Contrast Clauses

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Contrast Clauses

  1. 1. CONTRAST CLAUSES
  2. 2. <ul><li>He is very rich BUT he isn’t happy </li></ul><ul><li>Although he is very rich, he isn’t happy </li></ul><ul><li>In spite of / Despite his money, he isn’t rich </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Kate was ill, she went to school though. </li></ul><ul><li>Maria went to school although she was ill. </li></ul><ul><li>Although she was ill, Maria went to school (anyway). </li></ul><ul><li>Even though she felt ill, Maria went to school. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ALTHOUGH + SUB + VERB <ul><li>Although it snowed heavily, he came to he meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though he is very talented, he isn’t very successful. </li></ul><ul><li>Though he is very talented, he isn’t successful </li></ul><ul><li>He is very talented, (but) he isn’t successful though. [informal] </li></ul>
  5. 5. IN SPITE OF / DESPITE <ul><li>+ -ING </li></ul><ul><li>+ NOUN </li></ul><ul><li>+ THE FACT THAT + SUBJ + VERB </li></ul><ul><li>In spite of living here, … </li></ul><ul><li>In spite of the weather, … </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the fact that it is raining, </li></ul>
  6. 6. In spite of / despite <ul><li>It is raining. Yet, we’ll go on a trip. </li></ul><ul><li>In spite of the rain, we’ll go on a trip. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the rain, we’ll go on a trip </li></ul><ul><li>Karli lives in Calatayud. She never goes to Australia pub. </li></ul><ul><li>In spite of living here, Karli never goes to Australia pub. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Same subject: <ul><li>Despite her illness, Kate went to school. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite being ill, Kate went to school. </li></ul>
  8. 8. different subject <ul><li>Rugby is very violent. Many people in the UK play it. </li></ul><ul><li>In spite of the fact that rugby is very violent, many people in the UK play it. </li></ul><ul><li>(Although rugby is very violent, many people in the UK play it) </li></ul>
  9. 9. HOWEVER (ADVERB)= NEVERTHELESS <ul><li>Kate was ill, however she went to school. </li></ul><ul><li>He has lots of experience, however he did’t get the job. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people are concerned about global warming. However, the governments seem to be doing nothing. </li></ul><ul><li>Salvame is a terrible show. Nevertheless, most people watch it. </li></ul><ul><li>Big Brother has been on TV for years. And yet, many people still follow it. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Whereas, while <ul><li>Whereas prices rose last year, this year they’ve gone down. </li></ul>

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