Bridges In Pakistan

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Bridges In Pakistan

  1. 1. Submitted To: Ma’am Hafsa Karamat Submitted by: Huzaifa Shafiq (797) Muhammad Abdullah Ijaz (798)
  2. 2. Topic Bridges
  3. 3. Definition A structure spanning and providing passage over a gap or barrier, such as a river or roadway. Purpose of Bridge Many people need bridges to arrive to their work, schools, training or just visit to their family. For that reason architects and engineers are making bridges to satisfied those needs.
  4. 4. Types Of Bridges Beam bridges Truss bridges Cantilever bridges Arch bridges Suspension bridges Double-decked bridges
  5. 5. Beam Bridge Beam bridges are horizontal beams supported at each end by substructure units. And beams are connected across two or more spans. When there are multiple spans, the intermediate supports are known as piers.
  6. 6. Truss bridges A Truss bridge is a bridge whose load bearing superstructure is composed of a truss. This truss is a structure of connected elements forming triangular units.
  7. 7. Cantilever bridges Cantilever bridges are built using cantilevers horizontal beams supported on only one end.
  8. 8. Arch bridges Arch bridges have abu tments at each end. The weight of the bridge is thrust into the abutments at either side.
  9. 9. Suspension bridges Suspension bridges are suspended from cables.
  10. 10. Double-decked bridges Double-decker bridges have two levels, such as a Double Decker Bridge in Hong Kong have six lanes on their upper decks, and on their lower decks there are two lanes and a pair of tracks for MTR metro trains
  11. 11. Parts Of Bridge • • • • • • • Piles Pile Cap Pier Transom (Pier Cap) Girder Abutment Deck Slab
  12. 12. Piles A special type of foundation that enables a structure to be supported by a layer of soil found at any depth below the ground surface.
  13. 13. Pile Cap A pile cap is a thick concrete mat that rests on concrete that have been driven into soft or unstable ground to provide a suitable stable foundation.
  14. 14. Pier A Pier, is an upright support for a structure or superstructure such as an arch or bridge. Pier
  15. 15. Transom (Pier Cap) A transom is the term given to a transverse horizontal structural beam or bar on Pier Of Bridge. Transom
  16. 16. Girder A girder is a support beam used in construction. Girde rs often have an Ibeam cross section for strength.
  17. 17. After Placing Girders Our Bridge Look Like Girder Transom Pier
  18. 18. Abutment An abutment is, gene rally, the point where two structures or objects meet. This word comes from the verb abut, which means adjoin Abutment
  19. 19. Deck Slab A flat, reinforcedconcrete structural member, relatively sizable in length and width, but shallow in depth; used for floors, roofs, and bridge decks.
  20. 20. Our Newly Build Flyovers In Pakistan
  21. 21. Muslim Town Flyover Lahore
  22. 22. Kalma Chock Flyover Lahore
  23. 23. FLYOVER COVERING JUNCTION OF RAWAL ROAD & CHANDNI CHOWK RAWALPINDI
  24. 24. Bridge in Swat, Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al
  25. 25. Longest Bridge In Pakistan Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) Approx. 25 Km Bridge is Under Construction and Complete in June,2013 Insh Allah.

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