223 Romeo & Juliet, Act Iv

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Act IV

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223 Romeo & Juliet, Act Iv

  1. 1. Act IV A Wedding Becomes a Funeral Act IV: A Wedding Becomes a Funeral
  2. 2. Dramatic Irony <ul><li>A contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader or audience knows to be true </li></ul><ul><li>For example: Act III, scene 4: Lord Capulet announces that Juliet will wed Paris on Thursday, unaware that she married Romeo on Monday. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dramatic Irony <ul><li>For example: In Act III, scene 1, Romeo will not duel Tybalt because the two are now kinsmen through marriage. However, Tybalt is unaware of Romeo and Juliet’s secret marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>create suspense & tension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>draw the audience into the action of the story </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Act IV, scene 1: Tuesday <ul><li>Paris confides to Friar Lawrence that Lord Capulet has hastened the wedding date to cheer Juliet, who continues to mourn Tybalt’s death. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(dramatic irony: Why does Juliet weep?) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In an aside , Friar says, “I would I knew not why it should be slowed –” (4.1.16). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Act IV, scene 1: Tuesday <ul><li>Juliet arrives at Friar’s to “make her confession.” </li></ul><ul><li>She and Paris exchange polite but guarded words. </li></ul><ul><li>He promises to wake her Thursday morning, then leaves. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Act IV, scene 1: Tuesday <ul><li>Juliet pleads with Friar for a way out of Thursday’s wedding to Paris. Her desperate plea is laced with threats of suicide: </li></ul><ul><li>“ If in thy wisdom thou canst give no help, do thou but call my resolution wise and with this knife I’ll help it presently” (4.1.52-54). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Act IV, scene 1: Tuesday <ul><li>“ . . . Out of thy long-experienced time, give me some present counsel: or, twixt my extremes and me this bloody knife shall play the umpire . . .” (4.1.60-63). </li></ul><ul><li>“ Be not so long to speak. I long to die . . . (4.1.66). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Act IV, scene 1: Tuesday <ul><li>Juliet’s desperate plea leads to a risky plan: </li></ul><ul><li>Friar Lawrence proposes, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ If rather than to marry County Paris, thou hast the strength of will to slay thyself, then it is likely thou wilt undertake a thing like death to chide away shame . . .” (4.1.71-74). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Do you recall the potion Friar made from the flower in Act II, scene 3?) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Act IV, scene 1: Tuesday <ul><li>Juliet replies morbidly, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ O, bid me leap, rather than marry Paris, from off the battlements of any tower . . . Or bid me go into a new-made grave and hide me with a dead man in his shroud –” (4.1.77-87). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Juliet has no fear. She’ll do whatever it takes to prevent the arranged marriage to Paris. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Act IV, scene 1: Tuesday <ul><li>Friar Lawrence’s Plan: </li></ul><ul><li>Juliet returns home & happily consents to wed Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>Wednesday evening she drinks the potion, which causes her to appear lifeless. </li></ul><ul><li>Paris will arrive Thursday morning to find her dead. </li></ul><ul><li>Her body will be taken to the Capulet vault. </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile Friar will send word of the plan to Romeo in Mantua. </li></ul><ul><li>Friar & Romeo will meet in the vault and await Juliet’s waking. </li></ul><ul><li>Rome & Juliet will escape to Mantua. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Act IV, scene 2: Tuesday <ul><li>Juliet returns home, apologizes to her father and happily agrees to marry Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>She tells her father that Friar Lawrence has set her straight. </li></ul><ul><li>Capulet praises Friar Lawrence for his sage advise and moves the wedding to Wednesday. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(dramatic irony: Friar has advised Juliet to avoid, not enter into, a marriage with Paris.) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Act IV, scene 3: Tuesday <ul><li>Juliet asks for privacy from her mother and Nurse on the eve of her wedding night to atone for her disrespectful behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Lady Capulet and Nurse exit. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Act IV, scene 3: Tuesday <ul><li>Juliet’s soliloquy : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Farewell! God knows when we shall meet again. I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins that almost freezes up the heat of life” (4.3.15-16). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She fears that the potion may be poison. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She fears that she’ll wake before Romeo arrives and suffocate from the stench of Tybalt’s rotting corpse. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She imagines she sees Tybalt’s corpse pursuing Romeo. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Act IV, scene 3: Tuesday <ul><li>Frantic with fear, Juliet drinks the potion. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Act IV, scene 4: Wednesday <ul><li>Capulet household cheerfully bustles with wedding preparations </li></ul><ul><li>Paris arrives to wake his soon-to-be bride. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(dramatic irony: happy household has no idea Juliet is “dead”) </li></ul></ul>Act IV, scene 4
  16. 16. Act IV, scene 5: Wednesday <ul><li>Nurse discovers Juliet’s corpse. </li></ul><ul><li>Lady Capulet’s reaction: “. . . My child, my only life, revive, look up, or I will die with thee” (4.5.20-21). </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Capulet’s reaction: “Death lies on her like an untimely frost upon the sweetest flower of all the field” (4.5.29-30). </li></ul>
  17. 17. Act IV, scene 5: Wednesday <ul><li>Capulet tells Paris of Juliet’s death: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ O son, the night before thy wedding day hath death lain with thy wife. There she lies flower as she was, deflowered by him” (4.5.37-38). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(dramatic irony: Romeo, not Death, deflowered Juliet) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Act IV, scene 5: Wednesday <ul><li>Capulet laments that the wedding celebration has turned into a funeral feast. </li></ul><ul><li>Friar Lawrence blames the Capulets for the death of their daughter: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The heavens do low’r upon you for some ill; move them no more by crossing their high will” (4.5.95-96). </li></ul></ul>

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