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DR. Charles Browne
Learning Vocabulary Webinar
Dr. Charles Browne, Professor of TESOL & Applied Linguistics
Director, EFL Teacher Education Program
Meiji Gakuin Universi...
A few of my many online vocabulary learning projects…
Outline of Presentation(s):


Why focus on Vocabulary?



A quick introduction to corpus linguistics and associated
onli...
Why Focus
on
Vocabulary?
The seminal work in
vocabulary instruction…

(2000, Cambridge University Press)

(1990, Heinle & Heinle)
600,000

The largest dictionary of English (the
Oxford English Dictionary) contains
over 600,000 word families…

3
2
1

of...
600,00
0

The number of words we
need is actually much
less…
580,000 unknown words!

20,000

1

The average college-educat...
600,000

Average Native
Speaker Vocabulary
20,000

5,000
20,000

95% is minimum threshold
for comprehension…

Knowledge of...
Problem 1: most EFL Learners know far fewer
than 5000 words…
Country

Vocab.
Size

Hours of
Instruction

Reference

Japan ...
Problem 2: Studying the wrong words…
Frequency

The Negative Effect of “Test English” in
Japan…

600,000
・
・
・
・

84,168
・...
Solution:
Use the science of corpus linguistics to
create short lists of words that give learners
the maximum amount of co...
OK, so what’s a Corpus?
A more precise
definition…
A corpus can be defined as a collection of texts
assumed to be representative of a given langua...
And a less
precise one…

A corpus is
basically just a
huge bunch of
texts….
Types of Corpora:


Written vs. Spoken



General vs. Specialized
 e.g. ESP, Learner corpora



Monolingual vs. Multil...
17
One Problem with Corpus and
Vocabulary List Development:

WYPIIWYGO (????)
A few current Corpus
Projects…
1.

Business English Word List for NHK TV Show in Japan

2.

EnglishCentral (a HUGE video c...
A New General Service List
www.newgeneralservicelist.org
Basic Corpus Analysis
Tools


A Corpus: a systematic collection of speech
or writing that is built according to explicit
...
OK, so what’s a
concordance look like?

22
So how can
we use a
concordanc
e in the
classroom?
www.lextutor.ca/c
oncordancers/
EnglishCentral.com’s Cool Video Concordancer
A typical readout from a Concordancer
Select any word from
any video and instantly
get multiple
contextualized
examples of the word in
use in authentic
videos…
Another Cool Corpus Tool:
Tom Cobb’s Keyword Extractor
http://www.lextutor.ca/
Key Words identified for Dracula…
How about
Word Clouds?

www.wordle.net
Free Graded Text Editor & Analysis
Tool www.er-central.com/ogte/
Google’s N-Gram Tool
TV vs. Radio vs. Magazine vs. Cell Phoneover the past 150 years…
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

British National Corpus BNC
Sight Words (Dolche, 1948)
GSL (West, 1953)
AWL (Coxhead, 2000)
New GSL (Brow...
Dr. Charles Browne, Professor of TESOL & Applied Linguistics
Director, EFL Teacher Education Program
Meiji Gakuin Universi...
Eccup webinar part 1
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Eccup webinar part 1

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Eccup webinar part 1

  1. 1. DR. Charles Browne Learning Vocabulary Webinar
  2. 2. Dr. Charles Browne, Professor of TESOL & Applied Linguistics Director, EFL Teacher Education Program Meiji Gakuin University; Tokyo, Japan browne@ltr.meijigakuin.ac.jp
  3. 3. A few of my many online vocabulary learning projects…
  4. 4. Outline of Presentation(s):  Why focus on Vocabulary?  A quick introduction to corpus linguistics and associated online tools  Introduction to several important word lists  Introduce online tools related to identifying, analyzing and teaching important vocabulary words  Introducing sites that do graded reading and listening in a way that also considers the teaching of vocabulary
  5. 5. Why Focus on Vocabulary?
  6. 6. The seminal work in vocabulary instruction… (2000, Cambridge University Press) (1990, Heinle & Heinle)
  7. 7. 600,000 The largest dictionary of English (the Oxford English Dictionary) contains over 600,000 word families… 3 2 1 of and the
  8. 8. 600,00 0 The number of words we need is actually much less… 580,000 unknown words! 20,000 1 The average college-educated native speaker of English only knows about 20,000 of these words….
  9. 9. 600,000 Average Native Speaker Vocabulary 20,000 5,000 20,000 95% is minimum threshold for comprehension… Knowledge of just the first 5000 most frequent words of English gives an astonishing 95% coverage of all books, magazines and newspapers…
  10. 10. Problem 1: most EFL Learners know far fewer than 5000 words… Country Vocab. Size Hours of Instruction Reference Japan (University) 2000-2200 800-1200 Shillaw (95), Barrow (99) Indonesia (University) 1220 900 Nurweni & Read (99) Oman (University) 2000 1350 Hort et al (98) Israel (HS graduates) 3500 1500 Laufer (98) France (HS students) 1000 400 Arnaud et al (85) Greece (age 15, HS) 1680 660 Milton & Meara (98) Germany (age 15, HS) 1200 400 Milton & Meara (98)
  11. 11. Problem 2: Studying the wrong words… Frequency The Negative Effect of “Test English” in Japan… 600,000 ・ ・ ・ ・ 84,168 ・ exasperate ・ 42,024 digress ・  PROBLEM: Students NEED to learn the first 5000 words of English to use English in the real word… ・ 25,537 ・ abstain ・ 23,371 ・ ・ 14,641 ・ emigrate torment  But entrance exams and school textbooks force students to memorize hundreds of low-frequency words… ・ ・ 5,000 ・ chaos ・ ・ 4,441 ・ ・ ・ 2,566 permission bid ・ HFW ・ 2,289 ・ sum  The same appears to be true for learners from countries all over the world… ・ ・ 3 2 1  RESULT? Students can’t deal with real world English because they don’t know hundreds of the most important high frequency words… ace and of the 11
  12. 12. Solution: Use the science of corpus linguistics to create short lists of words that give learners the maximum amount of coverage… The NGSL’s 2800 words give an amazing 90% coverage!www.newgeneralservicelist.org
  13. 13. OK, so what’s a Corpus?
  14. 14. A more precise definition… A corpus can be defined as a collection of texts assumed to be representative of a given language put together so that it can be used for linguistic analysis. Usually the assumption is that the language stored in a corpus is naturally-occurring, that is gathered according to explicit design criteria, with a specific purpose in mind, and with a claim to represent natural chunks of language selected according to specific typology. Tognini-Bonelli (2001:2)
  15. 15. And a less precise one… A corpus is basically just a huge bunch of texts….
  16. 16. Types of Corpora:  Written vs. Spoken  General vs. Specialized  e.g. ESP, Learner corpora  Monolingual vs. Multilingual  Annotated vs. Unannotated  Synchronic vs. Diachronic
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. One Problem with Corpus and Vocabulary List Development: WYPIIWYGO (????)
  19. 19. A few current Corpus Projects… 1. Business English Word List for NHK TV Show in Japan 2. EnglishCentral (a HUGE video corpus of authentic English) 3. New General Service List (using Cambridge International Corpus) 4. New Academic Word List (using Cambridge International Corpus) 5. TOEIC Vocabulary Study List (using past tests and prep books)
  20. 20. A New General Service List www.newgeneralservicelist.org
  21. 21. Basic Corpus Analysis Tools  A Corpus: a systematic collection of speech or writing that is built according to explicit design criteria for a specific purpose  A Concordancer Tool: search engine (e.g. Tom Cobb’s Concordancer or Laurence Anthony’s tools such as AntConc)  A Concordance: occurrences of search item, displayed in list with immediate context shown 21
  22. 22. OK, so what’s a concordance look like? 22
  23. 23. So how can we use a concordanc e in the classroom? www.lextutor.ca/c oncordancers/
  24. 24. EnglishCentral.com’s Cool Video Concordancer
  25. 25. A typical readout from a Concordancer
  26. 26. Select any word from any video and instantly get multiple contextualized examples of the word in use in authentic videos…
  27. 27. Another Cool Corpus Tool: Tom Cobb’s Keyword Extractor http://www.lextutor.ca/
  28. 28. Key Words identified for Dracula…
  29. 29. How about Word Clouds? www.wordle.net
  30. 30. Free Graded Text Editor & Analysis Tool www.er-central.com/ogte/
  31. 31. Google’s N-Gram Tool TV vs. Radio vs. Magazine vs. Cell Phoneover the past 150 years…
  32. 32. • • • • • • • • British National Corpus BNC Sight Words (Dolche, 1948) GSL (West, 1953) AWL (Coxhead, 2000) New GSL (Browne, Culligan & Phillips, 2013) New ASL (Browne, Culligan & Phillips, 2013) 100 Most Frequent Idioms (based on MICASE Corpus) The Oxford 3000 Word List
  33. 33. Dr. Charles Browne, Professor of TESOL & Applied Linguistics Director, EFL Teacher Education Program Meiji Gakuin University; Tokyo, Japan browne@ltr.meijigakuin.ac.jp

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