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Nota peta minda tahun 4,5,6 sains

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Nota peta minda tahun 4,5,6 sains

  1. 1. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 1 - SK Permatang Tok Mahat 14300 Nibong Tebal, SPS, Pulau Pinang Name : Class : Teacher : En. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind MapsMind MapsMind MapsMind Maps ScienceScienceScienceScience----018018018018 UPSR 2010UPSR 2010UPSR 2010UPSR 2010 Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 2 - MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPANMENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPANMENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPANMENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 4 ___________
  2. 2. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 3 - Basic Needs of Human Keperluan Asas Manusia Food / Makanan Air / Udara Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat 1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas Water / Air Drinks / Minuman Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Shelter / Tempat perlindungan To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca melampau -sun & rain / matahari dan hujan To breathe / Bernafas Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 4 - Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan Food / Makanan Shelter / Tempat Perlindungan Air / Udara Water / Air To breathe / Bernafas To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger / bahaya - extreme weather / cuaca melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Drinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat 1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas Types / Jenis : - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang ___________
  3. 3. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 5 - Plants Have Basic Needs Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas Air / Udara Sunlight / Cahaya matahari Water / Air With water / Ada air : - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - not wilted / tidak layu Without water / Tanpa air: - wilted / layu - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - die / mati 1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan asas Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 6 - 2.1 Analysing life processes in humans Analisa proses hidup manusia Life Processes of Humans Proses Hidup Dilalui Manusia Respond To Stimuli Bergerak balas Terhadap Ransangan Breathing Pernafasan Reproduce Membiak Organs Organ Inhale – take in air Tarik nafas – ambil udara Exhale – give out air Hembus nafas- keluarkan udara Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs Hidung/Mulut Trakea Paru-paru A process to produce their young or offspring Proses untuk menghasilkan anak Rate of breath Kadar pernafasan Number of chest movement in a period of time Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam sesuatu masa Organs Organ Eyes – Sight Mata - Melihat Nose – Smell Hidung - Menghidu Tongue – Taste Lidah - Merasa Ears – Sound Telinga - Mendengar bunyi Skin – Touch Kulit - Sentuhan Excrete Berkumuh Defecate Bernyahtinja Kidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral ) Faeces Najis Purpose / Tujuan : - avoid danger elak bahaya - avoid getting hurt elak dapat luka - avoid getting injured elak dapat cedera - to survive untuk terus hidup Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral ) ___________
  4. 4. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 7 - 2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses hidup Smoking / Merokok Drinking Alcohol / Minum Alkohol Effects / Kesan - Lung cancer Kanser paru-paru - Coughing Batuk Effects / Kesan - Delay respond to stimuli Lambatkan ransangan terhadap ransangan - Lose ability to walk in straight line Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan lurus - Can cause accidents Menyebabkan kemalangan How to avoid / Bagaimana untuk hindari Participate in a campaign Ambil bahagian dalam kempen Advise from their peers Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya Occupied time with beneficial activities Memenuhi masa dengan aktiviti berfaedah Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup Taking Drug / Mengambil Dadah Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 8 - 2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals Analisa proses hidup haiwan Animals Life Processes/Proses Hidup Haiwan Breathing / Bernafas Excrete / Perkumuhan Reproduce / Membiak Lay Eggs / Bertelur Give Birth / Lahirkan anakOrgans / Organ Lungs/ Paru-paru - monkey monyet - bird burung - whale paus Gills/Insang - fish ikan - prawn udang Lungs- book - crab ketam Moist skin/Kulit lembap - frog katak - earthworm cacing tanah Trachea Structre/Sistem Trakea - insects serangga Defecate / Bernyahtinja To get rid of waste product from their bodies Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari badan cat kucing tiger harimau bat kelawar whale paus butterfly rama-rama bird burung ___________
  5. 5. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 9 - Life processes plants undergo Proses hidup tumbuhan plants respond to stimuli. water, sunlight, touch, gravity. tumbuhan bergerak balas terhadap ransangan air,cahaya matahari,sentuhan,graviti 2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants Memahami proses hidup tumbuhan the part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap graviti roots akar the part of plant that responds to water bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap ransangan the part of plant that responds to sunlight. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap cahaya matahari Permul Akhir plants reproduce. tumbuhan membiak Seeds – balsam, corn, durian Biji benih-keembung, jagung,durian various ways plants reproduce through seeds, spores, suckers, stem cutting, leaves, underground stem. berbagai cara tumbuhan membiak melalui .bji benih, spora, anak pokok,keratan batang, daun, batang bawah tanah the part of plant that responds to touch. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap sentuhan why plants need to reproduce to ensure the survival of the species. mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 10 - Specific characteristics and behaviour Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing ) Thick and hard skin ( rhinoceros ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu ) Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak ) Hard scales ( pangolin, crocodiles ) Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya ) Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) Cengkerang keras ( kura-kura, Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang ) Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang ) Camouflage ( cameleon ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah ) Poisonous sting or fang ( centipede, snake ) Sengat atau taring berbisa ( kala jengking, ular ) Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam ( sotong ) Special characteristics Ciri-ciri khas Special behaviour Tingkah-laku khas 3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from danger Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahaya ___________
  6. 6. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 11 - Specific characteristics and behavior Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas Hot weather Cuaca panas Cold weather Cuaca sejuk Wrinkled Skin (Elephant ,hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Kulit berkedut (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) Wallowing (Elephant, hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Berkubang (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) Humps (Camel) Bonggol (Unta) Thick Fur (Polar bears) Berbulu tebal (Beruang kutub) Fat Layers Under The Skins (Penguins, seals, and whales) Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan paus) Small Ears (Seals and Walruses) Telinga kecil (Anjing laut, singa laut) Hibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi (Beruang kutub) 3.2/3.3 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from extreme weather Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas untuk melindungi diri daripada cuaca melampau Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 12 - The specific characteristics Sifat-sifat khas Have thorns Berduri Poisonous Beracun Have fine hairs Berbulu halus Produces latex Keluarkan getah Close leaflets when touch Daun tertutup bila disentuh 3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemies Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh ___________
  7. 7. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 13 - strong wind angin kuat dry region kawasan kering Eg : cactus kaktus • Long roots to absorb water Akar panjang untuk serap air • Succulent stem can store water Batang menyimpan air • Thorn can can prevent the excessive loss of water Duri yang mencegah kehilangan banyak air . Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree, pokok kelapa, pokok buluh a. Have stems that bend easily Batang yang mudah bengkok b. Have buttress roots Akar banir c. Have separated leaves Daun berbilah-bilah d. Needle- shaped leaves Daun berbentuk jarum Specific characteristics of plants to protect themselves Sifat-sifat khas tumbuhan untuk melindungi diri 3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves f rom dry region and strong wind Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuat Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 14 - The Basic Needs of Human and Animals Keperluan Asas Manusia dan Haiwan One evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelter to search for food, the day started to rain heavily. Cik Ti immediately crawled back to the shelter, a hole near a woody house. Cik Ti was tired. She also felt hungry. She tried to find some food but there was no food left in the hole. “ Oh no… I will die without food.” Said Cik Ti frustrated. Cil Ti moved into the kitchen in that woody house. “ Arghh…… I am hungry!. Cik Ti screamed. “Wow, cheese…. Emmm…. Delicious.” After she had her food, she was thirsty. She saw a cup of water on the table. Cik Ti drank the water. Tap! Tap! Tap! Without her knowing, Mamat was ready to trap her into a plastic bag. He tighten the bag tightly. Help! Help! I can’t breath…… where is the air.” Shouted Cik Ti ….. Her voice slow down time by time. Lastly Cik Ti dead without air….. Suatu petang ketika Cik Ti merangkak di luar rumahnya untuk mencari makanan, tiba-tiba hujan turun dengan lebatnya. Cik Ti bergerak pantas kembali semula ke kediamannya, sebuah lubang di tepi sebuah rumah kayu. Cik Ti penat. Dia mula rasa lapar. Cik Ti cuba mencari makanan tetapi dia tidak menemuinya di lubang itu. “Matilah aku kalau tak ada makanan.” rungut Cik Ti . Cik Ti terus ke dapur rumah itu. “Arghh….. laparnya.” Tiba-tiba Cik Ti menjerit, “wow, keju….. emmm… sedapnya.” Selepas makan Cik Ti terasa dahaga. Dia ternampak secawan air di atas meja tersebut. Cik Ti minum air tersebut dengan gelojohnya. Tap! Tap! Tap! Tanpa disedarinya Mamat telah bersedia untuk menangkap Cik Ti. Cik Ti terperangkap. Mamat memasukkan Cik Ti ke dalam sebuah beg plastic dan mengikat beg itu dengan kuatnya. “ Tolong! Tolong! Aku tak boleh bernafas….. mana udara ni.” Jerit Cik Ti….. Suaranya semakin perlahan...... akhirnya Cik Ti mati tanpa udara..... ___________
  8. 8. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 15 - What Plants eed to Stay Healthy? Thank you for giving me enough water. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya air yang cukup. Saya akan gunakannya untk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you grow healthy soon. Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Thank you for placing me to the direct sunlight. Now I get enough light. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana meletakkan saya di bawah cahaya matahari. Kini saya telah mendapat cahaya yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Thank you for giving me enough fertilizer. Now I can get enough mineral. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya cukup baja. Kini saya telah mendapat baja yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Emmm… I feel fresh. I can breath smoothly. Thank you. Now I can get enough air. I can use it to make my food. Emmm....saya rasa segar. Terima kasih. Kini saya telah mendapat udara yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 16 - EXCRETION PROCESS PROSES PERKUMUHAN No. Bil Organs Diagram Gambarajah Organ Waste Products Bahan Buangan 1. Kidney / Buah Pinggang Urine + water vapour Air Kencing + wap air 2. Lungs/ Paru-Paru Carbon Dioxide + water Vapour Karbon dioksida + wap air 3. Skin/Kulit Sweat + Water Vapour + Mineral salt Peluh + wap air + garam mineral Ureter Kidney ___________
  9. 9. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 17 - Plants Respond To Stimuli Tumbuhan bergerakbalas terhadap ransangan (Pussy Cat Song) Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots what are you see? I want to go down to meet my gravity. Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots why are you here? I’m going down to the soil to absorb water. Oh green shoot, Oh green Shoot what make you bright? I can go up to search for sunlight. The roots respond to water. Akar bergerakbalas terhadap air. The shoot responds to sunlight Pucuk bergerakbalas terhadap cahaya matahari.. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 18 - The Breathing Structure of Animals Gill Insang Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Windpipe Salur Trakea Nose Hidung Lung Paru-paru Moist Skin Kulit Lembab Lung Paru-paru Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Nose Wind Pipe Lungs Hidung Trakea Paru-paru Air Passage Peredaran Udara Lung Paru-paru ___________
  10. 10. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 19 - Animal Defense From extreme weather How I Survived – Long Ears – Desert Fox Small Ears – Cold Region Animals Thick Fat In Tails – Kangaroo Rats Rest – Desert Animals Wallowing In Mud - Rhinoceroses Thick Layers Of Fat – Penguins Thick Furs - Polar Hump - Camels Penguin Kangaroo Rat Camel Unit 3/Lesoon 2 Living in Extreme Danger Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 20 - MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPANMENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPANMENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPANMENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 5 ___________
  11. 11. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 21 - 1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living things Memahami mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup Microorganism Mikroorganisma Bacteria Bakteria Fungi Kulat Protozua Protozoa Virus Virus Cannot see with naked eyes Tidak boleh dilihat dengan mata kasar Grow Membesar Move Bergerak Breathe Bernafas Characteristics Ciri.Ciri Cause the dough rise Menyebabkan adunan tepung menaik. • Rotten oranges/ limau busuk • Mouldy rice / Nasi berkulat Tiny Halus Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 22 - 1.2 Understanding that some microorganism are harmful and some are useful Memahami beberapa mikroorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna Some Organisms Are Harmful And Some Are Useful Beberapa mikoorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna Useful / berguna Harmful / Berbahaya Can cause Boleh Illness Sakit Food Poisoning Keracunan makanan Food Stale Makanan basi Tooth Decay Gigi mereput Prevention Cara mencegah Disease Penyakit Stomach upset Sakit perut Cough batuk Tooth decay Gigi mereput Conjunctivity Sakit mata Washing hand Membasuh tangan Drink boiled water Minum air yang dimasak -Making food/ buat makanan (bread/tapai/tempe/yogurt) ( roti,tapai,tempe, yogurt ) -Making fertilizer/ baja -Making medcine/ ubat Covering mouth & nose when coughing & sneezing Menutup mulut dan hidung apabila batuk dan bersin ___________
  12. 12. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 23 - Survival of Animal Species Kemandirian Spesies Haiwan Examples animals that take care of their eggs and young. Contoh haiwan yang menjaga telur dan anak. HOW ANIMALS TAKE CARE OF THEIR EGGS AND YOUNG. Bagaimana haiwan menjaga telur dan anak mereka . Why animals take care of their eggs and young. Mengapa haiwan melindungi telur dan anaknya Bird - Eggs with shell covering Burung – Telur disaluti oleh cangkerang Frog - Eggs are thick, slimy and having bad smell Katak – Telur tebal,berlendir dan berbau busuk Spider - kept in a bag underneath its body Labah-labah –simpan dalam beg di bawah badan Fish - keep their young in their mouths Ikan - Memasukkan anaknya ke dalam mulut Snake, Tiger - attack in order to protect their eggs Ular,harimau – menyerang untuk menyelamatkan telur Turtle - hide their eggs Penyu – Menyembunyikan telurnya Kangaroo - carry their young in their pouches Kanggaroo – Membawa anaknya di dalam kantung Elephant - stay in herds Gajah - Tinggal dalam kumpulan Importance Kepentingan Shortage of food resource Sumber makanan berkurangan Animals and plants species may face extinction. Spesis haiwan dan tumbuhan akan mengalami kepupusan. bird, spider, fish,snake, burung,labah-labah,ikan,ular turtle, kangroo, elephant penyu,kanggaro,gajah To ensure the survival of their species Memastikan kemandirian spesisnya. 2.1 Understanding that different animals have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species Memahami bahawa haiwan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 24 - Survival of Plant Species Kemandirian spesies tumbuhan Water Air Explosive mechanism Mekanisme letupan Wind Angin Animal haiwan • Light / Ringan • Air Space in the fruits Ruang udara di dalam buah • Not water absorbent Air tidak boleh diserap • Light / Ringan • Small in size / saiz kecil • Winged / berkepak • Dry when ripe Kering apabila masak • Explodes when mature Meletup apabila matang ♣ Brightly coloured Warna yang terang ♣ Edible / Boleh dimakan ♣ Have smells / berbau ♣ Have hook bercangkuk • Coconut / kelapa • Water Lily / Kiambang • Shorea • Angsana • Lalang • Rubber fruit / buah getah • Balsam fruit / keembong • Lady’s finger/ kacang bendi • Rambutan • Mango/ mangga • Love grass / kemuncup Agents of dispersal Agen Special characteristic Ciri-ciri Examples Contoh 2.2 Understanding that different plants have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species Memahami bahawa tumbuhan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya ___________
  13. 13. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 25 - Food Chain Rantai MakananAnimals and the food they eat Haiwan dan makanannya Classify animals Pengkelasan haiwan Producer Pengeluar Consumer Pengguna Construct food chain Membina rantai makanan Green plant obtain energy from the sun to make food. Green Plant as a producer Tumbuhan hijau Memerlukan tenaga daripada Matahari untuk membuat makanan. Tumbuhan adalah pengeluar Herbivore : Animals that eat plants only. e.g.: cow, goat, deer Herbivor Haiwan makan tumbuhan sahaja Cth: lembu,kambing,rusa Carnivore: Animals that eat other animals. e.g.: tiger, lion Karnivor Haiwan yang makan haiwan lain Cth : harimau,singa Omnivore: Animals that eat plants and other animals Omnivor Haiwan makan tumbuhan dan haiwan lain. The food relationship among living things can be shown by a food chain. Hubungan antara makanan dan benda hidup ditunjukkan melalui rantai makanan To construct food chain It must start with plant as a producer. Untuk membina rantai makanan ia bermula daripada tumbuhan sebagai pengeluar. In a food chain the arrow means ‘eaten by’ Dalam rantai makanan anak panah bermaksud dimakan oleh All living things need food to survive.Green plant can make their own food. However animals cannot make their own make their own food. Semua benda hidup perlu makanan untuk hidup. Tumbuhan hijau boleh membuat makanan sendiri. 3.1 Understanding food chains Memahami rantai makanan Animals that eat plant or other animals are called consumers. Haiwan yang makan tumbuhan dipanggil pengguna. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 26 - Synthesizing food chains to construct food web. Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan Food web Siratan makanan What will happen If there is a change in population of a certain species in a food web Apa akan berlaku jika terdapat perubahan spesies dalam rantai makanan Food web of different habitats Siratan makanan daripada berlainan habitat. What will happento a certain species of animals if they eat only one type of food? Apa akan berlaku sebahagian spesis haiwan makan hanya satu jenis makanan sahaja? A change in the population of a certain species will effect the population of other species Perubahan populasi beberapa haiwan memberi kesan kepada populasi haiwan lain. They will face difficulty to survive if the source of food runs out Mereka akan mengalami kesukaran jika sumber makanan kehabisan. 3.2 Synthesizing food chains to construct food web. Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan Paddy field Sawah padi paddy plant tanaman padi caterpillar ulat beluncas birds burung eagles helang snakes ular mice tikus grasshoppers belalang frogs katak Garden Taman spinach bayam grasshopper belalang frog katak bird burung caterpillar ulat beluncas eagle helang snail siput snake ular ___________
  14. 14. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 27 - MICROORGANISMS MIKROORGANISMA One day, while reading a book, Ali comes across one word. The word is “microorganisms”. He doesn’t understand what it is and he ask his mother immediately. (Suatu hari, semasa Ali sedang membaca buku, dia terbaca satu perkataan. Perkataan itu ialah “mikroorganisma”. Dia tidak faham dan terus bertanya kepada ibunya.) Ali : Mother, what is a microorganism? (Ibu, apa itu mikro organisma?) Mother : Microorganism is tiny living things that can only be seen through a microscope. There are four types of microorganisms. (Mikro organisma adalah benda hidup yang sangat halus dan hanya boleh dilihat melalui mikroskop. Terdapat empat jenis mikro organisma.) Ali : What are those? (Apa itu?) Mother : Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi and Virus. (Bakteria, Protozoa, Fungus dan Virus.) Ali : What picture is that, mother? (Gambar apa tu, ibu?) Mother : It is Bacteria. It exists in different shapes, sizes and colours. (Itu ialah Bakteria. Ia wujud dalam berlainan bentu, saiz dan warna.) Ali : That picture is (Gambar itu ) Mother : It is Protozoa. Most of it are found mainly in ponds, lakes and rivers. (Itu ialah Protozoa. Kebanyakkan daripadanya dijumpai di kolam, tasik dan sungai.) Ali : That must be Fungi. Right, mother? (Itu pasti fungus. Betul tak, ibu?) Mother : Yes, it is. I know you have seen it many time on mouldy bread, rotten food, trees and forest floors. (Ya. Ibu tahu kamu selalu lihatnya di atas roti yang berkulat, buah yang reput, pokok-pokok dan lantai hutan.) Ali : And this picture, mother? (Dan gambar itu, ibu?) Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 28 - Mother : It is a virus. Virus is the tiniest microorganism. (Itu ialah Virus. Virus ialah mikro organisma yang paling halus.) Ali : Wow, that’s interesting. Tell me more, mother. (Wow, menariknya. Ceritalah lagi ibu.) Mother : Okay. Yeast is an example of microorganisms. Since Microorganism is a living things, it can breathe, grow and move. (Okay. Yis ialah satu contoh mikro organisma. Memandangkan mikro organisma adalah benda hidup, ia boleh bernafas, membesar dan bergerak.) Ali : Thank you, mother. (Terima kasih, ibu.) ___________
  15. 15. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 29 - HARMFUL Keburukan Form fertilizer Membuat baja Produce antibiotic Menghasilkan antibiotic Chicken pox Campak Mumps Beguk Measles Cacar Conjunctivitis Sakit mata Tooth decay Kerosakan gigi Flu Selsema Food poisoning Keracunan makanan Making tempe Membuat tempe Making cheese Membuat keju USEFUL KEBAIKAN Making tapai Membuat tapai Making yogurt Membuat yogurt THE USEFUL AND THE HARMFUL OF MICROORGANISMS KEBAIKAN DAN KEBURUKAN MIKROORGANISMA Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 30 - We take care of our eggs Kami menjaga telur kami We take care of our youngs Kami menjaga anak kami Frog Katak Penguin Penguin Bird Burung Sea horse Kuda laut Snake Ular Cockroach Lipas Crocodile Buaya Bat Kelawar Dolphin Ikan lumba Cow Lembu Elephant Gajah Tiger Harimau Kangaroo Kangaroo ANIMAL SURVIVAL KEMANDIRIAN HAIWAN ___________
  16. 16. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 31 - AGENT AGEN EXAMPLE CONTOH CHARACTERISTICS CIRI-CIRI Lotus Teratai Coconut Kelapa Pong-pong Pong-pong We dispersed by water because we are light, covered with waxy skin, waterproof, has air spaces and has spongy receptacles. Kami dipencarkan melalui air kerana kami ringan, diselaputi dengan kulit yang berlilin, kalis air dan mempunyai rongga yang berspan. Shorea Meranti Lallang Lallang Angsana Angsana Cotton Kapas We dispersed by wind because we are small, light, dry, have wing-like structure, have hairs and fine hairs. Therefore it is easily carried by wind. Kami dipercarkan melalui angina kerena kami kecil, ringan, kering, mempunyai struktur seperti sayap, ada bulu yang halus. Sebeb itu kami senang dibawa pergi oleh angin. PLANT SURVIVAL KEMANDIRIAN TUMBUHAN WATER AIR WIND ANGIN Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 32 - Mangga Mango Watermelon Tembikai Mimosa Semalu Lovegrass Kemucup We dispersed by animal because we have brightly colour, fleshy, edible and have smells. Our seed is also hard. Kami dipencarkan oleh haiwan kerana kami mempunyai warna yang terang, berisi, boleh dimakan dan mempunyai bau. Biji benih kami juga keras. We are also dispersed by animal because have hooks that can be attached to animals. Kami juga dipencarkan oelah haiwan kerana kami mempunyai cangkuk yang boleh melekat kepada haiwan Flame of forest Semarak api Balsam Keembung Okra Bendi Rubber seed Biji getah We dispersed by explosive mechanism because we dry up when we ripe and burst to push the seeds out from the fruits. Kami dipencarkan melalui mekanisma letupan kerana buah kami menjadi kering apabila masak ranum dan seterusnya meletup dan biji benih kami terpelanting keluar. ANIMAL HAIWAN Explosive Mechanism ___________
  17. 17. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 33 - deer rusa herbivores herbivor rabbits arnab carnivores karnivor Animals such as deer and rabbits get their energy by eating plants. They are called herbivores, which means 'plant eaters.' There are many more herbivores on our planet than carnivores, which are animals that eat meat. Haiwan seperti rusa dan arnab mendapat tenaga dengan memakan tumbuh-tumbuhan. Mereka dikenali sebagai herbivor, yang bermaksud ‘makan tumbuhan.’ Terdapat banyak herbivor daripada karnivor iaitu haiwan yang makan daging di planet kita predators pemangsa hunt memburu prey mangsa top atas lions singa Predators such as wolves and lions are at the top of the food chain. Predators are animals that hunt other animals. The animals that they hunt are called prey. Some animals are both predator and prey. Pemangsa seperti serigala dan singa adalah di bahagian atas rantai makanan. Pemangsa adalah haiwan yang memburu haiwan lain. Haiwan yang diburu dikenali sebagai mangsa. Sesetengah haiwan adalah kedua-duanya; pemangsa dan mangsa. connected berhubung energy tenaga web jaringan more lebih Most animals belong to more than one food chain, which means many food chains are connected together. Many food chains together form a food web. The food web shows how the sun's energy moves from plants to animals to animals. Kebanyakan haiwan mempunyai lebih daripada satu rantai makanan, iaitu banyak rantai makanan dihubung bersama. Rantai makanan berhubung bersama membentuk jaringan makanan. Jaringan makanan menunjukkan bagaimana matahari memindahkan tenaganya kepada tumbuhan dan seterusnya daripada tumbuhan kepada haiwan. bottom bawah trees pokok sun matahari grass rumput chain rantai Plants such as grass and trees are at the bottom of the food chain. Plants get their energy from the sun. Tumbuhan seperti rumput dan pokok adalah di bahagian bawah rantai makanan. Tumbuhan mendapat tenaga daripada matahari. FOOD CHAIN AND FOOD WEB RANTAI MAKANAN DAN JARINGAN MAKANAN Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 34 - MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPANMENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPANMENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPANMENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 6 ___________
  18. 18. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 35 - Group Berkumpulan Solitary Bersendirian Ants, lions Semut, singa Tigers, bears Harimau, beruang To avoid competition for food and space Untuk hindari persaingan mendapatkan makanan dan ruang For safety and food Untuk keselamatan dan makanan Group animals and solitary animals Haiwan berkumpulan dan haiwan 1.1 Understanding that some animals live in group and others live in solitary Memahami bahawa sesetengah haiwan hidup berkumpulan dan selebihnya bersendirian Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 36 - Compete for Bersaing untuk Among animals Antara haiwan Among plants Antara tumbuhan INTERACTION AMONG LIVING THINGS Interaksi antara benda hidup Competition Persaingan Food Makanan Water Air Mate Pasangan Shelter Tempat Space / territory Ruang / kawasan Compete for Bersaing untuk Sunlight Cahaya Water Air Space Ruang Mineral Mineral Intraspecies Intraspesis Interspecies Interpesis Competition between the same species Persaingan di antara spesis yang sama Competition between the different species Persaingan di antara spesis yang berbeza Type Jenis 1.2 Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things Memahami bahawa persaingan membentuk interaksi antara benda hidup ___________
  19. 19. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 37 - Protecting endangered species Melindungi spesis yang terancam Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup 1.3 Understanding the responbility of human beings in protecting endangered species Memahami tanggungjawab manusia untuk melindungi spesis yang terancam Extinct animals Haiwan pupus Dinosours, dodos Dinosur, dodo Endangered animals and plants Haiwan dan tumbuhan yang terancam Orang utan, tiger, Raflesia, pitcher plant Orang utan, harimau, bunga pakma,pokok periuk kera Factors Faktor Illegal or excessive logging Pembalakan haram atau berleluasa Hunting Pemburuan Development Pembangunan Ways to prevent Cara untuk mencegah Campaign Kempen Educating the public Mendidik orang awam Enforcing law Kuat kuasa undang- undang Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 38 - Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup Impact of human activities Kesan daripada aktiviti manusia Destructions of the environment Kemusnahan alam sekitar Erosion Hakisan Landslides Runtuhan Flash floods Banjir kilat Water pollution Pencemaran air Activities Aktiviti Illegal and excessive logging Pembalakan haram dan berleluasa Illegal and excessive hunting Pemburuan haram dan berleluasa Improper management of development Kelemahan pengurusan pembangunan 1.4 Knowing the impact of human activities on environment Memaham kesan daripada aktiviti manusia ke atas alam sekitar Air pollution Pencemaran udara ___________
  20. 20. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 39 - MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGAMENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGAMENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGAMENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 4 Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 40 - 1.7 Standard units Unit seragam 1.5 Mass Berat 1.6 Time Masa 1.2 Area Luas 1.3 Volume Isipadu 1.3 Solid Pepejal 1.4 Liquid Cecair 1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang Measurement Ukuran 1.1 Length Panjang ___________
  21. 21. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 41 - Length Panjang Terminology Istilah -The distance between two points/ place / position Jarak di antara dua titik/tempat/kedudukan Ways to measure Cara menyukat Measuring tape Pita pengukur Cubit Hasta Arm span Depa String Tali Ruler Pembaris Standard Tools Alat seragam Measuring tape Pita pengukur Ruler Pembaris Unit Unit mm mm cm sm m m km km Correct technique Teknik yang betul -The eye must be directly above the end of object Mata mesti tepat pada bahagian bawah hujung benda 1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 42 - 1.2 Area Luas -Area is the amount of space taken up by the surface of an object. Luas ialah jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi pada permukaan sesuatu objek Terminology Istilah -Using square card with a sides of 1 centimetre Menggunakan kad segi empat dengan tepinya 1 sentimeter Standard unit Unit piawai -Square millimetre (mm2 ) Milimeter persegi (mm²) -Square centimetre (cm2 ) Sentimeter persegi (sm²) -Square metre (m2 ) Meter persegi (m²) -Square kilometre (km2 ) Kilometer persegi (km²) 1cm 1cm Different ways to measure area Berbeza cara untuk menyukat luas -Using formula Guna rumus Area = length X width Luas = panjang X lebar 2c m 4c m = 4cm X 2 cm = 8cm2 3cm 3cm - by placing uniform objects such as tiles, books and stamps on the surface of the objects dengan meletakkan objek seperti jubin, buku dan setem pada permukaan objek 1.2 Understanding how to calculate area Memahami cara mengira luas ___________
  22. 22. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 43 - Volume Isipadu Terminology Istilah The amount of space that something takes up Jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi oleh sesuatu 1.3 Solid Pepejal 1.4 Liquid Cecair Formula Rumus Length x width x height Panjang x lebar x tinggi Standard Units Unit seragam Tools Alat Measuring cylinder Silinder penyukat ml, l ml, l Correct technique Teknik yang betul a) taking the reading at the lowest part of the meniscus. mengambil bacaan pada bahagian paling rendah pada meniskus b) eyes must be at the same level as the lowest part of the meniscus mata mesti sama pada aras paling rendah pada meniskus Standard Units Unit piawai mm³, cm³, m³ mm³, sm³, m³ 1.2/1.3 Understanding how measure the volume of solid and liquid Memahami cara mengira isipadu pepejal dan cecair Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 44 - Mass Berat Terminology Istilah -Amount of matter in an object Jumlah benda dalam objek Tools Alat Electronic balance Neraca elektronik Beam balance Neraca palang Kitchen scale Penimbang dapur Bathroom scale Penimbang berat badan Lever balance Neraca tuas Standard unit Unit piawai Mg mg g g kg kg Correct technique Teknik yang betul 1.5 Understanding how measure mass Memahami cara menyukat berat ___________
  23. 23. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 45 - Time Masa Terminology Istilah -Duration between two event Tempoh antara dua ketika Way to measure Cara untuk mengukur -Sundial , sand clock , candle clock -Jam bayang, jam pasir, jam lilin Process that repeats uniformly can be used to measure time Proses yang berulang secara sekata boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa -swinging pendulum ayunan bandul -pulse rate candle denyutan nadi -water dripping titisan air -changing day and night perubahan siang dan malam Tool Alatan Standard unit Unit piawai - Second , minute , hour Saat, minit, jam -Digital clock, watch, wrist watch Jam digital, jam, jam tangan Old clock Jam lama Events can be used measuring time Kejadian boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa 1.6 Understanding how to measure time Memahami cara mengukur masa Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 46 - The Importance of Standard Units Kepentingan unit yang piawai -for accuracy and consistency untuk tepat dan konsisten -easy to communicate and understanding mudah untuk memahami dan berkomunikasi 1.7 Realising importance of using standard units Menyedari kepentingan menggunakan unit yang piawai ___________
  24. 24. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 47 - THE STORY OF TIME CERITA TE TA G MASA Galileo Galilei was the first person to use events that repeat uniformly to measure time such as the pendulum clock. From then onwards, the wall clock and modern clock were invented. Galileo Galilei merupakan orang pertama menggunakan peristiwa yang berulang secara seragam untuk mengukur masa seperti jam bandul. Daripada situ, jam dinding dan jam moden telah dicipta. Sand Clock Sundial Clock Candle Clock Ancient Clocks Wall clock Stop Watch Watch Modern Clock Unit 4/Lesson 1 Measuring Length/Mass Defense Of Plants Unit 4/Lesson 6 Measuring Time Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 48 - MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGAMENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGAMENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGAMENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 5 ___________
  25. 25. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 49 - ENERGY TENAGA INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY Menyiasat Daya dan Tenaga The Uses of Energy Kegunaan Tenaga Why energy is needed? Mengapa tenaga diperlukan - by living things to carry out life processes. Ex : moving, breathing, growing - bergerak,bernafas - membesar The Sources of Energy Sumber-sumber Tenaga -main source of energy sumber utama tenaga - produces light and heat menghasilkan cahaya dan haba -food contains stored energy -mengadungi tenaga tersimpan Sun Matahari - Moving air Udara bergerak -Used to pump water Mengepam air, - to move, boil, melt, or bounce non-living things - menggerakkan ,didih,cair atau melantun benda bukan hidup -wood, coal, petroleum, natural gas -Kayu, petrol,gas asli - moving or falling water produce energy -Air yang bergerak Menghasilkan tenaga Food makanan Wind Angin Fuell Bahan api Batteries Bateri Water air - Device that generated electrical energyfrom chemical energy -Alat yang menghasilkan tenaga elektrik daripada tenaga kimia 1.1 Understanding the uses of energy Menyedari kegunaan tenaga Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 50 - Energy can be transformed from one form to another Tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk kepada bentuk lain. Form of energy Bentuk Tenaga Sound energy Tenaga bunyi Heat energy Tenaga Haba Light energy Tenaga Cahaya Electrical energy Tenaga Elektrik Kinetic energy Tenaga Kinetik Chemical energy Tenaga Kimia Potential energy Tenaga Keupayaan Energy can be transformed Tenaga boleh diubahkan a) lighting a candle/Nyalaan lilin Chemical energy heat energy + light energy Tenaga kimia Tenaga haba + Tenaga Cahaya b) Kicking a ball / Menendang bola Chemical energy kinetic energy heat energy Tenaga kimia Tenaga Kinetik Tenaga haba Example of appliance that make use of energy transformation. Contoh alatan yang menggunakan perubahan tenaga a) Electric iron / Seterika elektrik Electrical energy heat energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga haba b) Radio Electrical energy sound energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi c) Television Electrical energy sound energy + light energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi + tenaga cahaya 1.2 Understanding that energy can be transformed from one form to another Memahami bahawa tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk ke bentuk yang lain ___________
  26. 26. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 51 - Renewable and Non-renewable Energy Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan Tidak boleh diperbaharui Renewable energy Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui Energy that cannot be replaced Tenaga yang tidak boleh diganti Resources – solar, wind ,biomass fuel,water Sumber- Matahari, angin,minyak,air, biomass Non-renewable energy Tenaga yang tidak boleh diperbaharui Energy that be replenished when it is used up Tenaga yang boleh diganti Resources -natural gas,petroleum,coal Sumber – gas asli, petroleum, arang. Use energy wisely Gunakan tenaga dengan bijak How to save energy Bagaimana menjimatkan tenaga Some energy resources cannot be replenished when used up. Sesetengah sumber tenaga tidak boleh diganti bila habis To save cost Menjimatkan kos Avoid wastage Mengelakkan pembaziran Reduce pollution Mengurangkan pencemaran. Turn off the television when no one watching it. Tutup TV jika tidak menonton. Switch off the lights if not in use. Tutup lampu jika tidak mengunakannya. 1.3 Understanding renewable anad renewable energy Memahami tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan tidak boleh diperbaharui Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 52 - Sources Sumber Dry cell Sel Kering Accumulator Sel Basah Dynamo Dinamo Solar cell Tenaga Solar 2.1 Knowing the sources of electricity Mengetahui sumber elektrik ___________
  27. 27. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 53 - Type of circuit Jenis litar Name Nama Symbol Simbol Dry cell Sel Kering Connecting wire Wayar penyambung Switch / Suis Bulb / Mentol Symbol and component Simbol dan komponen Parallel circuit litar selari Series circuit litar bersiri Differences Perbezaan The bulb in the parallel circuit is brighter then the bulb in the series circuit Mentol dalam litar selari lebih terang daripada mentol dalam litar bersiri 2.2 Understanding a series circuit and a parallel circuit Memahami litar bersiri dan litar selari Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 54 - Precautions Langkah keselamatan Danger of mishandling electrical appliances Bahaya kecuaian mengendali peralatan elektrik Fire Api Burn Bakar Electric shock Kejutan elektrik Electrocution Renjatan elektrik Safety precautions to be taken when using appliances Langkah-langkah keselamatan ketika mengunakan peralatan Do not touch electrical appliances with wet hand Jangan sentuh alatan elektrik dengan tangan basah Do not repair electrical appliances on your own Jangan baiki alatan elektrik jika tidak tahu. 2.3 Understanding the safety precautions to be taken when handling electricl appliances Memahami langkah pencegahan yang perlu diambil semasa menggunakan peralatan elektrik ___________
  28. 28. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 55 - 3.1 Understanding that light travels in a straight line Memahami bahawa cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus Light Cahaya Travels in straight line Cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus search light from helicopter cahaya dari helikopter pencari prove bukti the beam of light from motorcycle alur cahaya dari motosikal the beam of light from lighthouse alur cahaya dari rumah api the ray of Sun,passing through a hole in the roof alur cahaya Matahari melalui lubang atap rumah How shadow is formed Bagaimana bayang-bayang terbentuk When light is completely or partially blocked by an opaque object Bila cahaya disekat sepenuhnya atau separuh oleh objek legap Shadow form Objek terbentuk Opaque object Objek legap Light Cahaya Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 56 - Light Cahaya Can be reflected Boleh dipantulkan How ? Bagaimana? Uses of reflection Kegunaan pantulan Side mirror of a car Cermin sisi kereta Periscope Kaleidoscope The light that falls on objects ‘bounces off’ the objects and comes to your eyes Cahaya yang jatuh ke atas objek melantunkannya ke dalam mata mirror/ cermin 3.2 Understanding that light can be reflected Memahami cahaya boleh dipantulkan ___________
  29. 29. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 57 - Heat haba Gain Ditambah Loss Hilang Cooler Sejuk Warmer panas How to measure temperature using the correct technique Bagaimana untuk mengukur suhu menggunakan cara yang betul The effects of heat on matter Kesan haba ke atas bahan Matter expands when heated Bahan mengembang bila dipanaskan Matter contract when cooled Bahan mengecut bila sejuk 4.1 Understanding that temperature in an indicator of degree of hotness Memahami bahawa suhu adalah penunjuk darjah kepanasan Thermometer termometer Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 58 - SUN WIND DRY CELL FUELS FOOD Matahari Angin Sel kering Bahan bakar Makanan Chemical energy light energy + heat energy Tenaga kimia tenaga cahaya tenaga haba Electrical energy light energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga cahaya Electrical energy heat energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga haba Electrical energy sound energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga bunyi Electrical energy kinetic energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga kinetic SOURCES OF ENERGY PUNCA-PUNCA TENAGA FORMS OF ENERGY BENTUK-BENTUK TENAGA ___________
  30. 30. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 59 - DRY CELL ACCUMULATOR DYNAMO SOLAR CELL HYDROELECTRIC Sel kering Dynamo Sel solar Hidroelekrik SERIES CIRCUIT LITAR SESIRI SOURCES OF ELECTRICITY PUNCA-PUNCA ELEKTRIK PARALLEL CIRCUIT LITAR SELARI ELECTRICITY ELEKTRIK Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 60 - ( Song : This old man) Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya Light travels Cahaya boleh gerak Light travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurus Light travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurus Therefore it can form shadow Ia membentuk bayang Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya Light reflects Cahaya boleh pantul Light can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkan Light can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkan Can see image in mirror Boleh lihat dicermin LIGHT CAHAYA ___________
  31. 31. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 61 - MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGAMENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGAMENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGAMENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 6 Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 62 - INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA FORCE DAYA Effects Kesan Concept Konsep A push or a pull Tolak atau tarik Can move a stationary object Boleh gerakkan objek yang pegun Cannot be seen but the effects can be felt Tidak boleh dilihat tetapi boleh dirasa Changes the shapes of an object Mengubah bentuk objek An object become squeezed, stretched, bent, twisted or squashed Objek menjadi kemek, regang, bengkok,berpintal atau penyek Changes the motion of an object Mengubah pergerakan objek Stops a moving object Memberhentikan objek yang bergerak Changes the direction of a moving object Mengubah arah pergerakan objek yang bergerak Makes an object move faster or slower Menggerakkan objek lebih cepat atau perlahan 1.2 Understanding the effect of a force Memahami kesan daya 1.1 Understanding that push and pull are forces Memahami bahawa tolak dan tarik adalah daya ___________
  32. 32. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 63 - FRICTION GESERAN Effects of friction Kesan geseran Produces heat Hasilkan haba Opposes motion Berlawanan gerakan Causes wear and tear Menyebabkan haus dan koyak Slows down and stops a moving object Memperlahankan dan memberhentikan objek yang bergerak Disadvantages Kekurangan Advantages Kelebihan Factors that affect friction Faktor yang menyebabkan geseran Condition of the surface Keadaan permukaan Weight of the object Berat objek Ways to reduce friction Cara kurangkan geseran Use rollers or marbles Guna penggelek atau guli Smoothen surfaces Permukaan licin Use oil, wax, grease, talcum powder, air cushion Guna minyak, pelicin, gris, 1.3 Analysing friction Analisa geseran Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 64 - Movement Pergerakkan Speed Laju Calculation of speed Pengiraan laju How fast an object moves Berapa laju objek bergerak Formula : Rumus Speed = Distance Time Laju = Jarak Masa A faster object travels a longer distance in a given time Objek yang lebih laju melalui jarak yang lebih panjang mengikut masa yang diberi A faster object takes a shorter time to travel a given distance Objek yang laju mengambil masa yang singkat untuk melalui jarak yang diberi Units : ● km/h km/j ● m/s m/s ● cm/s sm/s 2.1 Understanding speed Memahami laju ___________
  33. 33. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 65 - MENYIASAT ALAM BAHANMENYIASAT ALAM BAHANMENYIASAT ALAM BAHANMENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 4 Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 66 - Properties of materials Sifat bahan Insulator Penebat Float on water Terapung atas air Conduct electricity Mengalirkan elektrik metal logam Conduct heat Mengalirkan haba Sink in water Tenggelam dalam air Light to pass through Cahaya boleh melaluinya Can be stretch Boleh diregangkan wood kayu stone batu rubber ring gelang getah glass kaca carbon karbon plastics plastik metal logam wood kayu 1.1 The properties of materials Sifat bahan ___________
  34. 34. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 67 - Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Suggest ways to keep things hot Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda panas Covered with insulators Balut dengan bahan penebat Suggest ways to keep things cold Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda sejuk hot thing benda panas cold thing benda sejuk to prevent heat loss untuk menghalang kehilangan haba prevent from absorbing heat halang daripada serap haba 1.2 Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 68 - Uses of materials based on their properties Penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan transparent lutsinar glass kaca glasses gelas soft lembut wood kayu tissue tisu hard keras metal logam spoon sudu properties sifat materials bahan object objek cheap murah easy to get senang didapati strength kuat good quality kualiti baik 1.3 Synthesising the knowledge about uses of materials based on their properties Sintesis pengetahuan mengenai penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan List of object and materials that they are made of Senarai objek dan bahan yang dibuat daripada Reason why particular materials are used to make an object Keterangan mengapa bahan tertentu digunakan untuk membuat objek ___________
  35. 35. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 69 - Natural materials Bahan semulajadi Man-made materials Bahan buatan wood kayu metal logam rubber getah cotton kapas plastics plastik synthetic cloth kain sintetik glass kaca State that man-made materials comes from natural materials Nyatakan bahan buatan berasal dari bahan semulajadi reducing mengurangkan reusing guna semula recycling kitar semula public transport pengangkutan awam plastic bag beg plastik bottle botol plastics plastik glass kaca The importance of reuse, reduce and recycle of materials Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan 1.4 Knowing the importance of reuse, reduce and recycle Memahami kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 70 - Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegah Different ways to prevent objects from rusting Cara berbeza untuk menghalang objek daripada berkarat Coating with non rusting materials Menyadurkan dengan bahan tidak berkarat *paint cat *oil The necessary to prevent rusting Keperluan mencegah pengaratan *Everlasting Live Tahan lebih lama *Save natural material Selamatkan bahan asal *Save cost Jimat kos *Looking good Mencantikkan *Conclusion; Rusting can be avoided by preventing iron contact with air and water. * Kesimpulan;Pengaratan boleh dihindarkan dengan menghalang ia bertindak balas dengan air dan udara 1.5 Understanding that some materials can rust Memahami sesetengah bahan boleh perkarat ___________
  36. 36. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 71 - Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegah Rusty objects Non rusty objects Objek tidak berkarat Object made of iron and steel Objek yang diperbuat daripada besi Object made of glass, plastic, wood, clay and silk Objek yang diperbuat daripada kaca,plastik, kayu, tanah liat dan sutera *Nail Paku *Spoon Sudu *Knife Pisau *Glass Kaca *Bottle Botol *Cup Cawan 1.6 Understanding the rusting can be prevented Memahami pengaratan boleh dicegah Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 72 - MATERIALS AROU D YOU -The Properties Of Materials- MATERIALS WOOD RUBBER PLASTICGLASSMETALCOTTON -Floats on water -Insulator -Can absorbs water -Insulator -Conducts electricity -Conducts heat -Conductor -Allow light to pass through them -Insulator -Can be stretched -Insulator -Insulator -Terapung di atas air -Penebat -Boleh menyerap air -Penebat -Mengalirkan elektrik -Mengalirkan haba -Konduktor Membenar kan cahaya menembusi nya -Penebat -Boleh diregang -Penebat -Penebat ___________
  37. 37. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 73 - Opaque, Translucent and Tranparent Legap, Lutsinar dan Lutcahaya Wood Door (opaque) Glass Door (Translucent) Clear glass Door (Transparent) I can’t see you. Saya tak nampak awak. I can see you but not clear. Saya nampak awak tapi kurang jelas. I can see you clearly. Saya nampak awak dengan jelas. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 74 - SYNTHETC CLOTH KAIN SINTETIK ATURAL A D MA MADE BAHA SEMULAJADI DA BUATA MA USIA NATURAL MADE MATERIALS BAHA SEMULAJADI MAN-MADE MATERIALS BAHA BUATA MA USIA RUBBER GETAH SILK SUTERA LEATHER KULIT WOOD KAYU METAL LOGAM GLASS KACA COTTON KAPAS CLAY TANAH LIAT FUR BULU PLASTIC PLASTIK NYLON NILON RAYON RAYON ___________
  38. 38. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 75 - MENYIASAT ALAM BAHANMENYIASAT ALAM BAHANMENYIASAT ALAM BAHANMENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 5 Unit 5/Lesson7 Natural and Man made Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 76 - Solid Pepejal Liquid Cecair gas has mass mempunyai berat Properties of solid Sifat-sifat pepejal Properties of liquid Sifat –sifat cecair Properties of gas Sifat-sifat gas fixed volume isipadu tetap fixed shape bentuk tetap has mass mempunyai berat Examples Contoh Water Air Milk Susu Air Udara no permanent shape bentuk tidak tetap fixed volume isipadu tetap Steam wap Wood Kayu Stone batu can't fixed shape Tidak mempunyai bentuk tetap has mass Mempunyai berat Can't fixed volume Isipadu tidak tetap can compressed boleh dimampatkan 1.1 Matter exist in the form of solid, liquid or gas Bahan wujud dalam bentuk pepejal,cecair atau gas Matter Bahan ___________
  39. 39. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 77 - CHANGING STATES OF WATER Perubahan Bentuk Air gas – liquid gas - cecair liquid – gas cecair - gas liquid – gas Cecair - gas solid – liquid Pepejal - cecair Melting Peleburan Boiling Pendidihan Evaporation Penyejatan Condensation Kondensasi Freezing Pembekuan 1.2 Understanding that matter can change from one state to another Memahami bahawa benda boleh berubah bentuk dari satu ke bentuk yang lain Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 78 - TThhee wwaatteerr ccyyccllee.. KKiittaarraann aaiirr CCiirrccuullaattiioonn ooff wwaatteerr iinn tthhee eennvviirroonnmmeenntt.. KKiittaarraann aaiirr ddaallaamm ppeerrsseekkiittaarraann FFoorrmmaattiioonn ooff cclloouuddss aanndd rraaiinn.. PPeemmbbeennttuukkaann aawwaann ddaann hhuujjaann IImmppoorrttaannccee ooff wwaatteerr KKeeppeennttiinnggaann aaiirr.. CChhaannggeess iinn tthhee ssttaatteess ooff mmaatttteerr iinn tthhee wwaatteerr ccyyccllee PPeerruubbaahhaann bbeennttuukk bbaahhaann ddaallaamm kkiittaarraann aaiirr LLiiqquuiidd ttoo ggaass ((eevvaappoorraattiioonn)) CCeeccaaiirr kkeeppaaddaa ggaass (( PPeennyyeejjaattaann )) DDrroopplleettss ooff wwaatteerr wwiillll bbeeccoommee bbiiggggeerr aanndd hheeaavviieerr →→ rain Titisan air menjadi besar dan berat hujan Evaporation Penyejatan Condensation Kondensasi GGaass →→ lliiqquuiidd ((CCoonnddeennssaattiioonn)) GGaass CCeeccaaiirr (( KKoonnddeennssaassii )) 1.3 Understanding the water cycle Memahami kitaran air ___________
  40. 40. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 79 - Importance of water resources. Kepentingan sumber air To prevent living aquatic from being destroyed and undergoing extinction Untuk mengelakkan hidupan air musnah dan mengalami kepupusan Reasons to keep our water resources clean. Sebab untuk mengekalkan sumber air yang bersih To ensure the cleanliness of water supply Memastikan air yang bersih dibekalkan To regulate the formation of clouds and rain Untuk mengekalkan pembentukan awan dan hujan To avoid infected diseases Mengelakkan penyakit berjangkit Ways to keep our water resources clean Cara mengekalkan sumber air bersih Keep the rivers clean Jadikan sungai besih Cleanliness campaign Kempen kebersihan 1.4 Appreciating the importance of water resources Menghargai kepentingan sumber air Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 80 - The properties of acid, alkaline and neutral substances. Ciri-ciri asid , alkali dan bahan nutral Identify the taste of acidic and alkaline food. Mengenal pasti rasa makanan yang berasid dan berakali Identify acidic, alkaline and neutral substances using litmus paper. Mengenal pasti keasidan,alkali dan nutral bahan menggunakan kertas litmus Conclude the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances. Kesimpulan ciri-ciri bahan asid, alkali dan neutral . Changes in colour of litmus papers Menukarkan warna kertas litmus blue to red biru ke merah red to blue merah ke biru no change tidak berubah Bitter Pahit Sour masam Properties of alkali Ciri-ciri alkali Properties of acid Ciri-ciri asid Properties of neutral substances Ciri-ciri bahan neutral Taste bitter & change red litmus paper to blue Rasa pahit dan menukarkan Kertas litmus merah kepada biru Taste sour & change blue litmus paper red Rasa masam dan menukarkan kertas litmus merah Other tastes – no changes in litmus paper Tidak menukarkan warna kertas litmus Acid asid Alkaline alkali neutral neutral 2.1 Understanding the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances Memahami sifat asid, alkali dan bahan neutral ___________
  41. 41. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 81 - STATE OF MATTER KEADAAN BAHAN Ali is eating an ice cream. After a while, the ice cream melt. Melting process changes solid to liquid. Ali sedang makan ais krim. Selepas beberapa ketika, ais krim itu menjadi cair. Proses pencairan menukarkan pepejal kepada cecair. Liquid Solid Abu feels like to drink cold water. He need some ice cubes. He put water in the freezer. Freezing turn solid to solid. Abu ingin minum air sejuk. Dia perlukan ais batu. Dia masukkan air ke dalam peti sejuk. Proses pembekuan menukarkan cecair kepada pepejal. Upin’s mother wants to boil some water. She knows that the water is boiling because it produces steam or water vapour. Boiling changes liquid to gas. Ibu Upin ingin menjerang air. Dia tahu bahawa air itu sudah mendidih kerana terhasilnya wap air atau stim. Pendidihan menukarkan cecair kepada gas. Ipin’s mother hangs clothe on the cloth line. After a while, the cloth dries. This is because evaporation process occurs. Evaporation turn liquid to gas. Ibu Upin menjemur kain di ampaian. Ah Seng forget to drink his ice lemon tea because his mother as him to go to the shop. When he went back, he saw many water droplets on the glass. Condensation turn gas to liquid. Ah Seng terlupa untuk minum airnya kerana ibunya menyuruhnya ke kedai. Setelah pulan, dia dapati banyak titisan air di luar gelas. Kondensasi menukarkan gas kepada cecair. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 82 - I am a droplet of water. Saya setitis air Ouch! Where I am. Wow! It is big. Opss! Mmm cold and fresh. Where am I? Oh, I see, this is a sea my new place. I came from river. Ouch! Di mana saya. Wow! Besarnya. Opss! Mmm sejuk dan segar. Di mana saya? Oh, saya tahu, saya di laut tempat baru untuk saya. Saya datang dari sungai. Arghh! Hot, very hot Oh no! I’m moving up. What happen??? It is very hot. The sun makes me very hot. It evaporate me to the sky. Evaporation change me as a water vapour. Arghh! Panasnya, sangat panas Tidak! Saya sedang bergerak ke atas. Apa dah jadi nih??? Sangat panas. Matahari membuatkan saya panas. Ia menyejat saya ke langit. Penyejatan menukarkan saya menjadi wap air. Oh no! I’m shivering. It cold now. The condensation process turn me into water droplet. Wow! There are many droplets like me. Hey! Lets join together. Lets form cloud. Ahh it is better now. Oh no! Saya sedang menggigil. Ia sejuk sekarang. Proses kondensasi menukar saya menjadi titisan air. Wow! Banyaknya tiisan air macam saya. Hey! Jom bergabung. Jom bentuk awan. Ahh leganya dah jadi awan. Opss! I’m heavy now. Let me out. Ahh! I’m out now as rain. Ouch! I fall down into the river again. My home sweet home. Yea! Opss! Saya semakin berat sekarang. Saya nak keluar. Ahh! Saya dah keluar sebagai hujan sekarang. Ouch! Saya jatuh kembali kedalam sungai. Rumah saya yang dirindui. Yea! ___________
  42. 42. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 83 - Fill in the missing letters. Lengkapkan perkataan dengan huruf yang betul. E _ a _ _ _ a _ _ _ n C _ _ d _ _s _ _ i o _ S __ _ R _ v _ _ C _ _ _ _ Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 84 - MENYIASAT ALAM BAHANMENYIASAT ALAM BAHANMENYIASAT ALAM BAHANMENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 6 ___________
  43. 43. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 85 - FOOD PRESERVATION Pengawetan makanan Food spoilage Kerosakan makanan Characteristics of spoilt food Ciri-ciri makanan yang rosak The conditions for microorganisms to grow Keadaan untuk mikroorganisma membesar Unpleasant smell Bau tidak menyenangkan Unpleasant taste Rasa tidak menyenangkan Changed colour Berubah warna Changed texture Berubah jalinan Mouldy Berkulat Air Udara Water Air Nutrients Zat makanan Suitable temperature Suhu yang sesuai Suitable acidity Keadaan asid yang sesuai 1.1 Understanding food spoilage Memahami kerosakan makanan Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 86 - Food Preservation Pengawetan makanan Drying Pengeringan Fish, prawns, cuttlefish, fruits Ikan, udang, sotong, buah Boiling Pemanasan Cooling Pendinginan Vacuum packing Pembukusan vakum Pickling Penjerukan Freezing Penyejukbekuan Bottling/Canning Pembotolan/pengeti nan Pasteurising Pempausteran Salting Pengasinan Smoking Pengasapan Waxing Pelilinan Vegetables, fruits Sayur, buah Nuts, crackers, powder milk Kacang, biskut, susu tepung Fruits, vegetables Buah, sayur Chicken, meat, prawns, cuttlefish Ayam, daging, udang, sotong Meat, fish, fruits, vegetables Daging, ikan, buah, sayur Milk, juices, ice cream Susu, jus, ais krim Fish, meat, eggs, vegetables, fruits Ikan, daging, telur, sayur, buah Vegetables, fruits Sayur, buah Meat, fish Daging, ikan 1.2 Synthesising the concept of food preservation Sintesis konsep pengawetan makanan Meat ,fish, vegetables daging, ikan, sayur ___________
  44. 44. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 87 - The importance of preserving food Kepentingan pengawetan makanan 1.3 Realising the importance of preserving food Menyedari kepentingan pengawetan makanan Food Preservation Pengawetan makanan To make last longer Tahan lebih lama To make food easily to store Makanan lebih mudah disimpan To reduce wastage food Mengurangkan makanan terbuang Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 88 - Waste Management Pegurusan bahan buangan Plastics, glass, chemical waste, organic waste, metal Plastik, kaca, sisa kimia, sisa organik, logam Homes, factories, agriculture, motor vehicles Rumah, kilang, pertanian, kenderaan bermotor Proper Betul Improper Tidak betul 2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Types of waste Jenis bahan Sources of waste Sumber bahan Ways of disposing waste Cara buang bahan buangan • Dispose of waste in the right place Buang bahan buangan di tempat yang betul • Treat waste before disposing it into the drain Rawat bahan buangan sebelum ia mengalir keluar • Bury waste that can decay in soil Bakar bahan buangan yang boleh reput dalam tanah • Reuse of recycle waste Guna semula bahan kitar semula • Littering Tidak teratur • Open burning Pembakaran terbuka • Release of waste into the rivers Melepaskan bahan buangan ke dalam sungai • Release of smoke into the air Melepaskan asap ke udara ___________
  45. 45. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 89 - Air pollution Pencemaran udara Water pollution Pencemaran air Sickness & diseases Kesakitan & penyakit Damages our lungs, initiates our eyes Merosakkan paru-paru.tidak elok dipandang Thypoid, dengue fever demam denggi Acid rain Hujan asid Flash floods Banjir kilat Can kill plants and erode building Boleh membunuh tumbuhan dan menghakis bangunan Damage property Merosakkan harta Can kill fish and water plants Boleh membunuh ikan dan tumbuhan 2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Harmful effects of improper disposal of waste Kesan buruk daripada pembuangan bahan buangan yang tidak betul Waste that can decay Bahan buangan yang boleh reput Waste that does not decay Bahan buangan yang tidak boleh reput Food, paper, wood Makanan, surat khabar, kayu Plastics, glass, metal Plastik, gelas, logam 2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Advantage : To make the soil fertiile Kelebihan : Untuk menyburkan tanah Disadvantage : Gives out poisonous gases Kelemahan : Mengeluarkan gas beracun Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 90 - MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTAMENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTAMENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTAMENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 4 ___________
  46. 46. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 91 - The solar system Sistem Solar List of constituents Senarai pembentukan List of planets Senarai planet Planets move around the Sun Planet beredar mengelilingi matahari -Nine Planets Sembilan planet -Natural satellites Satelit semulajadi -Meteors Meteor -Comets Komet -Asteroids Asteroid 1.1 Understanding the Solar System Memahami Sistem Solar Mercury – My Utarid Venus – Very Zuhrah Earth – Excellent Bumi Mars – Mother Marikh Jupiter – Just Musytari Saturn – Served Zuhal Uranus– Us Uranus Neptune – Nine Neptun Pluto – Pudding Pluto Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 92 - The relative size and distance between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Saiz dan jarak relatif di antara Bumi, Bulan dan Size of the Sun relative to the size of the Earth. Saiz Matahari relatif saiz Bumi Size of the Earth relative to the size of the Moon. Saiz Bumi relatif saiz Bulan The relative distance from the Earth to the Sun compared to the relative distance from the Earth to the Moon. Jarak relatif dari Bumi ke Matahari berbanding jarak relative dari Bumi ke Bulan the Sun Matahari 1 the Earth Bumi 100 the Earth Bumi 1 the Moon Bulan 4 the Sun Matahari the Earth Bumi the Moon Bulan 150 000 000 km 382 500 km 1 : 400 1.2 Understanding the relative size and distance between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami perbandingan saiz dan jarak antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari ___________
  47. 47. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 93 - Earth in the Solar System Bumi dalam Sistem Solar Why certain planets are not conducive for living things. Mengapa sesetengah planet tidak sesuai untuk benda hidup Effect Kesan The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has living things. Hanya planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar yang mempunyai benda hidup •The nearer a planet to the Sun is, the hotter is the surface of the planet. Planet yang dekat dengan matahari mempunyai permukaan yang paling panas •The farther a planet from the Sun is, the colder is the surface of the planet. Planet yang paling jauh dari matahari mempunyai perrmukaan yang paling sejuk. Do not have enough air and water. Tidak mempunyai air dan udara yang mencukupi Much nearer : Lebih dekat •The temperature on the Earth would rise. Suhu di bumi akan meningkat •Water on Earth would evaporate. Air di bumi akan tersejat •No water and the temperature would be very hot. Tiada air, suhu akan jadi lebih panas. Much farther : Lebih jauh •The temperature on the Earth would drop. Suhu di bumi akan menurun •Water would freeze into ice. Air akan membeku menjadi ais. •All living things would die. Semua benda hidup aka mati. • Earth is the third planet from the Sun, it receives enough light and heat from the Sun. Bumi adalah planet ketuga dari matahari, ia menerima cahaya dan haba secukupnya • It is not too hot or too cold. Ia tidak terlalu sejuk atau panas. • The atmosphere of the Earth contains air and there is water on Earth. Atmosfera bumi mengandungi udara dan air di bumi 1.3 Appreciating the perfect placement of the planet Earth in the Solar System Menghargai kedudukan yang sempurna planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 94 - OUR SOLAR SYSTEM SISTEM SOLAR KITA MERCURY MAKAN VENUS VITAMIN EARTH E MARS MULUT JUPITER JADI SATURN SENGET URANUS URAT NEPTUNE AK PLUTO PUTUS The nine planets from the sun. 9 Planet daripada Matahari. MY VERY EASY METHOD JUST STOP USING NINE PLANET ___________
  48. 48. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 95 - MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTAMENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTAMENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTAMENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 5 Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 96 - Indicates Seasons Menunjukkan musim A group of stars that form a certain pattern in the sky Gugusan bintang-bintang di langit yang membentuk corak tertentu Importance of Constellation Kepentingan buruj Identify Constellation Kenal pasti buruj What constellation is Apa itu buruj Constellation Buruj Big dipper Biduk Scorpion Skorpio Orion Belantik Southern Cross Pari North Utara North Utara South Selatan April – June Kite or Cross Layang-layang atau Palang Scorpion Kala jengking Hunter Pemburu Water dipper Gayung South Selatan December - January June - August Planting Musim menanam Harvesting Musim menuai Desert Padang pasir Sea Laut 1.1 Understanding the constellation Memahami buruj Show Directions Menunjukkan arah ___________
  49. 49. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 97 - The movements of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Pergerakan Bumi,Bulan dan Matahari Earth rotates on it axis Bumi berputar pada paksinya Earth rotates and at the same time moves around the sun Bumi berputar dan pada masa yang sama bergerak mengelilingi matahari Moon rotates on it axis Bulan berputar pada paksinya Moon rotates and at the same time moves around the Earth Bulan berputar dan pada masa yang sama beredar mengeliligi Mathari The Moon and the Earth move round the Sun at the same time Bulan dan Bumi bergerak mengeliligi Matahari pada masa yang sama The earth rotates on its axis from west to east Bumi berputar pada paksinya The changes in length and position of the shadow throughout the day Perubahan panjang dan kedudukan bayang-bayang sepanjang hari 2.1 Understanding the movement of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami pergerakan Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 98 - The occurrence of day and night Kejadian siang dan malam It is day time for the part of the Earth facing the Sun. Pada waktu siang sebahagian Bumi menghadap Matahari At night part of Earth do not face Sun. Pada waktu malam sebahagian Bumi tidak menghadap matahari Day and night occur due to the rotation of the Earth on its axis. Kejadian siang dan malam berlaku kerana putaran Bumi pada paksinya. the Sun Matahari NNiigghhtt--ttiimmee WWaakkttuu mmaallaamm DDaayyttiimmee WWaakkttuu ssiiaanngg AAxxiiss PPaakkssii WWeesstt BBaarraatt EEaasstt TTiimmuurr 2.1 Understanding the occurrence o day and night Memahami kejadian siang dan malam the Earth Bumi ___________
  50. 50. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 99 - Phases Of The Moon Fasa-fasa Bulan The Moon Does Not Emit Light Bulan tidak mengeluarkan cahaya The Moon appear bright when it reflect sunlight Bulan jadi terang akibat pantulan cahaya matahari. Describe the phases of the moon Menerangkan fasa-fasa bulan 1-New moon, 3- New half moon, 5- Full moon 1- Anak Bulan 3, Bulan separa baru 5. – Bulan penuh 7- Old half moon Bulan separa lama 2.3 Understanding the phases of tne Moon Memahami fasa bulan Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 100 - MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTAMENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTAMENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTAMENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 6 ___________
  51. 51. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 101 - Eclipse of The Moon Gerhana bulan Eclipse of The Sun Gerhana matahari Eclipse Gerhana The Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and the three of them lie in a straight line. Bumi berada di antara Matahari dan Bulan dan ketiga-tiganya berada dalam satu garis yang lurus The Moon is between the Sun and the Earth and the three of them lie in a straight line. Bulan berada di antara Matahari dan Bumi dan ketiga-tiganya berada dalam satu garis yang lurus The Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the Moon Bumi menghalang cahaya Matahari daripada sampai ke Bulan The Moon looks reddish, dark gray or brown Bulan kelihatan kemerahan, kelabu atau perang Sunlight is blocked by the Moon Cahaya Matahari dihalang oleh bulan The Moon shadow falls on the Earth surface Bayang- bayang Bulan jatuh ke atas permukaan Bumi Daylight becomes dark during the total eclipse Hari siang menjadi gelap menjelang gerhana penuh 1.1 Understanding the eclipse of the moon Memahami gerhana bulan 1.2 Understanding the eclipse of the sun Memahami gerhana matahari Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 102 - MENYIASATMENYIASATMENYIASATMENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGIDUNIA TEKNOLOGIDUNIA TEKNOLOGIDUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 4 ___________
  52. 52. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 103 - Importance of technology in everyday life Kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian Examples of human limitations are Contoh had keupayaan manusia • Unable to see fine objects Tidak boleh melihat objek yang kecil •Unable to speak loud Tidak boleh bercakap dengan kuat •Unable to walk for long distance Tidak boleh berjalan jauh •Unable to see far away objects Tidak boleh melihat objek yang jauh Microscope Mikroskop - The usage of lens to see fine features of objects and microbes Penggunaan kanta untuk melihat benda dan mikrob yang halus Microphone Mikrofon -To increase the voice volume Untuk meninggikan suara Telephone Telefon -To communicate from long distance Untuk berkomunikasi dari jarak yang jauh Bicycle, motorcycle, airplanes Basikal,motosikal , kapal terbang -Can travel long distance in a shorter time Boleh pergi ke tempat jauh dalam masa yang singkat Telescope, binocular Teleskop, binokular -To see far away objects Untuk melihat objek yang jauh Limitation of human ability Had keupayaan manusia Devices to overcome human limitation Alat mengatsai had keupayaan manusia 1.1 Understanding the importance of technology in everyday life Memahami kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 104 - Development Of Technology Pembangunan teknologi Examples Contoh Technology Teknologi 1.2 Understanding the development of technology Memahami pembangunan teknologi Agriculture Pertanian e.g.: hoe plough tractor combine harvester Lubang bajak traktor mesin penuai Transportation Pengangkutan Land:/ Darat Animal bicycle car train Haiwan basikal kereta kereta api Air:/Udara Hot air balloon airship glider aeroplane Belon panas kapal udara glider kapal terbang Water:/Air Canoe raft sampan ferry ship Kenu rakit sampan feri kapal Construction Pembinaan Cave hut wooden house apartment Gua pondok rumah kayu rumah pangsa Communication Komunikasi Drawing carrier pigeon telephone Lukisan pembawa utusan telefon ___________
  53. 53. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 105 - Problems they encounter in their daily life Masalah yang dihadapi dalam kehidupan sehari Ideas to solve the problems identified Idea untuk menyelesaikan masalah dikenal pasti Technology solve problems Teknologi menyelesaikan masalah Cannot move and lift heavy thing Tidak boleh beregerak dan angkat benda berat Cannot move farther Tidak boleh bergerak jauh Sketch the model Lakar model Brain storming Mencari idea Wheel barrow Kereta sorong 1.3 Synthesising how technology can be used to solve problem Sintesis bagaimana teknologi boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah Device to solve the problem identified. Alat untuk menyelesaikan masalah dikenalpasti Lever Tuas Demonstrate that device invented can be used to solve the problem identified Demontrasi bahawa alat yang dicipta boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah yang dikenal pasti Wheel barrow – can move heavy thing easily Kereta sorong-boleh mengangkat benda berat dengan senang Pulley – can lift everything Takal – boleh mengangkat apa sahaja Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 106 - Advantages of Technology Kelebihan teknologi Disadvantages of Technology Kelemahan teknologi •Communication Komunikasi Enable human to learn more about things happening around the world Membolehkan manusia mengetahui benda yang berlaku di seluruh dunia •Transportation Pengangkutan Enable human to travel far away places in shorter time Membolehkan manusia pergi ke tempat jauh dalam masa yang singkat •Agriculture Pertanian Machines make it easier to plants and harvest their crops Mesin memudahkan untuk menanam dan menuai •Construction Pembinaan Roads, highways, bridges and building is easier and faster to build Memudahkan pembinaan jalan, lebuh raya,jambatan dan bangunan Environmental pollution from increase in waste materials Pencemaran alam daripada penambahan sisa buangan Environmental destruction result from excessive usage of natural resources Kemusnahan alam kesan daripada penggunaan sumber semulajadi yang berleluasa Social problem Masalah sosial Bad effects on health result from environmental pollution and excessive use of chemicals Kesan buruk kepada kesihatan kesa daripada pencemaran sekitar dan penggunaan bahan kimia secara berleluasa 1.4 Analysing that technology can benefit mankind if used misely Analisa bahawa teknologi memberi manfaat jika digunakan secara bijaksana ___________
  54. 54. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 107 - HUMAN LIMITATIONS AND WAYS TO OVERCOME KETIDAKUPAYAAN MANUSIA DAN CARA MENTASAINYA Use the phone Use the car Use the aeroplane Use the computer We can’t fly. Kami tak boleh terbang. Can we save the data? Boleh tak kita simpan data ini? I can’t walk, anymore. Saya tak boleh berjalan lagi. I can’t hear you. Saya tak dengar awak HOW TO OVERCOME THE PROBLEM? Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 108 - MENYIASATMENYIASATMENYIASATMENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGIDUNIA TEKNOLOGIDUNIA TEKNOLOGIDUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 5 ___________
  55. 55. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 109 - The shape of objects Bentuk-bentuk benda Identify shape in structure Mengenal pasti bentuk di dalam struktur Cuboid Kuboid Cube Kiub Cylinder Silinder Sphere Sfera Cone Kon Pyramid Piramid Sphere sfera Cylinder Silinder 1.1 Knowing the shapes of objects in structures. Mengetahui bentuk objek di dalam struktur Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 110 - Strength and Stability Kekuatan dan Kestabilan Shapes of objects that are stable Bentuk benda yang stabil The factors that affect stability of objects Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan kestabilan objek The factors that affect the strength of a structure Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan sesuatu struktur Cube, cone, cylinder Kiub.kon,silinder Height , base area Ketinggian , luas tapak Bigger base area more stable Semakin luas tapak bertambah kestabilan Smaller base area less stable Semakin kecil luas tapak kurang kestabilan Lower object more stable Semakin rendah objek bertambah kestabilan Higher object less stable Tinggi objek kurang kestabilan 1.2 Understanding the strength and stability of a structure. Memahami kekuatan dan kestabilan struktur. Types of materials used Steel, iron, wood Jenis bahan yang digunakan Keluli, besi, kayu ___________
  56. 56. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 111 - MENYIASATMENYIASATMENYIASATMENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGIDUNIA TEKNOLOGIDUNIA TEKNOLOGIDUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 6 Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 112 - MACHINES Mesin To carry or move heavy objects easily Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan mudah To cut or separate objects Untuk memotong atau mengasing objek To lift heavy objects easier Untuk mengangkat objek dengan mudah To fix two objects together Untuk mengetatkan dua benda bersama To move objects easily Untuk menggerakkan objek dengan mudah To carry or move heavy objects easily Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan mudah To carry or to lift objects to higher place Untuk membawa atau mengangkat objek ke tempat tinggi Simple machines Mesin ringkas Lever Tuas Wheel and axle Roda dan gandar Pulley Takal Wedge Baji Inclined plane Satah condong Screw Skru Gear Gear 1.1 Understanding simple machines Memahami mesin ringkas ___________
  57. 57. Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 113 - Machine make life easier Mesin membuat kehidupan lebih mudah Made up of more than one simple machine Terdiri lebih dari satu mesin ringkas Crane, lift Kren, lif Aeroplane, bus Kapal terbang, bas Computer, satelite Komputer, satelit Tractor Trektar e.g Wheelbarrow, bicycle, a pair of scissors, fishing rod Kereta sorong. basikal, gunting, rod pancing To carry, move or lift heavy things more easily Untuk membawa atau mengangkat benda dengan mudah To travel from one place to another Untuk pergi dari satu tempat ke tempat yang lain To make work faster Untuk membuat kerja lebih cepat To make communication with people faster and easier Untuk berkomunikasi dengan manusia lebih cepat dan mudah To treat diseases Untuk mengesan penyakit Dialysis machine Mesin dialisis Complex Machine Mesin kompleks 1.2 Analysing a complex machines Analisa mesin yang kompleks 1.3 Appreciating the invention of machines that make life easier Menghargai mesin yang dicipta membuatkan hidup menjadi senang Zazolnizam Bin Zakaria Mind Maps – Science SK Permatang Tok Mahat-Edited from Modul Sinar - 114 - Catatan : ___________

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