Romeo and Juliet, Act III


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Romeo and Juliet, Act III

  1. 1. Act III: Banishment Central Issue : romantic love versus family loyalty Theme : love as a brutal emotion, leading to defiance of family, religion, & society
  2. 2. Act III: terms <ul><li>Soliloquy : a speech made to the audience, when a character is alone on stage </li></ul><ul><li>Aside : a remark made to the audience, unheard by the other characters on stage </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: reveal what a character is really like </li></ul>
  3. 3. Act III, scene 1 <ul><li>Mercutio baits Tybalt who’s looking to duel Romeo. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo arrives but will not duel Tybalt because he is now his kinsman through marriage. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I never injured thee, but love thee better than thou canst devise [understand] . . .” (3.1.67-68). </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Act III, scene 1 <ul><li>Tybalt is unaware of the marriage, so he rejects Romeo’s peace offering. </li></ul><ul><li>Mercutio steps in to duel Tybalt. </li></ul><ul><li>As Romeo tries to break up the fight, Tybalt murders Mercutio. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Act III, scene 1 <ul><li>As he is dying, Mercurtio curses both the warring families, offering: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Ask for me tomorrow and you shall find me a grave man” (3.1.96-97). </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Act III, scene 1 <ul><li>Irate that he has allowed his love for Juliet to make him “effeminate,” Romeo savagely avenges Mercutio’s death. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizing what he has done - murdered his wife’s cousin - Romeo blames his actions on fate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I am fortune’s fool” (3.1.134). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Remember his ominous dream?) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Act III, scene 1 <ul><li>The Prince arrives on the bloody scene and banishes Romeo from Verona, a penalty much less severe than he decreed. </li></ul><ul><li>If Romeo is found in the city, he’ll be shot. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Act III, scene 2 <ul><li>Juliet’s soliloquy : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She impatiently awaits Romeo, who will come to her in secret, so they may consummate their marriage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At this point she is not aware of the murder Romeo committed. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Act III, scene 2 <ul><li>Juliet’s nurse relates to her the sad news about Tybalt at the hands of Romeo. </li></ul><ul><li>At first Juliet is angry with Romeo, then elated that he is alive, and finally suicidal because she fears she cannot live without him. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Act III, scene 2 <ul><li>The nurse assures her that Romeo, who is hiding in Friar Lawrence’s cell, will be with her tonight. </li></ul><ul><li>Juliet asks Nurse to take a ring to Romeo, as a symbol of her undying love for him. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notice that Juliet sees no middle ground in her life. She lives with Romeo, or she will take her life. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Act III, scene 3 <ul><li>Friar Lawrence explains to Romeo that the Prince has banished him from Verona for murdering Tybalt, an act of mercy. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo views banishment as a punishment exceedingly worse than death. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Act III, scene 3 <ul><li>Juliet’s nurse arrives at Friar’s cell. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo is so sickened by his actions - murdering Tybalt and destroying his marriage - that he attempts suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Friar scolds him for his rash, weak response, chiding him to stop whining and to act like a man. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Act III, scene 3 <ul><ul><li>Notice that Romeo, too, sees no middle ground in his life. He lives with Juliet, or he will take his life. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Friar reveals his plan to Romeo and Nurse: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Romeo will sneak to Juliet’s room tonight, consummate their marriage, then escape to Mantua, until their marriage can be made public. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nurse gives Romeo the wedding ring from Juliet. His spirits lift. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Act III, scene 4 <ul><li>Lord Capulet asks his wife to let Juliet know that she’ll be marrying Paris on Thursday morning. It’s currently Monday evening. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ironic: On Sunday, Lord Capulet denied Paris’ request to marry Juliet because she was too young. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Act III, scene 5 <ul><li>It is dawn. Romeo and Juliet have spent their first night together as a married couple. </li></ul><ul><li>Juliet is reluctant to let Romeo go to Mantua, teasing him that the dawn’s light is actually the light from a meteor shower lighting the night sky. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Act III, scene 5 <ul><li>Romeo replies, “I must be gone and lives, or stay and die” (3.5.11). </li></ul><ul><li>As he departs Juliet has a premonition, “Methinks I see thee . . . as one dead in the bottom of a tomb” (3.5.55-56). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ironically, this is last time the two will see each other alive. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Act III, scene 5 <ul><li>As Romeo sneaks away, Lady Capulet enters Juliet’s room. </li></ul><ul><li>She brings news that Thursday Paris will make Juliet a joyful bride. </li></ul><ul><li>Juliet rejects this, instead telling her mother that if she marries, it will be Romeo, her enemy, not Paris, she will take for a husband. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Act III, scene 5 <ul><li>Upon hearing this, Lord Capulet swears that if Juliet refuses this secure marriage to Paris: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ . . . you [Juliet] shall not house with me . . . hang, beg, starve in the streets, for, by my soul, I’ll ne’er acknowledge thee” (3.5.190-195). </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Act III, scene 5 <ul><li>Juliet appeals to her mother for help, but Lady Capulet replies, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Do as thou wilt, for I have done with thee” (3.5.205). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Next Juliet appeals to her Nurse, who advises her to take the secure option and marry Paris. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Act III, scene 5 <ul><li>Desperate, Juliet pretends to go to Friar Lawrence to make her confession. </li></ul><ul><li>In her closing soliloquy Juliet reveals her thoughts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She no longer trusts her nurse and will not confide in her again. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She’ll seek advise from Friar Lawrence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If he can not help her, she can always take her life. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Purpose <ul><li>Shakespeare has moved Juliet from childhood into adulthood, both sexually and socially. </li></ul><ul><li>She’s exerting her independence from her nurse and her parents - central issue: romantic love versus family loyalty. </li></ul><ul><li>He reminds his audience of an Elizabethan woman’s dependency on a man for acceptance in society. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Purpose <ul><li>Once again, Shakespeare foreshadows the young couple’s suicides. </li></ul><ul><li>He continues to portray the destruction, pain and death Romeo and Juliet’s impulsive, passionate love has brought, leaving them little joy. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, he has embroiled the teens in adult conflicts without the benefit of compassionate adults to guide them. </li></ul>