicate the natural flow and connections made by a mind thinking? Why would he do this?3) What is the attitude towards love presented in this poem? Provide evidence and explain its effect.4) How is repetition used to structure the piece? What is the tone created by this device?5) How is a tone of nostalgia created throughout the poem? What does that imply about the love described in the piece?6) How does Joyce manipulate traditional expectations of prose to present a powerful view of love?
  6. 6. With your partner, share your knowledge about modernism and make a list of 5 key facts/ criteria of modernist texts.• Period of time• Key writers/ names• Stylistic Tools• Attitude to the world• Feelings created in the reader• Structures used• Goals of the movement
  7. 7.  Rejection and breaking up of tradition Challenging false harmony and coherence Celebrating the urban anonymity. Make it new! Collage and juxtaposition... Breaking and fragmenting to present a deeper truth To present a mind working naturally. Breaking the rules of language to show deeper meaning. Pessimism?
  8. 8. Out of the horror of World War I...T.S. Eliot “expressed the disillusionment of a generation” in his poem The Waste Land.After WW1, a generation of men returned often unable to rationalise the horrors they had witnessed. The way machines (guns, grenades etc.) had killed millions, maimed millions and haunted the rest made people feel disjointed from the traditional world.The movement of modernism (then termed ‘avant- garde’) arose out of this feeling – traditional values felt out of place in this new mechanised, world. As Ezra Pound wrote, these artists sought to ‘Make It New’.
  9. 9. Stream of ConsciousnessThe ordinary man’s experience, Eliot argued, is ‘chaotic, irregular, fragmentary’; the ‘ordinary man’ falls in love, or reads Spinoza, and these experiences have nothing to do with each other, or with the noise of the typewriter or the smell of booking, but for the poet ‘these experiences are always forming new wholes.’Writers developed stream of consciousness as a mode to express the natural fragmentation of the human mind.
  10. 10. e.e. cummings – a sonnet i like my body when it is with your body. It is so quite new a thing. Muscles better and nerves more. i like your body. i like what it does, i like its hows. i like to feel the spine of your body and its bones, and the trembling -firm-smooth ness and which i will again and again and again kiss, i like kissing this and that of you, i like,, slowly stroking the, shocking fuzz of your electric fur, and what-is-it comes over parting flesh… And eyes big love-crumbs, and possibly i like the thrill of under me you so quite new
  11. 11. He Remembers Forgotten Beauty When my arms wrap you round I press My heart upon the loveliness That has long faded from the world; The jewelled crowns that kings have hurled In shadowy pools, when armies fled; The love-tales wrought with silken thread By dreaming ladies upon cloth That has made fat the murderous moth; The roses that of old times were Woven by ladies in their hair, The dew-cold lilies ladies bore Through many a sacred corridor Where such grey clouds of incense rose That only Gods eyes did not close: For that pale breast and lingering hand Came from a more dream-heavy land, A more dream-heavy hour than this; And when you sigh from kiss to kiss I hear white Beauty sighing, too, For hours when all must fade like dew, But flame on flame, and deep on deep, Throne over throne where in half sleep, Their swords upon their iron knees, Brood her high lonely mysteries. W B. Yeats
  12. 12. my love is building a buildingaround you, a frail slippery house, a strong fragile house(beginning at the singular beginningof your smile)a skilful uncouthprison, a precise clumsyprison(building thatandthis into Thus,Around the reckless magic of your mouth)my love is building a magic, a discretetower of magic and(as i guess)when Farmer Death(whom fairies hate)shallcrumble the mouth-flower fleetHell not my tower, laborious, casualwhere the surrounded smile hangs breathlessee cummings
  13. 13. i carry your heart with me (i carry it in my heart) i am never without it (anywhere i go you go, my dear; and whatever is done by only me is your doing, my darling) i fear no fate (for you are my fate, my sweet) i want no world (for beautiful you are my world, my true) and its you are whatever a moon has always meant and whatever a sun will always sing is you here is the deepest secret nobody knows (here is the root of the root and the bud of the bud and the sky of the sky of a tree called life; which grows higher than the soul can hope or mind can hide) and this is the wonder thats keeping the stars apart i carry your heart (i carry it in my heart)e.e. cummings