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Bhutan Country Presentation at ACEF 2014


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Bhutan's country presentation at the Sustainable Energy for All investor forum

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Bhutan Country Presentation at ACEF 2014

  1. 1. Overview Institutional Arrangement of Energy Sector Energy Access Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency SE4ALL Initiatives & Findings of RA/GA report Challenges
  2. 2. Institutional Arrangements Ministry of Economic Affairs is the lead agency for Energy with Five Departments to overlook the energy sector: DRE, DoHPS, DHMS, DOT and DGM Two Power Companies- DGPC and BPC Independent Regulator- BEA Existing Energy Related Policies: Electricity Act of Bhutan, 2001 Economic Development Policy of the Kingdom of Bhutan, 2010 Sustainable Hydropower Development Policy 2008 Alternative Renewable Energy Policy 2013 Foreign Direct Investment Policy, 2010
  3. 3. Goal 1: Universal Energy Access • Total Energy Consumption in Bhutan = 326,687 MTOE (Metric Tons of Oil Equivalent)- Bhutan Energy Efficiency Baseline Study 2012 • Electrical Energy Consumption – 139,315 MTOE (1620 GWh), 57.4% • Thermal Energy Consumption – 187,372 MTOE ( fossil fuels and biomass) • Industry consumes 33.9% of the total energy of the country • 99% hydropower driven and diversification is essential to ensure security of supply 98% of rural populace has access to clean and modern energy
  4. 4. Goal 2: Energy Efficiency No legal frameworks to address Energy Efficiency (EE) Continuous awareness program on EE conducted Baseline Study for Energy Efficiency conducted under UNDP funding EE Study in Building Sector conducted and Building Energy Efficiency Code drafted under UNDP funding Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policy to be formulated under Energy Plus (Norwegian funding) Standards and Labeling for appliances to be developed under Energy Plus Demand Side Management through efficient lighting systems to be implemented under Energy Plus (Norwegian Funding)
  5. 5. Goal 3 : Renewable Energy  Hydropower • Techno-economically feasible (>10MW) = 23,760 MW (≈100,000 GWh) • Total installed capacity – 1480 MW • 3,066 MW under construction Accelerated Hydropower Development • 10, 000 MW development plan by 2020
  6. 6. 11th FYP (2013-18) Hydropower Projects Pipingchhu (55 MW) Mochhu-I (658 MW) Nikachhu (118 MW) Dangchhu (120 MW) Amochhu-I (747 MW) Amochhu-II (500 MW) Dagachhu-II (153 MW) Pachhu (77 MW) Samchhu (71 MW) Manas RS (I&II) (2800 MW) Jomori (73 MW) Gamri I & II (81+85 MW) Kholongchhu (130 MW) Chamkhar Intg. (1397+853MW) Shongarchhu (107 MW) Rotpashong (1230 MW) Nyera Amari I & II (141+332 MW)Dagachhu (126 MW)
  7. 7. Jun 19, 2014 8 SN Project & location Installed Capacity (MW)/Generation (MU) Implementation Mode Status DHPS 1 Chamkharchhu Integrated, zhemgang 1397+853, 5508 + 3360 IPP/PPP PFR under preparation 2 Dangchhu, Wangdue 120, 473 IPP/PPP PFR under preparation 3 Dagachhu-II, Dagana 135,645 IPP/PPP PFR to be prepared 4 Shongarchhu, Mongar 107, 418 IPP/PPP PFR to be prepared 5 Manas Reservoir I & II, zhemgang 1800+1000, 10,000+5000 IG PFR to be prepared 6 Jhomori, Sjongkhar 73, 321 IPP/PPP PFR to be prepared 7 Amochhu-I & II, Haa 747+500, 3317+2210 Reconnaissance study to be undertaken Mochhu-I, Gasa 658, 2630 Kholongchhu, Yangtse 130, 583 Samchhu, Haa 71, 277 Pachhu, chukha 77, 300 Pipingchhu, Chukha 55,216 DGPC 1 Dagachhu, Dagana 126, 515 PPP Commission by april’14 2 Nikachhu, Trongsa 118,500 PPP DPR by sept’13 3 Rotpashong, Lhuentse & Mongar 1230, 5265 PPP DPR to be prepared 4 Nyera amari, SJongkhar & Trashigang 141+332, 556+1320 PPP PFR under preparation 5 Gamri Integrated, Trashigang 81+85, 383+783 PPP PFR to be prepared 11th FYP (2013-18) Projects
  8. 8. Hydropower Development (10,000 MW) by 2020 Amochhu (540 MW) Wangchhu (570 MW) Sankosh (2500) Sankosh Lift (60 MW) Bunakha (180 MW) Puna-I (1200 MW) Puna-II (1020 MW) Mangdechhu (720 MW) Chamkhar (770 MW) Kuri-Gongri (2640 MW) Kholongchhu (600 MW)
  9. 9. Goal 3 : Renewable Energy Alternative Renewable Energy • Minimum Target of 20 MW by 2025 excluding SHP  Small hydropower ( upto 25MW) • potential to be accessed • total installed capacity – 8MW  Biomass/Biogas • Constitutional mandate to maintain 60% under forest cover • Source of primary energy (91% met by biomass) • Over 16,000 biogas plants techno-economically feasible • 2800 biogas plants under implementation • 1200 biogas plants completed and operational
  10. 10. Goal 3: Renewable Energy • 14,000 improved biomass stoves under implementation (UNDP Funding) • 170 improved biomass stoves commissioned  Wind Energy • 500 – 600 kW pilot wind power project under implementation (ADB/RGoB funding)  Solar Energy • Over 0.25 MW installed (stand alone systems) • Resource potential of 4.2 to 6 kWh/m2 /day • 8 Solar Water Heating Systems (500-1000L) piloted • Plan to install MW size grid interactive solar power plant
  11. 11. Improved biomass stoves 500 Lpd solar heating system Biogas dome Biogas slurry
  12. 12.  Fossil Fuels • Coal reserve of 1.96 MT • No known reserve => Import dependent!. • Imported over 86,000 KL of diesel, 24,000 KL of petrol and 6,000 KL of kerosene in 2010. • 100% of fossil fuel imported (stability of supply and price volatility - more stress on the economy) • Renewable Energy’s role critical for energy security and fossil fuel (import) substitution Other Energy Sources
  13. 13. SE4 ALL Initiatives Bhutan joined SE4ALL in 2012 after the Rio Brazil Summit. Energy Plus Cooperation Partnership with funding from Norwegian Government Rapid Assessment and Gap Analysis study with funding from ADB (2012) Findings from Rapid Assessment & Gap Analysis Study: Energy Access No Clear policy targets to address reduced use of fuel wood for cooking and heating Require significant capacity building of public and private agencies to develop Bhutan’s hydropower potential
  14. 14. Findings from RA/GA Study Renewable Energy Systems: Develop RE roadmap for each of the RE technologies and appropriate feed-in tariff system to incentivize private sector participation in the development of RE resources DRE needs to strengthen their capacity and gain experience in promoting and developing RE technologies Strengthening of the capacity of private sector to implement RE systems and financial institutions to finance RE systems No specific budget prepared for developing RE Energy Efficiency: No detailed studies of the potential of EE in the country have been undertaken nor EE specific programs developed
  15. 15. Findings from RA/GA Study No Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policy in place No specific institution to coordinate EE activities in the country Private Sector to play an important role in implementing EE Financing requirement of EE has not been estimated due to the absence of policy in place
  16. 16. Challenges Renewable Energy : No legal framewok Technology very expensive compared to large hydropower Lack of Institutional capacity Lack of private sector capacity Limited access to funds Difficult geographical terrains Providing affordable and reliable access to Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency: No Energy Efficiency & Conservation Policy Poor private sector participation.
  17. 17. Investment Opportunities Preparatory studies are being undertaken for promotion of RE and EE under Energy Plus (Norwegian Funding) Investment opportunities will open up after the completion of Preparatory studies Hydropower: Need funding for Ratposhong Project (1230 MW in Eastern Bhutan) to execute DPR and later investment under Public Private Partnership. 1-2 projects to be implemented under PPP/IPP in the 11th FYP.
  18. 18. THANK YOU!!! For further information visit