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Presentation1

  1. 1. Religion’s Influence on the Environment Hinduism & the Ganges River: Pilgrimage to Spirituality or Pollution
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Ganges is above all the river of India, which has held India's heart captive and drawn uncounted millions to her banks since the dawn of history. </li></ul><ul><li>-Jawaharlal Nehru, </li></ul><ul><li>India’s first Prime Minister </li></ul>
  3. 3. A Place for Spiritual Purity <ul><li>India has 900 million citizens; </li></ul><ul><li>700 million are of </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu belief </li></ul>
  4. 4. A New Problem <ul><li>India’s population has exploded in recent history, causing rapid industrialization and urbanization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 100 cities, towns, and villages rest on the banks of the Ganges </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Few of these fast growing cities have sewage plants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 million to 12 million gallons of raw sewage spill into the Ganges each day </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The World Health Organization claims the coliform bacteria count is some 3,000 times higher than it considers safe. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WHO also says that dirty water is the leading cause for child fatality in India </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Irrigation uses much more of the river’s water due to higher increases for crops and more drinking water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500 million people are dependent on the Ganges for water </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Hindu Belief <ul><li>Distinction between sacred and everyday </li></ul><ul><li>Pure vs. Impure </li></ul><ul><li>Ritual </li></ul><ul><li>Ritual and Salvation </li></ul><ul><li>Caste System </li></ul>
  6. 7. Pilgrimage <ul><li>Tirtha yatra: Journey to a holy place </li></ul><ul><li>Rid of sin or accumulated karma </li></ul><ul><li>Fulfill a vow </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoyment </li></ul><ul><li>Caste restrictions supposedly fall away </li></ul>
  7. 8. Varanasi <ul><li>Steps leading into the Ganges </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrims bathe and bodies cremated </li></ul><ul><li>Attain liberation upon death </li></ul><ul><li>Center of the Cosmos </li></ul><ul><li>The great cremation ground </li></ul>
  8. 9. Ganga action plan <ul><li>Purity vs. Impurity </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism embodies a concern for nature </li></ul>
  9. 10. Hindu Figures <ul><li>Sadhus: holy men </li></ul><ul><li>Boycotted pilgrimage festival </li></ul><ul><li>Purna Kumbh Mela </li></ul><ul><li>70,000 to wash away sins </li></ul>

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