Renewable in Europe

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Renewables in Europe: Where we are and where we are heading - Rainer Hinrichs-Rahlwes, EREF-President

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Renewable in Europe

  1. 1. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Renewables in Europe: Where we are and where we are heading Rainer Hinrichs-Rahlwes, EREF-President Budapest – March 27, 2014 Amstad Global's Project Finance in Renewable Energy
  2. 2. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation 2  Federation of associations from EU Member States, working in the sector of energy produced from renewable sources  Voice of Independent Producers of Energy from Renewables  Promoting non-discriminatory access to the energy market About EREF
  3. 3. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Status: Today
  4. 4. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation 4 •Renewables are reliable technologies against Climate Change  RES are (nearly) carbon free or carbon neutral •Provide significant contribution to Security of Energy Supply  Wide range of RE technologies are proven and mature  A mix of different technologies and resources is available •Renewables reduce Dependency on Energy Imports  RES are domestic energy sources •Renewables mitigate the risks of Price Volatility of Fossil Fuels  RE-technologies have high cost decreases  Wind, solar and geothermal energy are free Renewable Energies are mature ...
  5. 5. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Moving towards 2020
  6. 6. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation EU on track to 20% Renewables? 6 Source: Eurostat
  7. 7. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation RES in 2012 and 2020-targets 7 Source: Eurostat
  8. 8. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Progress towards 2020 RES-targets 8Source: Eurostat
  9. 9. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation 2010-2011 Growth Rates vs. AAGR required to meet 2020 ambitions -4.00 -2.00 0.00 2.00 4.00 6.00 8.00 10.00 Transport Electricity Heat overall “Current policies being insufficient to trigger the required renewable energy deployment in a majority of Member States.” (COM 2013 175 final) “In the heating & cooling sector in particular, it seems significant improvements in the policy framework are needed.” (COM SWD 2013 102 final)
  10. 10. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation The 2030 challenge
  11. 11. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Europe is falling back Global uptake of policies for renewables and considerable growth outside Europe: decreasing European share in growing global market Lack of policy certainty in Europe (policy changes in MS and ongoing uncertainty about post-2020) Stable and reliable integrated climate and energy framework for 2030 needed – including ambitious and binding targets for GHG-emissions reduction, energy efficiency and renewable energy.
  12. 12. Growing the economy Economic activity valued €137 billion
  13. 13. Creating Jobs
  14. 14. Replacing fossil fuel imports  550 Mtoe by 2030 (€350 billion)  equivalent to consumption of Belgium, Germany, Latvia, Poland, the UK and Spain RES technology export instead of fossil fuel imports
  15. 15. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Growing sector and growing industry but crisis has an impact  Benefits for economy and environment but debates on cost and prices  RED: Stable framework for solid growth but policy changes, partly retrospective  Milestone 2030: the missing link but extremely unambitious CEF 2030
  16. 16. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation The Commission’s Proposal: CEF 2030 GHG-reduction-target 2030: 40% (“domestic”) “binding” EU-RES-target: 27% - no national targets “ambitious policies” for energy efficiency – no target  minus 600,000 jobs  minus €258/358 billion of savings from fossil fuel imports compared to RES 30/35%-target Source: European Commission - Impact Assessment
  17. 17. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Facts: Historic and projected growth 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 BAU Roadmap 2050 (%) Continued 2010-2020 growth post-2020 (%) Energy Roadmap 2050 (COM): BAU  25% RE in 2030 Continued growth after 2020: 40% RE in 2030 Target 27% in 2030?
  18. 18. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation CEF 2030: averting investment Maintaining investors’ uncertainty in RE and EE * no clear direction provided by GHG-target and RES EU-target only Shifting towards “other low carbon” technologies * “flexibility for member states” leads to increasing costs (for nuclear and CCS) instead of decreasing costs (renewables and efficiency) * weakening most promising and mature GHG-reduction technologies Labelling: BAU = ambitious: 45% - 40% - 35% - 30% - 27% * 21% “expected” in 2020 (but: national policy changes – incl. retroactive) * plus 6% in 10 years: no incentives for enabling policies Undermining successful policies at MS-level * binding national targets needed for policy certainty and subsidiarity principle
  19. 19. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Steering in the wrong direction CEF 2030: 27% RES  less growth  fewer jobs  more import spending
  20. 20. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Curing the deficits  new commitment and strong policies needed Completing Internal Energy Market including fair access for independent and new market players Enhancing energy infrastructure (TSO & DSO) Convergence of national RES-support policies Effective carbon pricing: ETS-relaunch (and tax) Phasing-out conventional and nuclear subsidies Developing flexibility-driven energy market design An integrated CEF 2030 with mutually reinforcing binding and ambitious targets for GHG-reduction, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy  EU-targets and binding national targets
  21. 21. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Environmental and Energy Aid Guidelines (EEAG 2014-2020)  Part of State Aid Modernisation (SAM) College Decision envisaged for April 9, 2014 Replacing Environmental State Aid Guidelines  Guidelines: Facilitating implementation of legislation  Highly problematic prescriptions for renewables support  Competitive bidding as a rule  Mandatory direct marketing (support: premium or TGC)  Exceptions for small installations (<500/1000 kW – Wind: <3/6 turbines/MW)
  22. 22. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Impact of (draft) EEAG 2014-2020  Partly in conflict with existing legislation (RED, TFEU)  Member States’ control of targets and support schemes  Discriminating against biomass (simple exclusion from bidding)  Member States’ control of their energy mix  Imposing competitive bidding as a rule for RES-support  Exceptions only for a transition period and with clear reasons FIT and FIP without prior bidding only exceptionally allowed  Pre-empting policy decisions yet to be taken  CEF 2030, targets and instruments subject to ongoing legislation
  23. 23. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation The future: 2050
  24. 24. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation (April 2010) 100% RES in Final Energy consumption € 2.7 billion cumulative investment
  25. 25. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation 100% RES-E 100% RES-H&Calmost 100% RES-T
  26. 26. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation
  27. 27. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation
  28. 28. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation High RES in EC-“Energy Roadmap 2050” Source: European Commission, Energy Roadmap 2050, Graph: EREC
  29. 29. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 Reference 18.7 33.3 40.5 40.9 40.3 CPI 19.8 34.5 43.7 47 48.8 Energy Efficiency 19.7 36.8 52.9 59.5 64.2 Diversified supply technologies 19.7 36.6 51.2 54.4 59.1 High RES 19.8 36.6 59.8 76.8 86.4 Delayed CCS 19.7 36.5 51.7 58.3 60.7 Low Nuclear 19.7 36.4 54.6 58.8 64.8 0 20 40 60 80 100 % Share of RES-E Dominant RE-Shares in electricity sector
  30. 30. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Enabling Policy Measures Supporting the transition towards a fully sustainable renewables based energy supply in all EU policy areas Completing the Internal Energy Market Ambitious framework for Europe’s energy demand Effective and full implementation of the RES-Directive Phasing out all subsidies for fossil and nuclear energy (and establish a meaningful carbon price – e.g. re-launching ETS) Binding renewable energy targets for 2030 in CEF 2030
  31. 31. E R E F European Renewable Energies Federation Thank you for your attention! Rainer Hinrichs-Rahlwes - EREF-President-

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